Nursing Research Renjith Augustine
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1Nursing Research Made Easy2
3Nursing Research Made Easy
Renjith Augustine RN RP MSc (Psychiatric Nursing and Psychology) PGD (Biostatistics) Foreword Elakkuvana Bhaskara Raj D
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© 2016, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers
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Nursing Research Made Easy
First Edition: 2016
Printed at
This book is dedicated to all the nursing students6
Indeed with great sense of pleasure and privilege, I am giving this foreword to the book Nursing Research Made Easy written by Renjith Augustine.
The book has been largely directed to the broad and specific needs of the BSc, PC BSc and MSc Nursing students, and simplicity and clarity has been emphasized in the text matter.
It is not an easy task to deliver such excellent knowledge and information on Nursing Research topics. It is the effort, dedication and commitment of Renjith Augustine, who was the backbone and pillar, and organized the flow of the contents systematically.
This book is designed according to the latest updated nursing syllabus and each unit is described in detail with recent and advanced information on research. Several readily understandable diagrams and tables have been included to make the comprehension and revision of the subject easy.
I hope this book will be a valuable addition to the postgraduate nursing students to develop understanding and to apply the nursing research in clinical setting and educational institutions too.
Teaching is an art, but it requires a genuine intellectual adventure. I am confident that this textbook will be very much necessary for the entire teaching faculty in the nursing field.
I am sure that this book will be widely used and will make a worthy contribution to the nursing profession.
I wish all the best to the author for such a valuable contribution in the field of nursing research.
Professor Elakkuvana Bhaskara Raj D
RN RP MSN MSc (Psychology) MPhil (Psychology) PGDHM
PGDHE PGD (Biostatistics)
PhD Scholar under INC
Indira Gandhi School and College of Nursing
Amethi, Uttar Pradesh, India8
As per the INC syllabus for BSc Nursing, Post Certificate BSc Nursing and MSc Nursing Students Research is prescribed as a subject in their academic curriculum. During my teaching experience, I have found out that though many books have been published on the research, they do not cater to the specific needs of the students' interest and knowledge.
I am sure that this textbook ‘Nursing Research Made Easy’ will definitely show a path of how to learn research in an easy and understandable way. Based on the INC syllabus, this textbook covers all the topics in the research, which are arranged in a systematic way.
I am confident that this book will provide good teaching material for the instructors and moreover to the students for understanding and applying research in nursing.
Renjith Augustine
I would like to express a deep sense of gratitude to the Almighty who is continuously bestowing upon me the moral support and guidance required in all my deeds.
I would like to express my sincere thanks to Professor Elakkuvana Bhaskara Raj, Principal, Indira Gandhi School and College of Nursing, Amethi, Uttar Pradesh, India, and Professor Sr Mary Ranita, Principal, Little Flower College of Nursing, Ernakulum, Kerala, India for giving valuable assistance in accomplishing the task.
I would like to acknowledge and thank all my family members, especially my wife Tindu Thomas, my father Mr TD Augustine and my brother Ajith Augustine, who lended their support in accomplishing the task.
I would like to express my gratitude to Mr Asish Paul, Assistant Professor and all my students who gave continuous cooperation and valued assistance in bringing out this book.
I convey my sincere thanks to Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd, New Delhi, India for their efforts and suggestions, especially Shri Jitendar P Vij (Group Chairman), Ms Chetna Vohra (Associate Director), and Ms Payal Bharti (Project Manager) for helping me through my idea.
Practical : 50 Hours
Theory : 100 Hours
Total : 150 Hours
The course is designed to assist the students to acquire an understanding of the research methodology and statistical methods as a basis for identifying research problem, planning and implementing a research plan. It will further enable the students to evaluate research studies and utilize research findings to improve quality of nursing practice, education and management.
General Objectives
At the end of the course, the students will be able to:
  • Define basic research terms and concepts
  • Review literature utilizing various sources
  • Describe research methodology
  • Develop a research proposal
  • Conduct a research study
  • Communicate research findings
  • Utilize research findings
  • Critically evaluate nursing research studies
  • Write scientific paper for publication
12Contents Outline
Course Contents
  • Methods of acquiring knowledge – Problem-solving and scientific method.
  • Research – Definition, characteristics, purposes, kinds of research
  • Historical evolution of research in nursing
  • Basic research terms
  • Scope of nursing research: areas, problems in nursing, health and social research
  • Concept of evidence-based practice
  • Ethics in research
  • Overview of research process
Review of Literature
  • Importance, purposes, sources, criteria for selection of resources and steps in reviewing literature
Research Approaches and Designs
  • Types: quantitative and qualitative
  • Historical, survey and experimental – Characteristics, types, advantages and disadvantages
  • Qualitative: Phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography
Research Problem
  • Identification of research problem
  • Formulation of problem statement and research objectives
  • Definitions of terms
  • Assumptions and delimitations
  • Identification of variables
  • Hypothesis – definition, formulation and types
Developing Theoretical/Conceptual Framework
  • Theories: Nature, characteristics, purpose and uses
  • Using, testing and developing conceptual framework, models and theories
  • Population and sample
  • Factors influencing sampling
  • Sampling techniques
  • Sample size
  • Probability and sampling error
  • Problems of sampling
Tools and Methods of Data Collection
  • Concepts of data collection
  • Data sources, methods/techniques quantitative and qualitative
  • Tools for data collection – types, characteristics and their development
  • Validity and reliability of tools
  • Procedure for data collection
  • Implementing research plan
  • Pilot study, review research plan (design), planning for data collection, administration of tool/interventions, collection of data
  • Analysis and interpretation of data
  • Plan for data analysis: quantitative and qualitative
  • Preparing data for computer analysis and presentation
  • Statistical analysis
  • Interpretation of data
  • Conclusion and generalizations
  • Summary and discussion
Reporting and Utilizing Research Findings
  • Communication of research results: oral and written
  • Writing research report, purposes, methods and style – vancouver, American Psychological Association (APA), Campbell, etc.
  • Writing scientific articles for publication: purposes and style
Critical Analysis of Research Reports and Articles
Developing and Presenting a Research Proposal
  • Annotated bibliography of research reports and articles
  • Review of literature of selected topics and reporting
  • Formulation of problem statement, objective and hypothesis
  • Developing theoretical/conceptual framework
  • Preparation of a sample research tool
  • Analysis and interpretation of given data
  • Developing and presenting research proposal
  • Journal club presentation
  • Critical evaluation of selected research studies
  • Writing a scientific paper.
Methods of Teaching
  • Lectures-cum-discussions
  • Seminars/Presentations
  • Projects
  • Classroom exercises
  • Journal clubs.
15Methods of Evaluation
  • Quiz, tests (Term)
  • Assignments/Term papers
  • Presentations
  • Project work.
Internal Assessment
Weightage (%) (15 marks)
Term tests (2 tests)
Project work