Essentials of Prosthodontics Deepak Nallaswamy Veeraiyan
INDEX
Page numbers followed by f refer to figure and t refer to table.
A
A-2186 silicone 407
Abscesses 25
Abutment 169, 290, 324, 443, 445
bridge 429
cantilever 318
castable 429f, 430
condition 294, 311
conical 428
custom 435
custom-healing 435
customizable healing 428
digital impression healing 428
extensively damaged 319
fracture 453
healing 427f, 428
healthy 318
location 167
missing key 274
multi-unit 430
peek healing 428
pier 317, 318
plastic temporary 429
root 222
selection 167, 313
stock 429
temporary 428
Abutment teeth 170, 174, 189, 193f, 195f, 209f, 220, 244, 270, 291, 371f
adjacent 244
alignment of 301
angulated 431
anterior 245
condition of 166, 294, 301
lingual surfaces of 245
permanent 429
preparation of 270, 355
principal 235
splinting 237
surface 234
Abutment tilted 273, 318
molar 313, 317
Accelerometers 76
Acetone 257f
Acetylcholine 11
Acid-etched surface 451
Acid-soluble calcium-fluoro-alumino-silicate glass 396
Acrylic 3t, 230, 263
acid, copolymer of 396
copolymers 404
removable dentures 288
retainers 301
veneer 296, 393, 394
windows 231
Acrylic denture
base, existing 278f
teeth 264
Acrylic resin 3, 50f, 131, 207, 404
denture 230
bases 1, 230
retention loops 275
self-cured 271
Acrylic teeth 3t, 230, 265
placement of 164f
templates 20
with amalgam occlusals 265f
with gold occlusals 265f
Acrylic veneer 454
debonding 454
Acrylizing trial denture 277
Actinomyces species 455
Adaptation 137
Adapting relief wax 45
Adapting shellac, roll-on technique of 65f
Adapting spacer 46
Addison's disease 9
Adequate interarch space 445
Adequate interocclusal clearance 148
Adhesion 38
and cohesion, forces of 236
Adhesives
application 436
novel 408
Adjacent teeth 328f, 377f
orthodontic movement of 302
Aesthetic 42, 85, 170, 193
7/8 crown preparation 345
areas
high 442
less 444
effect, maximum 266
excellent 264
failure 363
Agar 259
Agents
bonding 356
colouring 142
dispersion 142
flavoring 142
luting 395
pharmacological 418
silane coupling 362
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans 458
Air
abrasion 457
barrier, layer of 66
drying tooth surface 367f
fired ceramic veneering 358
Aker's clasp 188
Ala of nose, location of 103
Alan Mack's classification 5
Alcohol-based separating media 131
Alginate 46, 178, 285
composition of 179
compounds, solution of 131
impression material 21
over-impression 288
Aligner orthodontic pontic 308
Allogeneic bone graft 28
Allograft 435
Alternative impression technique 374
Alumina 396
Aluminium 376
alloys 66
chloride 366, 367
phosphate 396
potassium sulphate 366
sulphate 366
Alveolar bone 67
level of 291
Alveolar ridge form 311, 314
Alveolectomy 20
Alveolingual sulcus 35, 36
parts of 36f
Alveoloplasty 20
procedure 27
Amalgam 296
occlusal surfaces 265
restorations 245
stops 3
Amoxicillin 458
Amphotericin B 145
Anaemias 409
Anaerobic bacilli, obligate 455
Anaerobic cocci 455
Anaerobic gram-negative bacilli 455
Anaesthetic instruments 422
Anaesthetic wand 422
Anatomic teeth 106, 111f
modified 107
Anatomical crown height 313f
Andrews's bridge system 293, 349f
Angulated implants, management of 444, 445, 447
Ante's law 169, 247, 313
Anterior teeth 103f
aesthetic arrangement of 126
colour for 105
form of 104
preparation 352f
replacements 230
selecting mould of 264
selection 102, 264
size of 102
try-in of 266
type of 264
Anthropometric cephalic index 102
Antibiotic
coated HA coating 414
use of broad-spectrum 144
Anticariogenic property 397
Antiflux 390
Antifungal nystatin mouth 26
Antifungal treatment 145
Antimicrobial rinses 448
Anti-monson curve, compensating curve for 119
Antioxidants 406
Anti-rotational sleeve 443
Antisialogogues 11, 365
Anxiety 146
Applebaum-Winkler's technique 56
Applegate's modification 172
Applegate's rules 172, 173f
Aquasil ultra cordless
system, components in 368f
tissue retraction system 368
Arbitrary blockout 191, 258, 258f
Arbitrary facebow 7880
Arbitrary scrapping of master cast, techniques for 56
Arch
curvature 312
form 13, 123, 314
harmony of 126
size 13
Arcon articulator 96, 97f
Arcus digma 76
Armamentarium 21, 136f, 331333, 336, 338, 342, 343
Articular disk 70
Articular eminence 70
distal slope of 86
Articulator
advantages of 94
limitations of 94
method 154, 156, 159
nonadjustable 96, 97f
purpose of 94
simulates jaw movements 94f
uses of 94
Artificial teeth 112, 112t, 124, 129, 130, 233f, 290
arrangement of 120, 265, 277
positioning of 266
Astra fluoride surface 420
Attached gingiva iodine test 178
Atwood's classification 16, 148f
Augment surgical procedures, interim prosthesis to 353
Austenal microanalyser 186
Austin retractor 423, 423f
Autogenous cancellous graft 28
Autopolymerizing resin 62, 66
base plate 62
Auxiliary aids 448
Auxiliary attachments 225
Auxiliary occlusal rest 228
B
Bachmann parallelometer 186
Balancing ramps 110
Ball and socket joint cast 186f
Ballooning 178
Bar attachment 223
Bar clasp 194, 215, 218, 237
parts of 218
types of 219
Bar joints 223
Bar retainers, continuous 228
Bar sanitary pontics 306
Bar unit 223
Barium 396
Base plate 62
stabilization 66, 139
wax 62
roll of 124
Beck's classification 98
Beckett and Wilson's classification 173
Bell's palsy 6
Bench curing, purpose of 133
Bennett movement 73, 74, 74f
Benzoyl peroxide 49
Bernard Levin's technique 56
Berry's biometric index 102
Beryllium containing nickel chromium alloys 354
Bevels 345
Bioglass surface 420
Bioimplants 414
Biological complications 446
Biomechanical failures 454
Biomimetic underwater adhesive 408
Biphosphonates 409
Bismuth and aluminium oxide 396
Bite fork 79
Bizygomatic width 102, 102f
Blatterfien's impression technique 253, 254f
Bleaching technique 358
Blockout, types of 191t
Blood diseases 409
Blum's classification 5
Boil-out procedure 134
Bona ball 225
Bone
calipers 422
division
A 439
B 439
heights 17
level implants 411
mass, adaptation of 417
morphogenetic protein 414, 420
of maxillae, resorption of 152
quantity and quality 16
remodelling 147
residual vertical 18
resorption, radiographic assessment of 16
structure, adaptation of 417
tap 425
Bone gauge 422
with blunt tips 422f
with sharp tips 422f
Bone grafts
inferior 28
interpositional 28
Bone loss 326
excessive 170
factors with 326
Bonwill theory articulators 95
Bony undercuts 15, 19
classification of 15
Border attachments, classification of 15
Border molding 29, 52, 57
wax for 156f
Border movements 71, 75
Boucher confronted trapozzano's concept 116
Boucher's concept 116
Bowl method 61
Boxed model method 61
Boxing plaster pumice investment 60f
Bridge remover 401
Broken arm cast surveyor 185, 186f
Bruce's technique 160, 161f
Buccal bevel 340
Buccal flange 2
recording 57
Buccal frenal attachments 103f
location of 103
Buccal frenum 32, 35, 36f
Buccal fullness 77
Buccal gingival bulge 125
Buccal reduction 346
Buccal ridge concept, aligned 124
Buccal shelf area 35, 37, 42, 46
Buccal surface 187, 303
one half of 341f
Buccal tissue contact 304f
Buccal vestibule 32, 35
Buccolingual dimple technique 402
Buccolingual direction, movement in 226
Buccolingual width 106
Buffer salts 396
Bur 335f
depth cutting 360f
Burning mouth syndrome 145
Butt joints 207
C
Cadmium sulphide, compounds of 49
Calcitonin 147
Calcium
alginate 131
aluminate 397
fluoride 396
oleate 131
phosphate coating 414
salts 396
silicate 142
stearate 142
sulfate 179
Calomani, Feldman, Kuebker's technique 56
Camper's line 126
Campylobacter rectus 455
Cancer surgery 409
Candida albicans 25, 26, 145
Canine 195f
eminences, location of 103
rest 228
Cantilever 439f
Capillary attraction 39
Capsule preparation 134
Carbohydrate diet, high 144
Carbon marker 187, 242
Carbonyl methyl cellulose 141
Carboxylic acids, unsaturated 396
Cardiac disorders 409
Cardiovascular diseases 6, 291
Caries 11, 150, 400
considerations 270
interproximal 320f
Cast 24f
accurate repair 289
after trimming 389f
against plaster template 157f
analyzing 187f, 188, 189
and box plaster 63f
areas of 380
articulated 83
circumferential clasp 214, 237
types of 215
dies 380
holder 186
marking 436
metal 265, 292, 312
restorations, try-in procedures for 398
mounting diagnostic 180
pouring diagnostic 22
preparing diagnostic 179
primary 189
restorations 191, 243, 246
surveying diagnostic 180
tilting 24, 244
working 380
Casting 261, 322, 387
alloy 389
machine, crucible of 389f
procedure, steps in 387
rings 61
technique 262, 388
Catalyst paste 397
Cationic polyacrylamide polymers 141
Caulking compound 59, 60
CEKA attachments 221, 222f
Cellulose
acetate 46, 376
lacquers 130
Cement 356
medium 290
pin technique 380
spacer thickness, increased 443
Cementation 362, 399
failure 400
Cement-retained
implant prostheses 455
restorations 447
Central bearing
design 284
device 90
plate 86, 91
point 90
Central grooves 123
Centric jaw relation 77
methods of recording 87, 93
Centric occlusion 7, 75, 76, 169
Centric relation
intraoral, evaluation of 127
record, existing 155
Centrifugal casting machine 389f
Cephalometric analysis 323
Ceramic facing 264
Ceramic full veneer crown 338
preparation of 338
Ceramic implant 443
Ceramic laminate veneers 359
Ceramic pontics 307
Ceramic restoration 331, 399
aesthetics in 399
marginal fit in 399
try-in procedure for 399
Ceramic retainers 301
Ceramic trial 444
Ceramic veneer 296, 393
advantages of 358
debonding 454
disadvantages of 358
Ceramir bioceramic dental cement 397
Cervical margins 360
Chair-side
procedure 156
technique 154
Chamfer 329
finish line 329f
Chemical cleansers 139
Chemical composition 362
effect of 419
Chew-in method 89
Chew-in technique 110
modified 110
Chewing
cycle 71, 76
modified 86
Chlorhexidine 449
gluconate 457
solution 448f
Chlorinated polyethylene 405
Christensen crown remover 402, 402f
Cineradiography 76
Cingular canine rest 274f
Cingulum
bar 203, 204f
proximal groove 344
reduction 336f
Cingulum rest 209
indications for 209
mesiodistal dimensions of 210f
seat preparation 246
Ciprofloxacin 458
Circlet clasp, reverse 215f
Circulating estrogen, amount of 147
Cisplatin 418
Citric acid 458
Clasp 176, 211, 240, 241
adjusting 262
assembly, support 205f
back action 218, 218f
bar-type 207
circumferential 215
combination 217, 217f, 237
component parts of 211
construction 234
design 212, 234, 237
drawing 258
fabricating retentive 276
functional requirements of 212
infrabulge 219
length of 234
mirror view 219
number and placement of 236
parts of 211f
position 236
qualities of 234
reverse action 216
ring 216, 217f
types of 214
Clasp arm 193
approach of 214
taper of 213
Clinical maintenance protocols 451
Closed tray impression technique 432
Closed-mouth technique 29, 154
Clotrimazole 145
Clyde D Leach's technique 254
Coe masticators 109
Cold cure acrylic-tray material 48
composition 48
technique 49
Cold mould seal 46
Colloidal silica 397
Colour defect anomalies 359
Colouring, methods of 408
Combination syndrome 162
treatment for 162
Compact laser scanner 392
Complete ceramic 292, 312
Complete denture 2f, 6, 17, 29, 127
components of 1
contraindications for 7
conventional 160
diagnostic impression in 21
fixed 1
functions of 1
impression 29
insertion 137
Kubali made 41
mandibular 160
occlusion 112, 113
types of 113
parts of 1, 1f
primary impressions in 29
prosthodontics 1
removable 169
rebasing in 152
relining in 152
retention of 41
secondary impressions in 52
sequelae from 151
surfaces of 1
treatment planning for 18
Complete edentulism 409
classification system for 17
Complete mandibular natural dentition 161
Composite provisional restoration 377
Compression moulding technique 129
Condylar elements 99
Condylar guidance 70, 99, 100
Condylar path, inclination of 117
Condylar rods 78
Condylar track 99f
Condyle 70
Conical theory articulators 95
Connector
major 176, 196, 238, 241, 272, 275
repair of major 288
rigid 309
type of 296
used, type of 446
U-shaped 198
versatile major 197
wing 309, 310f
Conservative circular lingual rest 274f
Conservative retainers 300
Contouring wax patterns 190
Contrabevel 342
Conventional extracoronal clasp 269
Conventional immediate denture
advantages of 164
disadvantages of 165
Conventional rigid design 239
Conventional sanitary 306
Conventional technique 29
advantages of 55
disadvantages of 55
Coping assembly insertion 436
Coping fabrication 383
Coping placement 436
Coping screws, removing 437
Coping-analog assembly 436, 437
Copolymer 404
Copper band 365
end of 365f
impression technique 373
Coronaflex 401
Correcting occlusal discrepancies 399
Cosmetic index 4
Counter offset 345f
Counter-sink 344, 345f
drill 425
Cover screw 427, 427f
Craddock's classification 173, 173f
Cranial implants 412
Craniofacial anomalies 353
Cream adhesive, placement of 143f
Cream form 143
Crestal module counterbore 425
Crib clasp, modified 216
Cross bite posterior teeth 107
Cross pin
connectors 309, 310f
screw 445
Cross pin and wing
connectors 309
pontic 313
Cross-arch stabilization 170
Crown 182, 183, 243, 290, 450
abutment 429
anterior three quarter 341
contouring 191
form 313
length 313, 369
material 445
porcelain veneering of 289
posterior partial 340
preparation, seven-eighth 341f
removal, metalift system for 402f
remover forceps 402f
root ratio, reduction in 166
sectioning 403
tractors 401, 402f
Crown-root ratio 311, 313, 315
Cummer's classification 171
Curing cycle 133
Curve of Spee 118, 118f
Curved dowel pin system 380
Cu-sil denture 168
disadvantages of 168
Cusp
bevel, functional 328, 337
form gold occlusal concept 119
inclination 119
teeth 106
Cuspal angulation 119
Cuspid eminence 35
Custom cast dowel core 321
Custom tray impression 29, 52
Custom-made
dowel core systems, types of 321
provisional
crown 376
restorations 375
Custom-milled zirconia abutments 436
Cutter bar scheme 110
Cutting torque
resistance analysis 417
test 449, 450
Cyclic jaw movement 10
Cyclosporin A 418
D
Debilitating diseases 6
Debri impaction 357
Deep bite 119
Deep labial frenal notches 163
Deep sulci 62
Deflasking 129, 133
Dense bone drill 425
Dental and alveolar sound 128
Dental floss 448
Dental history 7
Dental implant 449, 454
complications in 451
evaluating plaque on 450t
fracture of 454
mini 411
prosthetic management of 432
surfaces 451t
surgery, surgical complications in 453t
surgical complications in 452
Dental plaster 44
Dental professionals 141
Dental prosthesis 176
Dental stone 59
Dentin zones and caries 361
Dentogenic concept 104
Denture 144
aesthetics, evaluating 137
articulating 157f
attachments, sectional 283
avery 281, 281f
border 1f, 2
characterization of 124
claspless 281
conventional immediate 164
coverage, verification of 126
current 7
design of 166, 185
disjunct 282
examining 137
extension 267
finishing and polishing 135, 136f, 262, 395
fit of 248
flange 1f, 2, 53
fluid resin 131
for impression, preparation of 153
forces acting on 226
fracture 162, 163
function, checking of 137
granulomas, excision of 20
hinged sectional 284
immediate 160, 163
insertion of 175, 189
inside oral cavity 233
interim immediate 163
irritation hyperplasia 145
lever balance to 114f
mandibular single 163
maxillary 26
movement of 226f
parts of 282f
posterior border of 35
post-insertion management of 140t
previous 7
processing 129, 159
retention, magnets for 40
sore mouth 144
stability of 137
stomatitis 144, 144f
supported portion of 283f
surface area of 39
three planes of 198f
transitional 169
treatment 20, 169
trimming prior to wax-up 159
two-part 281, 282f, 284
upper 134
wearers 145
Denture adhesive 40, 141
contraindications for 142
powder form 143f
use of 141, 142
Denture base 1, 1f, 194, 230, 238, 241, 263
addition 289
and teeth 230
replacements 176
area, markings of 201f
broken parts of 287f
connectors 273
design 270
extension 126
fabricating temporary 62, 263, 277
lingual surface of 288f
repair 287
selection 263
tissue coverage of 248
type 230, 263
pontic 306
visible light cured 66
Denture teeth 1f, 2, 241
positions of 159
replacement of 288
Denture-bearing area
adaptation of 166
alveolar architecture of 248
coverage of 166
nature of 248
quality of 38
size of 38
Depression 146
Design concepts 271
Design considerations 200, 205, 207209, 218, 280
Design transfer 257
Detoxification 457
Dewaxing 129, 130
Diabetes 291
mellitus 144, 455
Diagnostic cast 8, 23, 291
evaluation of 323
Diagnostic impression 21
cleaning and disinfecting 22
Diagnostic instruments 422
Diagonal survey line 188
Diastema
closure 359
corrections 361
Dibutyl phthalate 49
Dichloropropane 131
Die hardener, application of 383
Die pin 381
holes 383
Die spacer, application of 383
Die system 380
removable 380
Digital facebow, analyzing of 297f
Digital mock up 297f
Digital ruler, calibration of 298f
Digital single lens reflex 297
Digital smile design 297
Di-lok tray 382f
system 380
Dimple, depth of 243f
Diode laser 371f
Diphthongs 127
Direct lift technique 394
Direct metal laser sintering 391
Direct retainer 176, 208, 211
effectiveness of 226
extracoronal 211
intracoronal 211, 220
position of 171
Disclosing wax 280
Distal extension denture base 169
impression making for 247
length of 227
Distraction osteogenesis 28
Double cantilever pontics 446
Double mix putty-wash technique 372
Double palatal bar, anteroposterior 199f
Dough technique 49
Dough-forming time 132
Dowel core 321
preparation 321
types of 321
Dowel pin 381f
systems 380
Dowel rest attachment 224, 224f
Doxycycline 458
Drill extenders 426
Drill stop kit 426
Drilling pinholes 320
Drug
adrenergic 11
antifungal 145
therapy 145, 458
Dual impression 249
procedures 249
Dynamic impression 29, 31
theory 29
Dynesthetics 104
Dysarthria 142
Dysesthesia 18
E
Earpiece type 79
Edentulism, stage of 17
Edentulous arches, classification of partially 170
Edentulous area 291
moderately compromised 294
Edentulous cuff
removal of 369
technique for 370
Edentulous ridge 67
area of 42
Edentulous space 302
location of 296
Edentulous span 317f
large 437
length of 169, 234, 312
Edentulousness, period of 7
Edge to edge relationship guided 75
Elastomeric impression materials 45, 62, 66, 178
Electric soluble tension 12
Electrical discharge machining 441
Electronic jaw tracking 78
Electronic surveyor 185
Electrosurgery, types of 369
Electrosurgical electrodes 370f
Electrosurgical retraction 368
Electrosurgical unit 369
Embrasure clasp 216, 216f
rest seat preparation for 246
Embrasure contour, checking for 399
Emergence profile 444
Emotional problems 170
Enamel 245
Enameloplasty 182, 183, 243, 244
Endodontic
considerations 270
restorations, quality of 291
status 167
therapy 166
Endodontic treatment
abutment 296
with coping 182
with crown 182
Endodontically treated teeth 374
restoration of 320
Endosseous implants 410
Endotoxins 147, 455, 457
Enterococcus faecalis 458
Entire teeth, cervical region of 125f
Epithane-3 and calthane 405
Epithelial graft vestibuloplasty 26
Epulis fissuratum 26f, 145, 162f
treatment of 26
Esthetics 314
Etch enamel 354
Etching
chemical 356
electrochemical 354
electrolytic 356
techniques 354
Ettinger and Beck classification 6
Evaporated milk 131
Existing teeth 10, 177
conservative status of 178
endodontic status of 178
examination of 178
occlusion of 178
Expasyl retraction system 367
Expasyl™ paste 367f
Extensions, instrumentation of 342
External auditory meatus 70
Extracoronal locking device 223f
Extracoronal replacements 292, 312
Extracted teeth, preserved 102
Extraoral arrow point tracers 92
Extraoral examination 8
Extraoral tracer 90t, 92f
Eyes, colour of 105
F
Fabricate lattice framework 260f
Fabricating framework 175
Fabricating provisional restoration 355
Fabricating trial prosthesis 175
Fabrication
maxillary cast for 254
method of 304, 307, 375, 383, 394
procedure 276
technique of 280, 375, 376
Face, size of 103
Facebow
locking device 79f
parts of 78
types of 79
Facia type 79
Facial examination 8
Facial expression 82
Facial form 8, 104, 104f
Facial groove 344f
Facial margins 331
Facial measurements 83
after relaxing 82
after swallowing 82
Facial movements 9
Facial porcelain veneering 349f
Facial profile 8
Facial proximal groove 344
Facial reduction 331, 334, 337
Facial support, loss of 152
Facial veneers 290
Ferric sulphate 366
Ferrule effect 321
Festooning, completed 125f
Fibre-reinforced
bridges 296
composite
resin bridges 351
retainers 300
resin 292, 312
Fibroblast
growth factor 414
injection 436
Fibro-osseous
retention 415
theory, failure of 416
Fibrous
displaceable ridge 140
integration 415
Finger pressure 249, 285
Finger-adapted
dough technique 62
technique 62
Finish line bevel, advantages of 330
Finished waxup
buccal view 386f
lingual view 386f
First molar region 127f
First premolar, replacement of 318
Fish belly pontic 306
Fissure bur, tapered 345f
Fixed full arch restoration, segmental 441
Fixed partial denture 166, 169, 170, 290, 293, 300, 311, 371, 395
acrylic 350
anterior resin bonded 355
canine replacement 316f
cantilever 347, 347f
cast mesh 345f, 354
cementation of 395
ceramic 349
classification of 293, 295
contraindications for 290
conventional tooth supported 291
design of 311
fabrication of 380
failures in 400t
impression-making for 364, 371
impressions, equipment for 374
indications for 290
inlay-retained 300
metal 348
parts of 300
removable 348
resin-bonded 352
retainers of 353
splints 350, 351
spring cantilever 347, 347f
types of 347
Fixed splinting 183, 183f
Fixture fracture 454
Flabby ridge 19, 145, 145f
Flabby tissue 41
excision of 20
Flange extension 268
Flask
assembly 135f
attaching capsule to 135f
base of 130f
clamping of 135
duplicating 259
method 154, 158, 159
procedure 129
securing 135f
Floor of mouth 16, 19
Fluid control 364
chemical methods of 365
mechanical methods of 364
Fluid resin base plates 64
Fluid wax 249, 252t
functional impression 251
technique 55
advantages of 56
disadvantages of 56
Fluoride 396
releasing materials 292
Flux
composition of 390
functions of 390
Foaming silicones 407
Folding occlusal indicator wax 267f
Food contact phase 76
Force and stress, reorientation of 350
Forehead, level of 102f
Former dentures, measurement from 83
Fovea palatinae 35
Fracture 358
adhesive 359
angle 361
ceramic facing, veneering of 359
prosthesis 326
protecting tooth from 321
resistance 440
segments 359
Framework fabrication 257, 276
Frankel's classification 5
Free gingival margin 177f, 202f
Free-way space 81, 84f
Frenal attachments 15, 19
classification of 15
Frenal relief, checking for 137
French's modified tooth 108
Frenectomy 25
Friction device 225
Frictional control 236
Frictional resistance during removal 221
Friedman's classification 173
Froum and Rosen's classification 454t
Frush's concept 115
Fulcrum line 226
distance from 227
location of 227
Full arch fixed
hybrid prosthesis 437
restorations 437, 448
segmental prosthesis 437
Full arch removable restorations 437
Full mouth coronoplasty 244
Full veneer crown 290, 300, 300f
preparations for 331
Functional relining method 249, 251
Funnel, placement of 134
G
Gag reflex 14
prevent 19
Gait 4
Galloni isoparallelometer model 1020 186
Galvanism
leads 12
ulceration by 12
Gamer's classification 6
Gecko skin adhesive 408
Genial tubercle 35, 37
reduction of 20
Geometric posteriors 110
Gillis, Boucher and Kingery classification 98
Gingiva
attached 177, 177f
evaluating attached 177, 178
functions of attached 177
marginal 196f
measuring attached 177
protection of 271
Gingival bone resorption stimulating factor 147
Gingival cuff, technique for removal of 370
Gingival displacement 361
Gingival graft, thick free 292
Gingival grafts 435
Gingival irritation gingival recession 400
Gingival margin, cross free 219f
Gingival recession 177f, 443f
Gingival retraction
advantages of 365
chemico-mechanical methods of 365
mechanical methods of 365
permits completion 365
surgical methods of 368
techniques for 365
Gingival sulcus 373f
enlargement 369
technique for 370
Gingival surface 302
tissue contact of 303f
Gingival tissue, retraction of 365
Gingival Zenith levels 298
Glabella, region of 119
Glass fibre reinforcement repair 288
Glass ionomer cement 296, 396, 395
Glaze 393
Glenoid fossa 70
Glycerin 46, 131
Glycol dimethacrylate 49
Gold
alloys 328
occlusal 3, 3f, 265
restorations, existing 245
retaining screw 432f
Gram-positive bacteria 455
Graphic record adjustment 95
Grasso's clasp 218
Greenstick compound 45, 53
Groove 320, 360
indexing 61f
method 61
Growth hormone levels 147
Guiding planes 194, 280
Gysi's concept 115
H
Hafnium implant 413
Hair, colour of 105
Hairpin clasp 216, 217f
Half and half clasp 217, 218
Hamular notch 17, 32, 33f
Hamular process 57
Hanau facebow 79, 80
Hanau Wide Vue articulator 99
Hanau's quint 115, 116f
Hand fabricated technique 352
Hannes anchor 224
Hard curing resins 62
Hard palate 14, 19, 34, 34f
form of 280
Hard tissue procedures 27
Hardy and Kapur's technique 56
Hardy's concept 119
Hardy's vitallium occlusal teeth 109
Head, tapping back of 86
Healing caps 324
Healing screw 324
Heartwell's classification 98
Heat cure denture base
advantages of 64
resin 164
Heat cure resins 62, 64
Heparin 147
Hicok bite strap, use of 86
High temperature vulcanized silicone 406
structure of 406f
Higher cusp angulation 106f
Hindle's modification 249
stock tray 250f
Hinge and end-bearing design, combination of 284
Hinge bow 79
Hinge movement 72, 95f
Hinged spur 284
Hooper's duplicator 157f
Horseshoe connector 198
Host bone, status of 421
House classification 4, 16
House classified
mucosal displaceability 10
palatal sensitivity 15
Hue 105
Human immunodeficiency virus 409
Hybrid prosthesis 442
framework design for 440
Hydrocolloid impression, reversible 29
Hydrogen peroxide 458
Hydrolysis, degree of 362
Hydrophilic aliphatic dimethacrylate 397
Hydrophilic polyacrylates 131
Hydrophobic aliphatic methacrylate 397
Hydrophobic aromatic dimethacrylate 397
Hydroquinone 49
Hyperactive gag reflex 18
Hypermobile ridge tissue, correction of 25
Hypermobile tissue, small areas of 25
Hypertrophic frenum 26f
Hypertrophic lingual frenum, removal of 25
Hypertrophic maxillary labial frenum, removal of 25
Hypophosphatemia 147
I
I clasp 219, 220f
Iatrogenic factors 148
I-bar 219, 273
modification 274
retainer 272, 272f
ICP's classification 98
Ileac crest 28
Immune defects 144
Implant
classification of 414
contacts, timing of 446
dentistry 409
driver 425
factors 419
grade 405
level, based on 411
location, principles of 323
maintenance 448
mobility 449
narrow platform 411
nonplatform-switched 412
osteotomy, guide for 424f
parts of 323
placing 449
probing 450
prosthetic components 427
protected occlusion 438
pure titanium 412
quality scale 451
site, examination of 449
size, based on 411
stability quotients 450
subtraction radiography for 449
success
long-term 325
rates of 451
supported overdentures 168
supporting 448f
surface, concepts in 414t
surgery 325
surgical components 422
therapy, protocol for 432
vs tooth movement 446
wide platform 411
Implant abutments 323, 427
complications of 326
Implant body 323
non-threaded 324f
Implant placement 424
indications for 323
Implantoplasty 458
Implant-supported
bridges, prosthetic management of 445
fixed prosthesis 452
full arch fixed prosthesis, prosthetic management of 447
hybrid dentures, prosthetic management of 447
overdentures, prosthetic management of 447
removable prosthesis 454
Impression
anatomical 249
classification of 29
disinfecting 22, 58, 179
functional 29, 247
inspecting 58, 179
irreversible hydrocolloid 29
making 436, 437
master 45, 247, 381
mucocompressive 29
passive 29
physiological dual 249
pick-up 249
posts 324
primary 29, 174, 436
procedures, secondary 52
quality of 41
registration, types of 248
remaking 58
secondary 52
wash 53, 58
Impression copings 431
placement 436
principles of 38
Impression material 52, 179
rubber-based 60
selection of 275
Impression surface 1
evaluation of 126
Impression technique 179, 253, 371
corrective primary 44
Impression tray 178
custom-made 249
Incisal and lingual extensions, advantages of 361
Incisal bevel 342, 343
Incisal edge
location of 399
of lateral incisor 190
Incisal guide 70, 99, 117, 118f
table 99f, 100
Incisal offset 342344
Incisal pin 99, 99f, 101
Incisal pointer 99f
Incisal reduction 334, 338, 342, 361
Incisal rest 209, 210f
seat preparation 246
Incisal units 113
Incision 422
Incisive papilla 35, 35f
to mandibular incisors, distance from 82
Incisor 195f
enameloplasty of 182f
lower 361
Indexing static centric relation 89
Indirect retainer 176, 226
functions of 227
join 205
Infection
elimination of 20
sources of 20
Infraorbital notch 80
Infrared soldering 390
Injection channel placement 134, 134f
Injection-moulding
system 133
technique, work flow for 133f
Inlay 290
Insertion torque analysis 417
Insulin like growth factor 414, 420
Intaglio surface 1
Integrity temp 378
Inter arch space 13, 19
inadequate 445
Interchangeable facing 307
Interdental papilla 331
shape of 373f
Interim denture 169
advantages of 163
Interocclusal check records 138
Interocclusal record
adjustment 95
method 87
Interproximal toothbrushes 448
Intraborder movements 71, 76
Intracoronal locking device 223
Intracoronal magnets 224, 224f
Intracoronal replacements 292, 312
Intramucosal inserts 410
Intraoral adjustment 267
Intraoral arrow point tracers 91
Intraoral conventional implants 411
Intraoral examination 10, 291
Intraoral reline technique 285
Intraoral special implants 412
Intraoral systems 392t
Intraoral tracer 90t, 91f
devices 91
Intrusion, causes of 357
IPN resin 3
IPWCDO's classification 5
Iron deficiency 146
Isopropyl alcohol 131
Itaconic acid 396
J
Jaw
articulation 277
bone 409
closing reflex 10
cysts of 20
jerk 10
opening reflex 10
repositioning 78
tumors of 20
Jaw reflex 9
types of 10
Jaw relation 59, 77, 94, 263, 276, 277
and condylar path, methods to record 78
articulation and templates 437
checking 137
eccentric 77, 93
factors affecting vertical 81
horizontal 85
median 77
orientation 78, 80
posterior border 77
protrusive 77
record 78
rest 77
tentative 87
unstrained 77
Jectron jig 157f
Jig method 154, 156, 159
Join clasp assembly 205
Join denture base 205
Joint
central design 284
diseases of 6
space
inferior 70
superior 70
vibration analysis 78
K
Kano's class I 456f
Kaolin 367
Karel cluytens 221
Kavo coronaflex 401f
Kelly's syndrome 162
Kennedy bar 201, 203
Kennedy's class 172f, 194f, 216, 223, 240, 241, 247
lever action in 235
Kennedy's classification 171
Kennedy's tooth supported partial denture, impression making for 247
Kinematic facebow 80
Knife-edge 330
ridge 19
Kubalis concept 41
Kurth's concept 120
L
Labial arm design 275
Labial bar 201, 204, 204f
Labial flange 2
Labial frenectomy 20
Labial frenum 31, 32f, 35, 36f, 77
Labial margin
framework design for 394
placement 331
Labial preparation 360, 360f
Labial reduction 334, 338
junction of 335f
Labial vestibule 31, 35
loss of anterior 17
Labiodental sounds 127, 137
Lamellar bone 417
Laminate veneer 290, 357, 357f, 358, 397
contraindications of 359
indications of 359
salinization of 362
surface treatment of 362
Lammie's classification 174
Lanceberg pontic 305
Lanthanum 396
Lap facing pontic 306
Laser gingival retraction 370
Laser surveyor 186
Laser therapy 458
Laser welding 390, 391
Lathe-mounted rag wheel 136
Lattice work 206
construction 205
LCR tray 51
Leukemia 409
Levi's perpendicular 328
Levin's concept 116
Light cure resins 51
Light transmission 358
Linear occlusal concept 110
Lingual bar 201
double 201, 203, 203f
mandibular major connector 202f
Lingual contour 304
Lingual cusp 123
tip 190
Lingual flange 2
recording 57
Lingual frenectomy 20
Lingual frenum 35, 36f
Lingual laminate veneer 359, 361
Lingual plate 201, 202, 275
role of 271
Lingual proximal groove 344, 344f
Lingual reduction 335, 336f, 337, 338, 342, 343
junction of 335f
Lingual rests 209
indications for 209
Lingual side 273
Lingual sulcus, depth of 179f
Lingual surface 187, 303
Lingual tissue contact 304f
Lingualized occlusion, medially positioned 438
Linguoalveolar sounds 128, 137, 138
Linguodental sound 127, 128, 137
Linguopalatal sound 138
Lip 85
and cheek
muscles 233
support, evaluation of 126
border molding of 52f
contact 9
examination 9
health of 9
length of 9
mobility 9
support 9, 77
abnormal 138f
normal 138f
switch procedure 26
thickness of 9
Liquid plasticizer 139, 141
Livaditis proposed 354
Local debridement 457
Locator attachment 222
Locking device 79
Long span bridges 350
Loop connector 309, 310f
Lott's concept 116
Lower facial height 8
Lower flask half 134
Lymphocytic leukemia, chronic 409
M
Magic foam 367, 367f
Magnesium oxide 142, 395, 396
Magnet
biocompatibility of 40
systems, types of 40
Magnetic field sensor 78
Maintenance, protocols for 451
Making master impression, techniques for 52
Malalignment, correction of 183
Maleic anhydride compounds 141
Malignancy 144
active 409
Mallet 426, 426f
Mandible
anatomical landmarks in 35
changes in 149, 152
interferences in 193
primary impression making for 44
secondary impression procedure for 57
Mandibular anteriors 124
Mandibular base plates 66
Mandibular buccal cusps 333f
Mandibular canine 122, 122f
Mandibular cast 23f, 47f, 261
mounting 101
Mandibular central incisor 122, 122f
Mandibular cingulum bar 201
Mandibular first
molar 123, 123f
premolar 122f, 123
Mandibular flexion and torsion 357
Mandibular impression surface 44
Mandibular lateral incisor 122
Mandibular major connectors 196, 200
types of 201
Mandibular molar 340f, 341f
Mandibular movement 70
functional 70
methods of recording 76
on occlusion, effects of 75
types of 71
Mandibular occlusal
plane 127f
rim 68, 88f
Mandibular ridge contour, classification of 13
Mandibular second
molar 123, 123f
premolar 122f, 123
Mandibular span, anterior 293
Mandibular special tray 50f
Mandibular trays, relief for 46f
Mandibular trial denture, occlusal plane verification of 126
Maryland bridges 353, 397
Masseter control 71
Master cast 59, 280
altered 255, 256f
arbitrary scrapping of 56
blockout of 191
correcting 255
indexing 61
pouring 61, 254
preparing 59, 254
stabilized 263
surveying 191
Masticatory ability 150
Masticatory mucosa 31
Masticatory muscles, atrophy of 150
Masticatory system 86
Material
choice of 443445, 447
type of 291, 296, 375
Matrix bands 401
Maxilla 17, 46
anatomical landmarks in 31
changes in 149, 152
interference in 193
secondary impression procedure for 52
Maxillary anteriors, harmony of incisal edge of 126
Maxillary arch 123
primary impression making of 43
size of 103
Maxillary bicuspids, positioning of 266
Maxillary buccal sulcus 53
Maxillary canine 121, 121f
Maxillary cast 23f, 47f, 179f
mounting 101
Maxillary central incisor 103, 121, 121f
Maxillary complete denture 161
opposing mandibular
natural dentition 160
partial denture 160
Maxillary first
molar 121, 122f
premolar 121, 121f
Maxillary lateral incisor 121, 121f
Maxillary major connector 196, 200
design procedure for 200
types of 197
Maxillary molar 341f
Maxillary occlusal rim 67f
Maxillary palatal
cusp 333f
tori 17
Maxillary posterior three quarter crown 338
preparation of 338
Maxillary ridge contour, classification of 13
Maxillary second
molar 121, 122f
premolar 121, 121f
Maxillary single dentures, disadvantages of 160
Maxillary span, anterior 293
Maxillary special tray 50f
Maxillary trays, relief for 46f
Maxillary trial denture, occlusal plane verification of 126
Maxillary tuberosity 34, 34f, 436
reduction of 27
Maxillofacial defects 409
Maxillofacial prosthesis, adhesives in 408
Maxillofacial prosthetic material 404
Maxillofacial prosthodontics 404
Maxillomandibular relation 17, 70
records 67
Maxillomandibular relationship 17, 85
McLaughlin technique 354
McLean and Hindle's methods 250
McLean's physiologic impression principle 249
McLean's technique 249
MDX4-4210 silicone 407
Mechanical debridement 457
Melted wax 125f
Menopause 146
Mental attitude 4, 18
classification of 4
Mental foramen 35, 37
Menthol 142
Mercuric sulphide, compounds of 49
Meshwork 206
construction 205
Mesial half-crowns 313
Mesial reduction 345
Mesial rest 271, 273
extends 273
instead 271
modification 273
Mesiodistal length 106
Mesiodistal tipping, excessive 273
Metal 230, 263, 387
base plates 65
casting 352
coping 349f
crown 300f
denture base 1, 2f, 230
facing, porcelain fused to 308
framework, advancements fabrication in 391
full veneer crowns 332
laser sintering frameworks 441
occlusal rim former 68, 69
oxides, heavy 395
pontics 231
preparation 393
provisional restorations 376
repair 288
retainers 301
stock tray, modifying 21f
teeth with facing 231
Metal and acrylic
combination of 200
resin base indication 264
Metal ceramic 292, 312
crowns 296, 333
full veneer crowns 333
pontics 306, 386
restoration 328, 331
soldering for 390
retainer 300, 300f, 301, 349f
Metalift system 401
Metallic extensions 176
Methotrexate 418
Methyl paraffin 142
Metronidazole 458
Meyer classified knife edge ridges 27
Miconazole 145
Microbial flora around
failing implants 455
stable implants 455
Microgap and biofilm growth 455
Microwave processing 135
Mid-palatine raphe 35
Milling machine 191
Minimally invasive tooth preparation 358
Minocycline hydrochloride 458
Minor connector 176, 205, 212, 238, 241, 272
functions of 205
repair of 288
types 205
Modeling plastic
impression 29
occlusal rims 67
Monomethyl methacrylate 49
Monoplane 119
Monson curve, compensating curve for 119
Motion, envelope of 76
Mounted diagnostic casts 291
Mounting cast 24, 188, 263
Mouth
location of corners of 103
mirror test 26
opening position, maximum 75
preparation, objectives of 25
protective device 280
rehabilitation 25
Mouthwashes
antibacterial 449
antiseptic 449
Mucocompressive theory 29, 30
Mucogingival junction 177f
Mucoperiosteum, cicatrisation of 149
Mucosa 10, 19, 282
condition of 10
lining 31
nature of 280
specialized 31
thickness of 10
Mucosal advancement 26
Mucosal contact 304
Mucosal displaceability 10
Mucostatic
impression 29
technique 30f
theory 29
Mucous membrane 31
Multiple circlet clasp 216
Multiple incisal rests 210
Muscle attachments 15, 17
location of 18
Muscle development 8
excessive 8
Muscle tone 8, 18, 71
Muscular dysfunction 71
Muscular factors 41
Mutilation, degree of 311
Myerson's flx teeth 108
Myerson's lingualized integration 120
Mylohyoid muscle 36, 37f
Mylohyoid ridge 27, 37
distal end of 36
reduction of 20
Myocardial infarction 409
Myostatic impression
technique 30
theory 29
N
Nasal spine, posterior 140
Natural occlusion 112
Natural teeth 67, 112, 112t, 285
connecting implants to 325
intrusion of 325
loss of 288
pontic 305
template in 161f
wear of 162, 163
Needle house method 89
Needle styli cutting compound rims 86
Nerve damage 421
Neurohr spring-lock attachments 223
Neurohr-Williams shoe attachment 223, 224f
Neurological disorders 6, 71
Neuromuscular control 236
centre 71
Neuromuscular disorder 19
Neuromuscular examination 9
Neuromuscular factors 70, 71
Neuromuscular perception 85
Neutrophils 455
migration of 455
New gold restorations 245
Ney's surveyor 185f
Ney-Chayes attachment 221
Nick and notch method 88
Nickel chromium 376
bolt 282f
Night guards device 280
Nobel Biocare® system, surgical kit of 425f
Noble metals 12
Nociceptive reflex 10
Non-arcon articulator 96, 97f
Non-beryllium nickel chromium alloys 354
Nonelectrochemical etching, advantages of 354
Non-lock tooth, posterior 109
Non-parallel implants, restoration of 222
Nonparallel pins 320
Non-rigid connectors 309, 319
Nonsurgical soft tissue management 435
Nonsurgical treatment 457
Non-working condyle, movement of 73
Nose, side of 105
Notch pontic system 308
Notch-indexing method 61
Nutritional counselling 20
Nutritional deficiency 144, 150, 419
Nystatin 145
O
O'brien and Ryge stated 39
Obturators 168
Occlusal balance 106f
Occlusal calibration 161f
Occlusal contours, preparing 385
Occlusal discrepancy 138f
checking for 399
Occlusal force 233, 271
amount of 248
Occlusal groove concept, aligned 123
Occlusal harmony 138
Occlusal indicator wax 267
Occlusal line angles 384f
Occlusal material 440
Occlusal modification 160
Occlusal morphology 439
developing 385
Occlusal offset 337, 340
Occlusal overload 455
Occlusal plane 41, 118
correction of 181
evaluation of 126
level of 77, 127f
re-orientation of 152
Occlusal prematurity 161f
Occlusal reduction 328, 332, 332f, 336, 339, 346
Occlusal rest 208, 275
canine extension from 228
seat 355
triangular 209f
Occlusal rim 67, 68f, 254
controlling form of 67
customizing 77
fabrication of 67, 69, 263
inclinator 69
plane of 77
preformed 68, 69
preparing 263
requirements of 67
shape of 68
technique of fabrication of 68
types of 67
uses of 67
Occlusal scheme 113, 294
moderately compromised 294
Occlusal surface 1, 244, 303
evaluation of 126
Occlusion 112, 241, 311, 437
artificial 112
balanced 113, 114, 148
bilateral balanced 114
canine key of 123, 123f
choice of 439
closeness of 280
correction of 289
equilibration of 267
examination of 450
lateral balanced 114, 115
lingualized 108, 120, 120f
loss of 285
molar key of 123, 123f
neutrocentric concept of 112
non-balanced 119, 120
optimum vertical dimension of 25
organic concept of 112
plane of 42f, 118
relation of 439t
spherical concept of 112
theories of 95
trauma from 303
types of balanced 114
unilateral balanced 114
Occlusogingival height 106
Octadecanoic acid 131
Ocular implants 412
Old denture wearers 5
Olive oil 131
One-step technique 354
Onlay 182, 290
bone grafting 28
clasp 217, 217f
Open-mouth technique 29, 154, 154t
Optical surveyor 186
Optoelectronic jaw-tracking system 78
Oral cancer 145
Oral galvanism, symptoms of 12
Oral hygiene
considerations 270
maintain 222
status 167
Oral indices 450t
Oral irrigator 448, 449
Oral malignancy 7
Oral structures, response of 234
Oral surgical procedures 181
Orthodontic
correction 181
extrusion 436
implants 412
realignment 183
tooth movement 40, 409
treatment 313, 319
wires 374
Orthopantomogram 25
Osborne classification 174
Osmium implant 413
Osmotic pressure 12
Osseoconduction 416
Osseoinduction 416
Osseointegration 415417
adaptive 415
effect of
bioactive coatings on 420
biophysical stimulation on 421
bisphosphonate on 420
bone grafting on 421
drugs on 420
heparin on 421
osteogenic biological coatings on 420
simvastatin on 420
surface porosity on 419
warfarin on 421
effect of implant
diameter on 419
length on 419
surface macrogeometry on 419
surface microgeometry on 419
surface on 419
factors affecting 418
implant on 419
stages of 416
structure of 416
Osteoarthritis 6
Osteoclastic resorption, remodeling starts with 417
Osteoconduction 414
Osteogenic coatings 414
Osteogenic protein-1 420
Osteoinduction 414
Osteoporosis 147, 419
Osteotome 426, 426f
Osteotomy, instruments for 424
Oval facial forms 8f
Oven soldering 390
Overbite 124
Over-denture
abutment 150, 183
decrease 270
teeth, selecting 270
advantages of 166
diagnosis for 166
disadvantages of 166
indications for 166
treatment planning for 166
types of 167
P
Paddle boxing 59
method 60
Pagets disease of bone 409
Pain and infection, relief of 181
Palatal bar
anteroposterior 197
posterior 198
Palatal glands, secretion of 12
Palatal major connector, single broad 198, 198f
Palatal portion 381
Palatal seal, recording posterior 54, 57
Palatal secretion, factors affecting 12
Palatal sensitivity 14
Palatal strap 197
anteroposterior 199
Palatal surface, thickness of 136
Palatal throat form 14, 14f
classification of 14
Palatal vault morphology 17
Palate
complete 199
flat areas of 42
flat hard 14f
limited support from 198
paraesthesia of anterior 35
V shaped 14f
Palatogram 128
Pantographic tracing 92
Papillary hyperplasia 26f
removal of 25
Parallel blockout 191, 258, 258f
Paralleling pins 425
Parallelometer 186
Paratherm surveyor 185
Parathormone 147
Paresthesia 18
Parkinson's disease 6, 142
Parkinsonism produce muscle dysfunction 71
Parotid papilla 126
Partial denture 247, 266, 290
design of 248
extracoronal 169
fabricating treatment 279
fabrication of 257
fixed movable 348
fixed-fixed 347
framework 251
interim 278
mandibular 161
maxillary removable 254
parts of removable 175
permanent immediate 280
precision 253
relined 289
removable 166
support for 247
teeth-tissue supported 170
temporary 276
removable 169
transitional 276
treatment 279
vertical axis of 236f
Partial edentulism 409
classification system for 294
Partial over-denture, removable 269, 270
Partial veneer crown 300, 300f
modified 319
preparations for 338
Partially edentulous
arch, classification of 170
condition 172f
Pastes, pressure indicating 267
Patterson's method 89
Pear shaped pad 42
Pendulous hypermobile tissues, large 25
Pentamix® automated mixing unit 374
Peppermint 142
Percussion test 418, 449
Periapical pathology 303
Peri-implant
crevicular fluid 457
microflora 455
Peri-implantitis 454, 454t
pathogenesis of 454
risk factors for 455
Periodontal breakdown 400
Periodontal disease 150, 303, 455
Periodontal health 177, 311, 314
maintenance of 166
Periodontal ligament 445
area 315
fibers 445
Periodontal probe, measuring with 201
Periodontal status 167
Periodontal therapy 181
Periodontitis 11
Periodontium, preservation of 330
Periosteal elevators 424
Periotest 450
device 419f
value 418
Perlablast 262
Permanent cementation 362
Permanent prosthesis 350
Permanent splints 351
Petrolatum jelly 131
Petroleum naptha 131
Phonation 127
Phonetics 84, 127, 314
test 128
Phosphoric acid 396, 397
Photodynamic therapy 458
Physiodispenser 426
Physiodisper 426f
Physiologic basing 240
theory of 247
Pigments
extrinsic 408
intrinsic 408
Pilot drill 424
Pin 320
retention, types of 320
technique of placement of 320
Pin facing 307
modified 308
reverse 308
Pin modified three quarter crown 343
preparation of 343
Pindex system 381
Pinholes
parallel 320
preparation of 344
Pin-retained amalgam 296
Pin-retained restoration, impressions for 374
Placing retentive grooves 129
Planar occlusal reduction 337
Plaque control, poor 455
Plaque examination 450
Plasma arc welding 391
Plasma-sprayed surface 451
Plaster
and carborundum grind 86
and pumice boxing 59, 60
carborundum mix 90f
impression 29
Plastic
floaters 135f
materials 292, 312
wax pattern, preformed 257f
Platelet derived growth factor 414, 420
Platelet-rich fibrin, advanced 435
Plates
mounting 99
remounting 62
Platform-switch
design, based on 411
implants 411
Platinum
foil matrix technique 394
salt 406
Pleasure's concept 115
Pointing wires 206
Polished surface
contour of 42
evaluation of 126
Poly oxide methylene connector 446
Polyacrylic acid 396, 397
Polycarbonate 376
Polycythemia 9
vera 409
Polydimethylsiloxane, structure of 406f
Polydimethylvinyl siloxane copolymer 406
Polyether impression material 52
Polyetheretherketone 428, 436
Polyetheretherketone abutments 436
Polyethylene oxide polymers 141
Polymethyl methacrylate 49
Polymorphonuclear cells 455
Polyparaffin 142
Polyphosphazenes 407
Polystyrene 50
technique 50
Polyurethane elastomer 405
structure of 405f
Polyurethane memory foam 405f
Polyvinyl chloride 404
Polyvinylpyrrolidone 397
Polyvinylsioxane material 367f
Pontic 290, 301
articulated 308
clasp 308
classification of 304, 304t
custom-made 307
design of 302, 308
fabrication 386
facings, prefabricated 307
hidden attachment 308
hygienic 306
modification 308
multiple adjacent 446
occlusal load on 302
ovate 305, 305f
pattern, preformed 308
span, length of 446
special 308
wash-through 306
Poor dental care and hygiene 359
Poor tissue, dentures with 285f
Porcelain application 393
Porcelain denture teeth 264, 265
Porcelain labial margins 394
Porcelain teeth 3t, 230, 231
posterior 232f
Porcelain veneered crowns 331
Porcelain wax technique 394
Porphyromonas gingivalis 455, 458
Posselt's classification 98
Post-cementation instructions 400
Postceramic soldering
advantages of 390
disadvantages of 390
Post-dewaxing 134f
Posterior buccal vestibule, loss of 17
Posterior metal ceramic full veneer crowns, preparation of 335
Posterior palatal seal 53, 54
area 32, 55, 127, 155f
classification of 54
functions of 32
size of 54
Posterior teeth 103f, 124f, 165f, 264
arranging 266
form of 106
preparation 355
replacement 231
selection 106, 264
size of 106
try-in of 266
Postfiring modifications 359
Post-insertion care 271, 276
Post-pour technique 380
Post-tooth 264
Potassium
alginate 179
titanium fluoride 179
Potential complications 446
Pound's concept 119
Pound's formula 103
Pound's technique 56
Pouring cast 436, 437
Powder and liquid, mixing of 129, 131
Preceramic soldering
advantages of 390
disadvantage of 390
Precision drill 424
Prefabricated technique 352
Premolars 361
lingually tilted 327f
Pre-prosthetic mouth preparation 180
Pre-prosthetic procedures 174
Pre-prosthetic surgery 20, 29
Pressure adhesive tapes, types of 408
Pressure less method 87
Pressure method 87, 89
Pressure-sensitive adhesive 408
Prevotella intermedia 455, 458
Primary cast 174, 184
conditioning 45
finishing 45
tripoding 190
Primer liquid 397
Prominent buccal frenum, correction of 25
Prominent mylohyoid, management of 27
Prophylaxis
materials for 451
professional 451, 451t
Prosthesis 150, 350, 446
basic design of 296
checking for fit of 137
design of 270
dislodgment 453
final 375
insertion of 139, 267
maintenance of 139
nightwear of 139
removable 139, 247
retaining screws 325
support 317f
type of 439, 439t
Prosthetic complications 452
Prosthetic device 409
Prosthetic mouth preparation 175, 210, 243
Prosthetic techniques 442
Prosthodontic
care 20
status 167
Protrusive balance 115
occlusion 114
Protrusive movement 72, 95f
Protrusive position, maximum 75
Provisional restorations 361, 375377
limitations of 377
preformed 375
resin-based 376
Proximal grooves 339, 342, 344
Proximal half crown over second molar 319
Proximal plate 272, 273
modification 273
Pterygoid implants 412
Pterygomandibular raphe 35, 37, 37f
Pterygomaxillary seal 33
Pulmonary disease, uncontrolled 409
Pulp chamber, large 221
Pulpal health 314
assessment of 316
Pulpal necrosis 400
Pulsed oscillation waveform 418
Pumice wash 136
Putty consistency 449
Putty elastomer, half scoop of 334
Putty wash technique 371
Q
Quinn's pontic 308
R
Radial shoulder 330
finish line 330f
Radiation therapy 418
Radio-opacity 396
Ralph's boos 83
Rapid heat-polymerized resins 131
Rare earth magnets, properties of 40
Reciprocal arm 212f
Red band diamond 363
Re-establishing occlusion, methods of 289
Refitting denture, process of 158
Refractory cast 164f, 259
preparation of 257, 259
Refractory impression, sockets in 164f
Reinforced acrylic pontics 231, 232, 241
Reinforcing shellac trays 66
Reline technique D 156f
Relining and rebasing, contraindications for 152
Remaining teeth, periodontal support of 170
Removable partial denture 1, 169, 170, 205, 230, 233, 247, 248, 254, 262, 269, 271, 285, 286
bilateral 284
design 233
fabrication of 174, 257
functioning of 233
guide plane 271
I-bar 269, 271
indications for 169
master cast for 247
modified fixed 348
prosthodontics 169
rebasing of 286
repair of 287
RPI system 269
swing lock 269, 274
teeth-supported 169
types of 269
unilateral 269, 284
Remove fractured screw, methods to 453
Renal insufficiency 419
Residual alveolar ridge 13, 35, 37
Residual bone 18
Residual cement 455
Residual ridge 34, 291, 292
areas 59
class 293f
condition of 317
contour 302
morphology 17, 18
scheme 294
vertical height of 41
Residual ridge resorption 146, 147, 160
epidemiology of 148
management of 150
pathology of 148
rate of 149
treatment of 150
Resilient connection 446
Resin
cements 395, 397
chemical bonding of 356
core 321
denture teeth 265
high impact 131
mechanical bonding of 356
pattern fabrication 322
Resin bonded
bridges 296
prosthesis, design of 355
Resin bonded fixed partial denture 291, 301f
bonding of 356
design of posterior 355
fabrication of 355
types of 353
Resin veneer 292, 312, 394
pontics 386
Resin-to-tooth contact 270
Resin-veneered pontic 306
Resonance frequency analysis 450
Respiration 127
Rest and rest seats 208
Rest seat 209
preparation of 243, 245
Restoration 331
amount of 320
modified 320
regular screw-retained 440
temporary 441
Retained dentition, removal of 25
Retained roots, removal of 25
Retainer 169, 280, 300
component 383
placement of 320
type of 227, 300, 301
wax pattern 354
fabrication of 383
wing 309
Retaining screw 431
parts of 431
Retention
direct 236, 240, 241, 272
direct-indirect 228
evaluation of 126
factors affecting 213
force of 39
form 327
indirect 228, 238, 241, 273
loss of 152, 285
macroscopic 356
secondary 327
Retentive box 320
Retentive clasps 250
Retentive fulcrum line 226, 227f
Retentive undercuts, preparation of 243
Retraction cord 365
loop of 366f
Retromolar pad 35, 36
anterior two-thirds of 127f
area 126
posterior one-third of 127f
recording 58
Retromolar papilla 37
Retromylohyoid fossa 14, 36, 37f
Retruding mandible 86
method of 86
Reverse torque test 417
Rhein-83 222
attachment 222
Rheumatoid arthritis 419
Richwil crown 401
remover 401
Ridge augmentation 27, 292
procedures 20
Ridge contour 13, 13f, 19
Ridge defects 13, 19
treatment of 291, 292
Ridge lap pontic 304
modified 305
Ridge parallelism 13, 82
Ridge relation 13, 19, 82
Ridge saddle pontic 306
Ridge support, lack of 140
Ridge undercuts, removal of 27
Ridge with discrete spiny projections 27
Rigid connection 446
Rochette bridge 353, 353f
Rodyhouse 39
Roll test 178
Rolled wax technique 68, 69
Room temperature vulcanized 406
silicone 407
Root canal treated teeth 446, 451
Root configuration 315
Root form 305
Root length and form 311, 314
Root support 315
Rotchetto developed ceramic bonding 358
Rothermann attachment 222
Rothermann device 225
Rough implant surfaces 416f
RPA system 274
RPH system 274
RPI system 273
Rubber dam 364
Rubber reinforced acrylic 131
Ruddy complexion 9
Rugae support 228
S
S sound 137, 138
Saddle pontic 304
modified 306
Saliva 10, 11
and denture base 39f
and oral galvanism 12
and tissues 39f
composition of 11
ejector 364
in retention, role of 12
pharmacodynamics of 11
thickness of 39
viscosity of 39, 292, 312
Salivary gland orifices, major 11
Salivary substitutes 11
Samarium cobalt system 40
Sand paper finishing 136
Sanitary facings 307
Sanitary pontic, modified 306f
Sapphire implants 413
Saw-tooth 27
Scalpel blade 422
remover 423
Scalpel handle 423
Scanning technology 392t
Schultz 440
Schulze 39
Schwartz pontic 308
Scissor bite teeth 107
Scrap wax 60
Screw
fracture 453
head 431
loosening 452
loosening, factors influencing 452
tap 425
types of 225, 431
vs cement retained 448
Screw-retained
crowns and bridges 440
restorations, making 441
simple bridges 433
Sealing chimney 437
Sears's concept 115
Seating groove 333
Sectional denture designs
anterior replacements 283
posterior replacements 284
Seibert's onlay graft 292
Selective pressure
techniques 29
theory 29, 30
Selective pressure impression 29
making 52
technique 253
Semi-adjustable articulators 93, 96
Semiadjustable Hanau's ‘Arcon’ articulator 99f
Semilunar cingulum rest 209f
Senile-aged syndrome 5
Sensitive technique 354
Separate die system 380
Servo anchor 225
Setting incisal guidance 100
Setting up casting machine 388
Shallow condylar guidance 116f
Sharp tiny ridges, treatment of 27
Sharry's classification 98
Sharry's spacer design 47f
Sheffield's test 441
Shellac 62
base plate 65, 65f, 66
composition 47
technique 47
Shield tracing 76f
Short span bridges 296, 350
Shoulder 212, 329
finish line 329f
with bevel 330
Sickle cell 409
Silanated barium glass filler 397
Silanated silica filler 397
Silanated titanium oxide 397
Silica 396
Silicone 131, 405
and methyl chloride react 406
block copolymers 407
dioxide 142
duplicator 259
grades of 405
impression 29
prevents water contamination 131
prosthesis 406f
putty 158f, 334f
Siloxane bonds 406
Silverman's closest speaking space 84, 127
Silverman's technique 56
Simple cement-retained restorations, protocol for 433
Simple circlet clasp 215, 215f
Simple restorations, surgery for 434, 435
Simulate jaw movements 95
Single complete dentures 160
types of 161
Single implant restorations, prosthetic management of 442
Single missing canine, replacement of 316
Single missing molar, replacement of 317
Single mix putty wash technique 372
Single posterior palatal
bar 197, 197f, 198
strap 197f
Single step border molding 52
Single tray dual impression technique 254
Single unit restoration 437, 441
Sjögren's syndrome 144
Skin
bronzed 9
diseases of 6
Skinner's classification 174
Slicing away edentulous area 255f
Slidematic type 79
Sliding hammer 401
Sloping shoulder finish line 330f
Small round
bur 345f
diamond 342
Small wheel diamond 342
Smile
designing 296
simulation 297
Smile analysis 297
considerations for 359
Smoking 421
cessation protocol 409
tobacco 144
Smooth implant surfaces 416f
Sodium 179
borate 142
fluoride 396
phosphate 46, 131, 142, 179
silicate 131
Sodium alginate 46
reacts, soluble 46
solution 131
Soft curing resins 62
Soft palate 14, 19, 55f
classification of 14
morphology of 14
Soft soaps 131
Soft tissue
and teeth 298
assessment 450
covering edentulous ridge, quality of 248
covering ridge, quality of 41
interface, implant without 415f
interferences, removal of 25
management 364, 435
surgical 435
mask 436, 437
models 437
molding 443
indications of 435
procedures 25
reaction 26
Solder
composition of 389
requirements of 389
Soldering 389
flux 390
investment 390
technique 262, 391
types of 390
Spacer functions 46
Span, length of 296
Spark erosion 441
Special acrylic repair fibres 288
Special tray, fabrication of 45, 47
Spectrophotometer 407
Speech 9, 76, 82, 127, 137
evaluation 10
factors affecting 127
sounds, classification of 127
Spherical theory articulators 95
Spheroidal pontics, modified 305
Splint
bilateral 350, 351f
classification of 350
purpose of 350
secondary purpose of 350
temporary 351
unilateral 350, 351f
Split pontic connectors 309
Split post-denture attachment 284
Spoon denture 280, 281f
Sprinkle-on technique 49, 62
Sprue
design 387
diameter 387
former 261f, 387
Spruing
types of 261
wax pattern 387
Squint test 105, 106f
Stable aqua regia gel, use of 354
Stainless steel implants 413
Stannic oxide 396
Stannous fluoride 396
Starch 46
Static methods 154
Stearic acid 131
Steele's Siqveland matrix band 402f
Steep incisal guidance 119
Stephen's law 39
Stern goldsmith attachment 221, 225
Sticky wax method 60
Stippling 125
Stock tray impression 29
Stomatitis, denture induced 144
Stone-mold dough technique 62
Stoppers, placement of 46
Storing trays 51
Straight dowel pin systems 380
Straumann roxolid implant 420
Streptococcus mutans 458
Stress
breaker 239, 240f, 248
compressive 349
directing concept 239
director 239
equalization 239
shielding 438
tensile 349
Stress-bearing areas 253
primary 31
secondary 31
Stressograph 185
Strontium 396
aluminofluoride glass 397
fluoride 397
Strut configuration 238
Sublingual bar 201, 203
major connector 204f
Submandibular salivary gland 37f
Subperiosteal implants 409
Suction chambers 41
Suction devices 364
Suction disks 41
Sulfonamides 458
Supporting bone, nature of 439
Supporting tooth surface, effectiveness of 227
Supragingival margins, advantages of 360
Surgical crown lengthening, technique for 370
Surgical guide template 325
Surgical kit drill design 424
Surgical splints 280
liners in 139
Surveying ceramic veneer crowns 191
Surveying platform 186, 186f
Surveying soft tissue contour 189
Surveyor
types of 185
uses of 188
Svedopter 364
disadvantages of 364
Swallowing technique 127
Swallowing threshold 85
Swenson's classification 174
Swenson's technique 56, 160
Swing lock
framework, metal for 275
labial bar 204
indications of 204
partial denture 275f
fabrication of 275
Synthetic collagen 435
T
T clasp 219, 219f
modified 219, 219f
Tacky liquid 257f
Tactile
sensation 82
sense 85, 87
method 127
Tantalum implants 413
Tapered pin 310f
Tapering fissure diamond 327
Tardive dyskinesia 142
Tartaric acid 397
Tear strength, excellent 406
Technical complications 446
Teeth 81, 317f
addition of 277, 278f
and denture base 232
and description 107, 108, 109, 110
and implant-supported prosthesis, guidelines for 446
and profile, harmony of 126
arbitrary trimming of 165f
arrangement of 123
buccal surfaces of 268f
cervical
area of 125f
margin of 159f
channel 107
close relatives 102
condition of 315
contact, phase of 76
contour of 182f, 243f
cross blade 108
curved cusp posterior 108
cuspless 111
cutting 280
extraction of 164, 164f
fitting 262
forces acting on 357
form of 106
implant supported prosthesis 445, 446
intercuspating posterior 266
labial surfaces of 334f
lingual surfaces of 202f, 268f, 334f
location of 315
loss, consequence of 177
maxillary 7
morphology of 2
movement towards 226
occlusal surface of 268f, 339f
opposing 293, 317
wax, chewing by 86
outline 298
plastic 231
position of 315
posterior end of 283
preparation, minimal 319f
protection of 271
removal of unerupted 25
reshaping 181
ridge lap portions of 130
selection of 101, 102, 112, 264
semianatomic 111, 111f
shape 104f
splinting weakened 181
support for weakened 183
surface treatment of 362
surveying 189
to ridge relation 124
tube 231, 232f, 241
type of opposing 312
Teeth arrangement 41, 138f
pounds concept of 120f
wax-up following 129f
Teeth borne
nesbit dentures 283
part 282
Teeth forms
special 112
types of posterior 107t
Teeth preparation 327, 352, 359
after 378f
incomplete 357
path of insertion 319f
principles of 327, 355
Teeth proportion
determining 298f
measuring 297
Teeth replacement 230
immediate 170
selection of 270
Teeth structure
preservation of 301, 327
removal of 333f
Teeth supported
conventional complete overdenture, clinical procedure for 167
immediate insertion complete overdenture, clinical procedure for 167
overdentures 166
segments 244
Teeth surface
preparation of 399
replica of 59
Telescopic coping 319, 351
Telescopic crown 301f, 313, 319f
Telescopic retainers 300
Template techniques 29
Temporary denture base, fabrication of 263
Temporary materials
composite-based 378
long-term 378
Temporary obturator 139, 140
Temporary restorations
long-term 376
reinsertion of 444
short-term 376
Temporomandibular joint 70, 70f, 94
examination 9
function of 70
movements 18
Tenon mortise connectors 309, 309f
Tension test 178
Tetracycline 458
Thalassemia
alpha 409
beta 409
Thermal conductivity 230
Thermoplastic resin denture bases
advantages of 64
disadvantages of 65
Thermoplastic resins 50, 62, 64
Thermoset urethane elastomers 405
Thiokol rubber impression 29
Third molar
medially tilted 319f
mesial reduction of 319
Thomas’ classification 98
Throat form
class I deep lateral 15f
class II moderate lateral 15f
class III shallow lateral 15f
lateral 14
proportion of lateral 14
Thrombocytopenic purpura 409
Thyroxine hormone levels 147
Tilted molar, inclination of 319
Tin foil 46, 130, 131
Tin-plating 356
TiO blast 420
Tissue
borne part 282
contact 127
healing, adjuncts for 140
hyperplastic 13, 19
irritated 181
level implants 411
movement towards 226
punch 423, 423f
redundant 13
stops 207
surface 156
treatment 139
Tissue conditioner 20, 25, 139, 279
advantages of 141t
composition of 139
disadvantages of 141t
material 156
uses of 139
Titanium
alloys 412
coated 413
oxide 49, 451
plasma sprayed 456
retaining screw 432f
zirconium implants 413
Titanium temporary abutments 429
types of 429
Tongue 15, 126
shape 16
sizes 16
Tongue position 16, 19, 128
abnormal 138f
normal 138f
Tongue-tie, hypertrophic 25
Torch soldering 390
Tori 15, 19, 27f
Torpedo bur 332
Torque value, removal 417
Torque wrench 427
Torus mandibularis 35, 37
Transitional flap vestibuloplasty 26
Transmucosal extension 427, 427f
Transosteal implants 410
Trapozzano's concept 115
Tray
closed 436
open 436
selection 436
special 436
Trial denture
base 139
contours of 124
preparation of 129
try-in of 175, 266
Tribochemistry 442
Trimethoprim 458
Trimming cast 165f, 255
Trimming diagnostic cast 179
Triple tray technique 373f
Tripod configuration 237
True hinge axis 80
Tübingen aluminum ceramic implant 414
Tungsten inert gas welding 391
Tyson's concept 38
U
U shaped palate 14f
Ulcer 25
traumatic 145
Ultrasonic cleaner 139
Universal switching implant 412
Upper flask half 134
U-shaped frame 78, 79f
V
Vacuum-formed
chamber 50
vinyl 50
Vegetable gums 141
Velar sounds 128, 138
Veneer debonding 454
Verification jigs 437
Vertical minor connector, location of 194
Vestibuloplasty 20, 26
Videofluoroscopy 76
Vinyl methyl ether 141
Vinyl polymers 404
Virginia bridge 354, 354f
Visible light cure 156
acrylic resin 62
Visor osteotomy 27
Vitamin 146
Vitreous carbon implants 414
VRHR clasp 218
V-Y advancement technique 25
W
Warfarin 418
Water absorption 142
Wax 387
beading and boxing 59
buff, buffing with 125
chimney 436
cones 385f
confined dough technique 62, 63
elimination 388
former 69
impression 29
knife 187
occlusal rims 67
residue after dewaxing, elimination of 130f
sleeves 325
surface 253
Wax base plate 65
advantages of 65
Wax pattern 163
fabrication of 380, 382, 386, 387
light cured 260
types of 257t
Wax-up 257
methods of 260
predictable 299
procedure 257
and casting 440
Wearing complete dentures
direct sequelae of 144
indirect sequelae of 150
Weighing alloy 389
Weinberg's classification 98
Welding, types of 391
White and pink aesthetic evaluation 298
Will's surveyor 185, 185f
Wilson's curve, compensating curve for 119
Winkler's classification 5
Winkler's concept 103
Woven bone formation 416
Wright's classification 16
Wright's tongue 16f
X
Xantham acacia 141
Xerostomia 18, 142, 144, 146, 291
Y
Y clasp 219, 220f
Yawning 71, 76
Yurkstas technique 160
Z
ZA anchor system 281, 282f
Zeiser system 382
Zest anchor device 223, 224, 224f
Zhu's classification 14
Zinc
oxide 49, 179, 395, 396
phosphate cement 395
silicophosphate cements 395, 396
Zinc oxide eugenol
cement 359, 395
impression
materials 62
paste 54, 66
Zirconia
framework 441
implants 413
temporary abutments 429
ZnOE mixtures, modified 396
Znoe paste 46
Z-plasty technique 25
Zuckermans circle 328
Zygoma implants 412
×
Chapter Notes

Save Clear


Essentals of Prosthodontics
Essentials of Prosthodontics
Deepak Nallaswamy Veeraiyan BDS MDS MS (Prosthodontics) (University of Toronto) MDP (Harvard University) Director of Academics (Saveetha University) Professor, Department of Prosthodontics Saveetha Dental College Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
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© 2024, Copyright reserved by Dr Deepak Nallaswamy Veeraiyan
The views and opinions expressed in this book are solely those of the original contributor(s)/author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of editor(s) and publisher of the book.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission in writing of the publishers.
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Medical knowledge and practice change constantly. This book is designed to provide accurate, authoritative information about the subject matter in question. However, readers are advised to check the most current information available on procedures included and check information from the manufacturer of each product to be administered, to verify the recommended dose, formula, method and duration of administration, adverse effects and contraindications. It is the responsibility of the practitioner to take all appropriate safety precautions. Neither the publisher nor the author(s)/editor(s) assume any liability for any injury and/or damage to persons or property arising from or related to use of material in this book.
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Essentials of Prosthodontics
First Edition: 2024
9789354658198
Printed at
To the Pillars of My Being, this Book I Dedicate,
In Verses Fair and Tender, Allow me to Articulate:
To Dr Veeraiyan, My Father, Wisdom's Guiding Star,
Your Teachings and Your Love Shaped Who We Are.
To Saraswathy Veeraiyan, My Mother, My Heart's Sweet Tune,
Nurturer of My Dreams, My Sun and My Moon.
To Dr Ramya Mohan, My Wife, My Life's Graceful Dance,
In Your Eyes I Find Love, In Your Smile, Romance.
To Vishvanth D Veeraiyan, My Son, My Hope and Pride,
In Your Courage and Your Dreams, I Take a Joyful Ride.
To Athena D Veeraiyan, My Daughter, Sparkling Gem so Bright,
Your Laughter Fills My Days, Your Love Warms My Nights.
To Saveetha, My Sister, and Family Ever Dear,
Your Support and Your Faith Make My Pathway Clear.
In the Garden of My Life, You're the Blooms That Glow,
This Work is but a Petal in the Love You Bestow.
With Pen and Heart Aflutter, These Words to You I Send,
In Every Page and Chapter, You're the Love That Knows No End.
Contributors PREFACE
In the intricate and demanding field of prosthodontics, where precision, creativity, and understanding converge, mastering the foundational knowledge is paramount. Recognizing the complexity that often comes with comprehensive textbooks, the decision to create a concise and accessible book emerged from the need to cater to the budding aspirations of undergraduate dental students.
With great pleasure, I introduce the Essentials of Prosthodontics. This book is not merely a reduction of a textbook; it's a careful distillation, preserving the richness of content while making it more approachable and applicable.
My vision is to provide a resource that translates the complexity of prosthodontics into an easier-to-read package without losing the depth of knowledge required. This book embodies that vision, offering a bridge between comprehensive theory and practical application.
Designed explicitly for undergraduate dental students, this book has become a companion for the journey from classroom learning to clinical practice. It filters essential concepts, techniques, and applications from extensive textbooks, molding them into a digestible format that aligns with the needs and pace of today's learners.
What sets this book apart is its thoughtful organization, concise explanations, and reader-friendly layout. Each section is meticulously crafted to provide an in-depth understanding, while the presentation ensures that the material is neither intimidating nor overwhelming. In essence, it brings the expansive world of prosthodontics within reach of those who are laying the foundation for their professional careers.
I hope that this book serves as both a beacon and a tool, guiding and equipping the next generation of dental professionals. My insights and dedication infused into its pages, this resource aims to inspire, instruct, and illuminate the path for those venturing into the exciting realm of prosthodontics.
Welcome to a world where learning is simplified, yet profound, where a complex discipline becomes more attainable, and where the essence of prosthodontics is brought to life in the hands of the future.
Deepak Nallaswamy Veeraiyan
Acknowledgments
I feel a profound sense of gratitude and must extend my sincere appreciation to many individuals who were vital in making this book a reality. To my friends and family, the backbone of this journey, your steadfast support, encouragement, and empathy have been my constant allies. The strength you have infused during the difficult times, the joy you've shared in our successes, and your ceaseless love and presence have rendered this journey not merely feasible but deeply rewarding. I am indebted to Saveetha Dental College, the nurturing ground for this project. The college's unwavering commitment to excellence, innovation, and learning has served as a beacon, furnishing the conducive environment and essential resources for this book to take shape. The synergy and inspiration derived from faculty, staff, and colleagues epitomize the highest academic collaboration and achievement. I would be remiss if I did not recognize the Almighty's pervasive grace and guidance throughout this endeavor. The timely fulfillment of this work transcends mere human capacity and resonates with a divine orchestration. With humble recognition and awe, I attribute our success to the invisible force that has directed, sustained, and blessed our efforts from the beginning to the end. May this book be a purposeful and treasured resource for those delving into prosthodontics. The essence of all who contributed will forever echo within its confines, and for this, my gratitude is boundless.
The book's genesis has been a path strewn with obstacles and victories, demanding an amalgamation of commitment, skill, and cooperation. Many have lent their hands, but special thanks must be directed towards Dr Neeharika, a crucial catalyst in achieving this monumental task. Dr Neeha's precision in coordinating and shaping the content has not merely facilitated our work but heightened its caliber. Her discerning insights into honing and fine-tuning the material, tailored to the undergraduate dental students’ requirements, have been priceless. Her tireless diligence transformed our content into an aesthetically pleasing and easily accessible format, mirroring the quintessence of prosthodontics without sacrificing academic integrity. The harmonious blend of substance, form, and functionality bears testimony to her reflective prowess and unwavering dedication. Dr Neeha's commitment to adhering to our timelines, all the while ensuring the utmost quality, has been extraordinary and decisive. To Dr Neeha, my earnest thanks are extended. Your collaboration has been a fount of motivation, and your input has etched an indelible mark on this book. Your work is a symbol of your professional acumen, intellectual brilliance, and zeal for learning. You've transformed a concept into an authentic tool that will unquestionably enhance the academic journey for many.
Deepak Nallaswamy Veeraiyan