Dr Sunil’s One Page Solutions for General Practice K Sunil Ravinder Paul
INDEX
A
Abacavir 63
Abdominal distension 64
Abdominal pain 127, 225
acute 227
differential diagnosis 226
chronic 228
Abdominal paracentesis tapping 375
Abortion 277
medical abortion 277
surgical abortion 277
Abscess 64, 168, 394
aspiration 375
brain 386
Brodies 306
cold 78
nonlactational 166
peritonsillar 212, 322, 323
Abstain 203
Acanthosis nigricans 195
Acebrophylline 316
Aceclan 131
Aceclofenac 107, 131
Acetaminophen 154, 419
Acetic acid 143
Acetylcysteine 154
Acid
prophylaxis 373
suppression 239
Acidosis 28
Acne 195
inflammatory 195
rosacea 196
vulgaris 205, 211
differential diagnosis of 205
Actinic keratosis 212
Acupressure 60
Acupuncture 60, 126
Acute coronary syndrome 135, 178
Acute respiratory distress syndrome 100
Acute unilateral painful edema, etiology of 45
Acyclovir 61, 121, 264, 419
Adenoma 332
Adenosine 406
Adrenal crisis 103
Adrenal insufficiency, acute 103
Adrenaline 8, 369, 404, 406, 411
injections and infusions 408
dose 408
indications 408
Advanced cardiac life support 160, 370
Advanced cardiovascular life support 403
Advanced trauma life support 158
classification 97
Aeromonas 235
Agitation 311
Airway
and breathing 136
obstruction 156
protect 74
Alanine aminotransferase 454
Albendazole 3, 253, 397
Albumin 428
excretion, abnormalities in 18
Albuminuria 460
Alcohol
intake 183
type 88
Aldosterone 177
antagonist 176, 178
Alfuzosin 254
Alkaline phosphatase 454
Allen's test 345
Allergic dermatitis 398
Allergic reaction 54, 403, 404
Allergic rhinitis, treatment of 214
Allopurinol 202
Alopecia areata 196, 209
Alpha blockers 69, 112
Alpha hemolytic streptococci 376
Alpha-glucosidase inhibitor 34
Alprax 65
Alprazolam 65, 75, 279, 309
Amikacin 115
Amiloride 178
Amine precursor 334
Aminopenicillins 202
Aminophylline 406, 422
infusion 409
Amiodarone 328, 406, 420
Amitriptyline 61, 75, 84, 200, 310
Amlodipine 69, 70, 420
Amoxclav 106
Amoxicillin 6, 115, 239
Amrinone 407
Anabolic steroids 251
Anaerobes
bacteria 382
predominate 376
Anal fissure 229
acute 229
chronic 229
etiology 229
Analgesic 373, 403
ladder 133
Anaphylactic shock 102
clinical features 102
etiology 102
treatment 102
Anaphylaxis 28, 385, 403, 404
Anastomoses, stoma of 237
Ancylostoma duodenale 397
Anemia 1
blood transfusion in 3
etiology of 1, 2
family history of 3
pernicious 1
treatment of 2
Anesthesia 368, 374
infiltration 369
laryngeal mask 74
topical 371
types of 368
Aneurysms 347
classification 348
Angina 173
pectoris 70, 178
unstable 183
Angioedema 385
Angiotensin-ii receptor blockers 68
Animal bite 6, 55, 138
wound, treatment of 6
Ankylosing spondylitis 353
Ann Arbor classification 80
Anorectal discharge 265
Anorexia 50
and weight loss 4
red flags 4
treatment 5
Antecubital fossae, dermatoses of 207
Anthracyclines 422
Anthrax 357, 358
Antibiotic 377, 383, 385
actions, barriers to 383
dilution 383
dosage 380
groups 385
prophylaxis 141
resistance 383
spectrum of 381
treatment, duration of 384
Anticardiolipin antibodies 354
Anticholinergics 373
Anticoagulants 9
for deep vein thrombosis 406
Antidiabetic agent 34
Antidote 154, 406
Antiemetics 134, 373, 403
Antifungal medicine 414
Antifungal treatment 194
Antihypertensive agent 420, 421
Antimicrosomal antibodies 354
Antioxidants 88, 432
Antiphospholipid syndrome 353
Antiplatelet 8, 181
restart 8
Antipyretics 403
Antirheumatic drugs, disease modifying 297
Antiseptics 435
Antisnake venom, indications for 139
Antispasmodics 403
Antiviral drugs 382
dosage 382
Anxiety 308, 311
diagnosis 308
treatment 308
Anxiolytics 373
Aortic dissection 152, 170, 174
Aphthous stomatitis, recurrent 189
Aphthous ulcers 189, 217
diagnosis 217
differential diagnosis 189
etiology 189, 217
investigations 189
treatment 190, 218
Apixaban 9
Appendicectomy 436
Appendicitis 230
acute 230
diagnosis 230
differential diagnosis of 231
investigations 230
scoring 230
treatment 231
Appetite stimulants 433
Arm
dermatoses of 207
edema 45
Arrhythmias 112
Arsenic 154
Arterial carbon dioxide pressure 156
Arterial disease, peripheral 341
Arterial insufficiency 396
Arterial occlusion, acute 342
Arterial oxygen pressure 156
Arthritis 292, 294, 469
acute 292, 294
chronic 294
comparison of 293
etiology 292
seronegative 295
Arthropathy 40
Artificial blood 14
Artificial insemination donor 259
Ascariasis 355
Ascitic fluid
analysis 463
cell count 464
inspection 463
infection categorization 464
Aspartate transaminase 354
Aspirin 8, 181, 420
Asthma 313, 314, 317
acute 317
intermittent 316
persistent
mild 316
moderate 316
severe 316
Atenolol 69, 152
Atherosclerosis 341, 343
investigations 341
Athletes foot 202
Atopic dermatitis 208
diagnosis of 205
Atorvastatin 43, 180
Atraumatic needles 375
Atrial fibrillation 365
Atropine 154, 373, 374, 404, 411
infusion 407
Autoimmune
bullous disorders 202
disease 16, 353, 469
hemolysis 3
orchitis 262
thyroiditis 328
Autologous serum therapy 204
Autonomic nervous disorders 111
Autonomic signs 185
Avian influenza 357
Avulsed tooth 55
Axillary hairs 198
Azaprine 309
Azelaic acid 196, 202
Azithromycin 106, 196, 285, 320
Aztreonam 397
B
Bacteria
atypical 382
classification of 376
Bacterial arthritis, suspected 293
Bacterial vaginosis 285
Balanced diet daily 87
Baldness, treatment 197
Banned drugs 423
side effects 423
used for 423
Barbiturates 112, 154
Basal cell carcinoma 362
Basal insulin 36
Basic life support 160
Basophil 449
B-complex and minerals 432
Beclomethasone 315
Bed sore 117
Bee sting 55
Beef tapeworm 397
Behavior therapy 92
Bell's palsy 5
clinical features 5
etiology 5
investigations 5
treatment 5
Benign breast lumps
natural history of 163
treatment of 164
Benign positional vertigo, diagnosis of 123
Benzalkonium cream 198
Benzodiazepine 64, 112, 154, 309
Benzoyl
peroxidase 198
peroxide 196
Beta blockers 69, 154, 176, 177, 181, 309, 336
Betahistine 122
Betamethasone 398
valerate 205
Biguanides 35
Bilastine 203
Bile acid sequestrants 43
Biopsy 78, 168, 218, 478
excision 479
incision 479
types of 478, 479
Bioterrorism 355, 358
Bisoprolol 69, 177
Bisphosphonates 134
Bitter taste
etiology 190
treatment 190
Black fever 356, 357
Bladder
carcinoma in situ of 270
stone 275
Blastocystis 235
Bleeding 7, 55, 405
diathesis 9
etiology 7
examination 8
external 98
gums 190
etiology 190
treatment 190
nose 55
place of 98
postoperative 98
red flags 7
site of 148
stop 8
tendency 9
Blepharitis 222
Blood
and blood transfusion 10
and urine tests 160
component 10, 11
transfusion, indications for 12
composition 10
conservation 13
fractions 10, 11
glucose level, self-monitored 32
group 10, 11
loss 405
substitutes 14
supply assessment 255
test 53, 168
volume loss 97
Blood pressure 66
investigations 67
staging of 67
systolic 71
treatment 68
Blood sugar
fasting 31
levels 31
random 31, 136
Blood transfusion
complications 12
prevention of 13
methods to reduce 13
reactions, treatment of 12
Blue nevus 210
Body odor, treatment 197
Body ringworm 203
Bone
and joint 397
healing 142
pain, chronic 286
Borrelia vincentii 188
Botulism 358
Bowel resection 436
Boyd's grading 344
Brachial plexitis 130
Bradycardia 139
Brain 355
attack, acute 29
damage, prevention of 23
death, criteria for 151
injury
secondary 149
treatment 150
Brainstem reflexes 151
Breast 162, 469
cysts 168
infections 166
support garments 163
Breast abscess 166
treatment 166
Breast cancer 164
clinical features 165
diagnosis 165
risk factors 164
screening 165
treatment 165
types of 165
Breast lumps 163
investigations 164
Breast pain 162
chart, maintain 162
Breath malodor 192
Breathing 159
difficulty 26
Breathlessness 170
Bromocriptine 163, 279
Bronchial asthma 398
Bronchitis 394
Bronchodilators 316, 413
Bronchospasm 71, 74
exercise-induced 316
Bronchospastic disease 70
Brucellosis 357
Budesonide 315
turbuhaler 315
Buerger's disease 343, 345
Bulk laxative 233
Bullous pemphigoid 202
Bumetanide 177
Bupivacaine 368, 369
Bupropion 84, 104
Burn 135
chemical 55
classification of 135
complications of 137
electrical 137
estimation of 135
pathophysiology of 135
respiratory 137
size and depth of 136
treatment 136
types of 135
unit, indications for 136
wound 55
treatment of 136
Burning building 56
Burning mouth syndrome 191
etiology 191
treatment 191
Buserelin 279
Buspirone 84
Bywaters syndrome 304
C
Caffeine 154
Calamine lotion 121
Calcipotriol 195
Calcitonin 334
Calcium
channel blockers 69
gluconate 407
metabolism 340
stones 271, 273
tablet 432
Calculation of body mass index 90
Calicivirus 235
Callus 206
Calpol 58, 131
Campylobacter 235, 357
jejuni 376
Cancer 333, 359
detect 359
etiology 359
investigations for 359
staging of 360
treatment of 361
Cancrum oris, spread of 188
Candida albicans 285, 376
Candidiasis 209
treatment of 197
Capreomycin 115
Capsaicin 41, 132
patch 126
Captopril 177
Carbamate 154
Carbamazepine 61, 132
Carbohydrates 42
Carbon
dioxide laser 195
monoxide 154
Carcinoma 168, 188
oral cavity, staging of 219, 360
Carcinoma tongue 220
clinical features 220
investigations 220
treatment of 221
Cardiac arrest 156, 157, 160
Cardiac chest pain, ischemic 172
Cardiac enzymes 178, 180
Cardiac stress tests 182
Cardiogenic shock 103, 404
etiology 103
investigations 103
type 103
Cardiology 469
Cardiopulmonary emergency 404
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation 144, 160
Cardiovascular agent 420, 421
Cardiovascular changes 430
Cardiovascular system 369, 403
Carmustine 422
Carotid angiogram 347
Carotid arteriogram 347
Carotid artery
disease 347
stenosis 347
Carpal tunnel syndrome 130
Carvedilol 69, 177
Cast, type of 461
Cavernous venous thrombosis 396
Cefadrox 106
Cefadroxil 106, 320
Cefazolin 106
Cefixime 266, 285
Cefoperazone 397
sulbactam 38
Ceftazidime 397
Ceftriaxone 49
Cefuroxime axetil 320
Celiac disease 353
Cellulitis 14, 105
clinical features 14
complications 14
differential diagnosis 15
investigations 15
recurrent 393
treatment 15
Centchroman 163
Central femoral joint arthritis 298
Central nervous system 184, 366, 386, 406
dysfunction of 159
Central venous pressure 375
Cephalexin 320
Cephalosporins 202
dosage 378
spectrum of 379
Cereals 87
Cerebrospinal fluid 114
analysis 466
Cervical 395
etiology 292
nodes, drainage area of 77
radiculopathy 129
rib 346
Cervical pain 291
examination 292
red flags 291
Cervical-spine immobilization 158
Cervicitis 285
Cetirizine 203
Chagas disease 355
Charcoal, activated 154
Charcot arthropathy 40
Chemical peeling 195
Chest pain 172
cardiac causes 173
differential diagnosis of 180
gastrointestinal causes 174
noncardiac causes 172
Chickenpox 120, 393
Chikungunya 49, 50, 355, 357
Chlamydia 325
trachomatis 265
Chloasma 200
Chlordiazepoxide 309
Chlorhexidine washes 198
Chloroquine 396
Chlorpheniramine 200
maleate 203, 405
Chlorpromazine 64, 251
Chlorthalidone 69, 70
hydrochlorothiazide 177
Chlorzoxazone 107, 132
Choking 55
Cholecystectomy 436
Cholera vaccine 119
Cholestasis 251
markers of 453
Cholesterol 41
absorption inhibitor 43
Cholestyramine 43
Cholinergic agent 233
Cholinergic symptoms 152
Cholinesterase inhibitors 154
Chondromalacia patella 298
pain of 298
Chronic kidney disease 15, 17
complications 19
dialysis 19
diet 19, 20
etiology 17
stages of 17
treatment of 18
Chronic lower limb ischemia, etiology of 343
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 313, 314, 365
Cilnidipine 69
Cilostazol 344
Cinnarizine 122
Ciproflox 254
Ciprofloxacin 320
Cisplatin 422
Citalopram 310
Clarithromycin 106, 115, 239, 320
Clavulanate 115
Clavulanic acid 6, 397
Clindamycin 38, 106, 196, 397
Clobetasol propionate 201, 205
Clofazimine 115
Clomipramine 260
Clopidogrel 8, 180, 420
Clostridium
difficile 235
species 376
Clotrimazole 203
paint 194
Cloxacillin 106
Coagulation tests 456
Coamoxiclav 251
Codeine 131
Cognitive behavioral therapy 126
Cognitive restructuring 92
Colchicine 198
Cold compress 422
Colesevelam 43
Collapse, causes for 111
Colloid 72, 425
composition of 426
nodule 330
Colonoscopy 231
Coma 21
etiology 22
physical examination 22
Commensal microbial flora 376
Common cold 24, 49
Communication 441, 442
channels of 441
modes of 441
types of 441
Compartment syndrome 304
Complete blood count 447
Compression syndromes 130
Confusional state, acute 29
Congestive cardiac failure 404
Congestive heart failure 366, 404
Conjunctivitis 222
Connective tissue disease 353, 469
investigations 354
mixed 353
Conscious sedation 372
advantages 372
disadvantages 372
drug in 185
monitoring 372
Consciousness, loss of 111
Constipation 231
alarm symptoms 231
chronic primary 366
complications 232
etiology 232
investigations 232
physical examination 232
red flags 231
treatment 233
Contact dermatitis, diagnosis of 205
Contraception 277
drugs 277
method 277
Coombs test 3
Copper
containing intrauterine device 277
sulfate 154
Core needle biopsy 169, 375
Coronary angiogram 180
Coronary artery disease 179, 183
Coronary heart disease 339
Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) 357, 358
Correct lifting techniques 291
Corticosteroid 134, 398
inhaled 315, 316
injections 60
Cortisone 398
Corynebacterium 201
minutissimum 198
Coryneform bacilli 376
Cough 317
acute 318
chronic 319
expectorants 319
investigations 319
suppressants 319
treatment 319
Coumadin 154
Cracks on soles 24
etiology 24
treatment 24
Creatinine 136
phosphokinase 456
Crisis Management Committee, role of 446
Crisis
dealing with 445
prevent 445
reaction to 445
reasons for 445
Critically ill patient 25
assessment 27
evaluation of 25
treatment 28
Crohn's disease 353
Cruris 202
Crush syndrome 304
Cryptosporidiosis 235
Crystalloids 72, 425
composition of 425
Cubital tunnel syndrome 130
Culdocentesis 375
Curare 155
Curling's ulcer 117
Cushing's ulcer 117
Cutting needle 375
Cyanide 155
poisoning 155
Cyclical mastalgia 162
pathophysiology of 162
Cyclophosphamide 422
Cycloserine 115
Cyclosporiasis 235
Cyproheptadine 204
Cysticercosis 355
Cystine stones 273
Cysts, superficial 399
Cytomegalovirus 454
Cytoplasmic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies 354
Cytoprotective agents 239
Cytotoxic drugs, extravasation of 422
Cytotoxins 138
D
Dabigatran 9
Dacarbazine 422
Dairy products 87
Dakin's solution 143
Danazol 163, 279
Dandruff, treatment of 197
Dapoxetine 260
Dapsone 196, 198
Darifenacin 270
de Quervain's tenosynovitis 131
Decarboxylation 334
Decubitus ulcer 117
Deep subcutaneous injection 372
Deep vein thrombosis 350
complications 351
prevention of 351
treatment of 351
Deflazacort 398
Delirium 29, 145, 311
etiology 30
history and clues 30
red flags 29
treatment 30
Dementia 366
Dengue 49, 50, 355, 357
Depression 309, 366
diagnosis 309
medicines 412
treatment 310
Dermatitis, perioral 211
Dermatology, steroids in 205
Dermatomyositis 353
Desmopressin 8
Deworm 3
Dexamethasone 64, 84, 398, 405, 407
Dextropropoxyphene 131
Dextrose 411
Diabetes 470
related complications 33
screening 32
Diabetes mellitus 31, 41, 405, 454
complications 33
diagnosis of 31
investigations 34
red flags 31
treatment 34, 35
types of 31
Diabetic foot 37, 470
complications 38
etiology 38
infection, treatment for 40
investigations 38
red flags 37
signs 38
symptoms 38
treatment 38
Diabetic ketoacidosis 146
signs 146
symptoms 146
Diabetic neuropathy 40
Diabetic sensorimotor neuropathy 40
Diaphoresis 311
Diarrhea 234
acute 234
after eating 236
chronic 236
causes of 237
classification 234
management 234
Diathermy 8
Diazepam 132, 185, 309, 373, 402, 407
Diclofenac 107, 131
Diclofenac gel 126, 163
Dicyclomine 133
Didanosine 63
Dietary cholesterol 42
Diethyl carbamazepine citrate 396
Diethylcarbamazine citrate 397
Differential cell count 466
Digestive enzymes 433
Digitalis 155
therapy 429
Digoxin 176, 177, 407
Diltiazem 69, 402, 407
Dimenhydrinate 84
Dimercaprol 154
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor 34
Dipropionate 315
Direct antiglobulin test 3
Discoid lupus erythematosus 208
Disinfection 435
Dix–Hallpike maneuver 123
Dizziness 121
Dobutamine 402, 404
infusion 410
powder 407
Docetaxel 422
Doctor's kit 411
Doctor's prescription 480
Doctor-patient relationship 443
Dolo 131
Domperidone 84
Dopamine 402, 404
antagonist 163
infusion 409
reuptake inhibitor 310
Doxepin 75, 200, 310
Doxycycline 6, 49, 196, 266, 320
Dracunculiasis 355
Dracunculus medinensis 397
Dress syndrome 202
Drotaverine 133
Drug 154, 328, 367, 377, 385
antianaerobic 381
anticonvulsants 413
antidepressant 112, 134, 413
antiepileptic 185
antifungal 381
antihypertensive 68, 70, 71, 112
anti-inflammatory 60, 316
antimicrobial 377
antiretroviral 63
antithyroid 336
asthma 413
causing fever 415
emergency 402, 411
extravasation 421
risk factors for 421
hormones 414
intoxication 151
local anesthetic 369
nonhormonal 279
pain relief 131
reactions, adverse 71, 385
safe and unsafe 416
side effects of 374
strength of 406
tranquilizers 414
Drug-food interaction 412
Ductal carcinoma in situ 164
Ductal discharge 168
Duloxetine 41, 310
Duodenal ulcer 8, 237
complications 238
drug for 239
etiology 237
signs 238
symptoms 238
treatment 238
Dyeing hair, treatment of 197
Dyslipidemia 41, 71, 183, 470
drugs for 43
lipid profile 41
signs 41
symptoms 41
treatment 42, 43
values for lipids 41
Dysmenorrhea 278
primary 278
secondary 278, 279
Dyspepsia 239
etiology 240
reflux-like 240
symptom subgroups 240
Dysphagia 241
etiology 241
investigations 241
red flags 241
Dyspnea 28, 170
etiology 170, 172
evaluation of 171
investigations 171
red flags 170
sudden onset of 170
Dysuria 276
and frequency, differential diagnosis of 275
E
Ear 367, 386
infections 212
Ebola 355, 357, 358
virus diseases 355
Echinococcosis 357
Echinococcus 355, 397
Echis 139
Ecosprin 180
Ecthyma 395
Ectopic thyroid 329
Eczema, nummular 206, 207, 208
Eczematous eruptions of face 208
Edema 44
bilateral 45
etiology 44
generalized 45
history 45
treatment of generalized 46
Edematous erythroderma 202
Edge biopsy 479
Edrophonium 139
Elbows, dermatoses of 207
Electrocardiogram 183
Electrolytes 424, 428
Emergency tracheostomy indications 158
Empiric antibiotic therapy 397
Empiric treatment 386
Enalapril 68, 177
Endocarditis 393
Endocrine abnormalities 162
Endometriosis 280
complications 280
etiopathogenesis 280
investigations 280
risk factors 280
signs 280
symptoms 280
treatment 280
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography 251
Endotracheal intubation 74, 158, 370
Enterobacter 325, 376
Enterobacteriaceae 376
Enterococcus faecalis 254, 376
Enzymes 360
Eosinophilia 466
Eosinophils 449
Epicondylitis 398
Epidermoid cancer 361
Epididymitis 266
acute 266
chronic 267
Epididymo-orchitis 266
causes of 267
Epilepsy 147, 184
Epinephrine 402
Episcleritis 222
Epistaxis 10, 212, 321
etiology 321
investigation 321
treatment 321
Epithelioma 361
Epsilon-aminocaproic acid 8
Epstein–Barr virus 454
Epulis 216
differential diagnosis 216
investigation 216
treatment 216
types 216
Erectile dysfunction 70, 254
etiology 255
investigations 256
red flags 254
treatment 256
Erosive gastropathy 244
Erythema
multiforme 188
nodosum, treatment of 197
Erythrasma 198, 209
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate 451
etiology 451
investigations 451
Erythromycin 196, 199
Erythroplakia 193
Escherichia coli 376
Escitalopram 310
Esmolol 154, 402
Esomeprazole 239
Esophageal burns 398
Esophagitis 252
diagnosis 252
etiology 252
signs 252
symptoms 252
treatment 252
Ethambutol 115
Ethionamide 115
Ethylene 155
glycol 155
Excessive hair 198
loss, treatment of 198
Exenatide 92
Exercise 90
Exophthalmos 336
Eye 221, 367
disease 355
needles 375
red 222
F
Facial impetigo, differential diagnosis of 209
Famciclovir 121
Fast test, diagnosis 186
Fat embolism 305
etiology 305
pathogenesis 305
signs 305
symptoms 305
Fat necrosis 164
Fatigue 46
etiology 47
questionnaire 47
treatment 48
Feeling tired 46
Feet, pigmented tumors of 210
Felodipine 70
Fenofibrate 43
Fentanyl 132, 373
Fever 48, 50, 470
etiology of 49, 50
investigations 52
of unknown origin 48
Fibrate 43
Fibrin sealant 8
Fibrinolytic medicines 8, 9
Fibroadenoma 163
Fibroid 281
complications 281
etiology 281
investigations 281
location 281
treatment 282
Fight bites 7
Filariasis 356, 396
Fine-needle aspiration 162
cytology 375, 478
Finger injury 55
First aid 54
Fistula 115, 118
etiology 118
investigations 118
treatment 118
Fistula-in-ano 241
classification 242
etiology 241
investigations 242
treatment 242
Fits 147, 184
Fixed bullous dermatosis, generalized 202
Flail chest 303
Flail segment 159
Flat tail sea snake 138
Flat warts 204
Flatulence/gas 242
investigations 242
treatment 242
Flavivirus 49, 355
Flucloxacillin 251
Fluconazole 194, 199, 203, 285
Fludrocortisone 398
Fluid
and electrolytes, loss of 146
distribution 428
resuscitation 136
types of 425, 426, 428
Flu-like
illness 49
symptoms 311
Flumazenil 154
Flunisolide 315
Fluocinolone metamide 205
Fluoroquinolones 38, 379
dosage 379
spectrum of 380
Fluoxetine 310
Fluticasone 315
propionate 201, 205
Folliculitis 105
Fondaparinux 9
Food, type of 87
Foot
care advice 39
end elevation 72
Foreign body 56, 109
reaction 206
swallowed 56
Forgarty's catheter, embolectomy with 343
Fortwin 150, 402
Fracture 55, 301
classification 301
complications of 303
etiology of 301
healing 302
factors affecting 302
ribs 303
signs 302
symptoms 302
treatment of 302
Frequent attenders 480
Frozen section biopsy 479
Fumigation 435
Fungal nail infection 201
Furosemide 69, 152, 177, 279
Fusidic acid 198
Fusion inhibitors 63
G
Gabapentin 41, 132
gel 126
Galactorrhea 168
Gangrene 105
Gas gangrene 395
Gastrectomy 436
Gastric ulcer 237
complications 238
drug for 239
etiology 237
signs 238
symptoms 238
treatment 238
Gastritis 244
Gastroesophageal reflux disease 243, 366
clinical manifestations 243
complications of 243
investigations 243
pathophysiology 243
treatment 244
Gastrointestinal bleeding 240
Gastroparesis 244
etiology 245
treatment 245
Gastropathy 244
Gel foam 8
Gemfibrozil 43
General anesthesia 373
procedure 373
General health checkup 470
Genital candidiasis 197
Genital ulcer 264
diagnosis 264
etiology 264
treatment 264
Genital warts 265
clinical features 265
etiology 265
investigations 265
treatment 266
Genitourinary 253, 366, 390, 470
Geriatric problems and management 365
Giant fibroadenoma 163
Glibenclamide 35
Glipizide 35
Glossodynia 191
GLP-1 agonist 34
GLPI analog 34
Glucagon 154
Glucagon-like peptide 1 agonist 34
Glucocorticoids 398
Glucose
test for 33
tolerance, impaired 285
Glycemic load 87
Glycemic reduction 34
Glycopyrrolate 373
Goiter, classification of 330
Gonococcal urethritis 265
Good sleep
hygiene 75
tips for 75
Goodsall's rule 242
Goserelin 279
Gout 299, 367
investigations 300
treatment 300
Graft-versus-host disease, severe 202
Gram stain 465, 466
result 293
Gram-negative
aerobic bacilli 376
anaerobes 376, 382
bacteria 382
rods 293
Gram-positive
bacteria 195, 382
cocci 293
Granuloma
annulare 210
inguinale 267
Grave's disease 328, 336, 353
Guinea worm 397
Gynecomastia 169
clinical appearance 169
grade 169
investigations 169
treatment 170
H
H1N1 357
H5N1 357
H7N9 357
Haemophilus
ducreyi 376
influenzae 119, 376, 378
Hair
concretions stones 198
premature graying of 201
smell malodorous axilla, treatment of 198
Halitosis 192
diagnosis 192
etiology 192
pathophysiology 192
treatment 192
Halobetasol propionate 205
Haloperidol 30, 64, 134
Halothane 251, 374
Hansen's disease 356
Hantavirus 357
Hashimoto's thyroiditis 353
Head injury 147, 151
complications of 150
Headache 57
alarm symptoms 57
examination 57
first-line treatment 58
investigations 58
patient education 58
preventive prophylactic treatment 58
primary 58
secondary 58
Healing, type of 141
Hearing 367
Heart
block 70, 71
disease, congenital 112
Heart attack 55
first aid for 180
preventing 183
signs 178
Heart failure 152, 174, 176
clinical features 175
diuretic therapy for 177
dosing of 177
features 176
investigations 175
precipitants 175
stages 176
systolic 176
treatment choices 176
Heartburn 413
Heel pain 59, 60
prognosis 60
symptoms 60
treatment 60
Helicobacter pylori 376
infection 237
Hemangioma 348
Hematological causes 7
Hematospermia 258
etiology 258
investigations 258
treatment 258
Hematuria 256
etiology 257
investigations 257
red flags 256
Hemi thyroidectomy 332, 334
Hemicolectomy 436
Hemithyroidectomy 334
Hemoglobin 447
concentration 1
Hemolytic anemia 3
causes of 3
Hemolytic transfusion reaction, acute 12
Hemophilia 14
Hemoptysis 321
etiology 321
investigations 322
red flags 321
Hemorrhage
classification 97
extradural 148, 149
intracerebral 148, 152
intracranial 148
massive internal 112
pulmonary 49
revealed 98
subdural 148, 149
Hemorrhagic shock, treatment of 98
Hemorrhoidectomy 436
Hemorrhoids 245
classification 245
investigations 245
treatment 245
Hemostasis 99
Hemotoxins 138
Hendra 357
Henoch–Schönlein purpura 225
Heparin 9, 155, 402, 420
therapy 343
Hepatic damage, markers of 452
Hepatic diseases, drug in 246
Hepatic failure, drug dosages in 419
Hepatic synthesis function, markers of 453
Hepatitis 246, 251
A 119
virus 454
B 119, 393
virus 454
C virus 454
D virus 454
E virus 454
etiology 246
Hepatocellular pattern 455
Hepatotoxicity 415
Hereditary disease 95
Hernia repair 436
Herpes simplex virus 62, 265, 454
Herpes zoster 60
clinical features 60
complications 60
treatment 61
Hiccups 64
etiology 64
treatment 64
Hidradenitis suppurativa 198, 395
Hip, irritable 294
Hirsutism 198, 285
Hoarseness of voice 212, 322
etiology 322
treatment 322
Hodgkin's lymphoma 80
Hoffmann's test 130
Homicidal ideation 311
Homogeneous enlargement 331
Honey crust 395
Hookworm 397
Hormonal treatment 279
Hormones 360
Human diploid cell vaccine 7
Human immunodeficiency virus 61
clinical features of 61
infection 63
diagnosis of 63
Human papillomavirus 119, 265
Human rabies immunoglobulin 7
Hyaluronidase 422
Hydatid disease 397
Hydatidiform mole 328
Hydralazine 112
Hydration 23
Hydrocelectomy 437
Hydrochlorothiazide 69
Hydrocortisone 398, 405
cream 205
injection 411
Hydrogen peroxide 143
Hydroquinone 202
Hydroxychloroquine 297
Hydroxyzine 203
Hyoscine 374
butylbromide 65, 133, 402
Hypercalcemia 340
medical treatment of 340
Hypercapnia 74
Hypercholesterolemia 42
Hyperemesis gravidarum 328
Hyperkalemia 29, 415
Hyperlipidemia 70
secondary prevention of 43
Hyperosmotic solutions 422
Hyperparathyroidism 340
Hyperplastic candidiasis 193
Hypersensitivity reaction 398
Hypertension 19, 41, 65, 365, 474
accelerated 151
etiology 65
primary 65
secondary causes of 65
Hypertensive crisis 67
Hypertensive emergency 151, 152
diagnosis 151
red flags 151
treatment 152
Hyperthyroid 331
crisis 337
Hyperthyroidism
congenital 328
signs of 335
symptoms of 335
Hypertrophic scar 144
Hyperuricemia 299
Hypocalcemia 29, 151, 152, 341
Hypoglycemia 415
clinical features 152
etiology 152
investigations 153
treatment 153
Hypokalemia 71
Hyponatremia 29
Hypoparathyroidism 341
Hypotension 29, 71, 72, 153
etiology 72
postural 112
treatment of 72
Hypothyroid 331
Hypothyroidism 338
etiology 338
signs 338
symptoms 338
treatment 338
Hypovolemic shock 97, 151
etiology 97
pathophysiology 97
use of
blood in 428
colloids in 428
Hypoxemia 74
Hypoxia 28, 29, 149
treatment 74
I
Ibuprofen 58, 107, 131
Ice massage 60
Ideal body weight 90
Idiopathic facial nerve palsy 5
Ifosfamide 422
Ilaprazole 239
Iliotibial band syndrome 298
Imipenem 106, 115, 397
Imiquimod 266
Immunization 119, 161
active 7
Immunoglobulin 6
G 354
Immunomodulators 316
Impalement 55
Impetigo 105, 209, 395
Incontinence, types of 269
Indapamide 69, 70
Indigestion 239
etiology 240
Infection 397
depth of 105
type of 140
Infectious agents 202
Infectious diarrhea
causes of 234
management of 235
Infectious disease 474
Infertility 258, 285
Inflammatory crystalline disease 294
Inflammatory noncrystalline disease 294
Influenza 49, 119
live attenuated 120
Ingrown toenail removal 437
Inguinal hernia block 371
Inhaler technique, metered dose 315
Inherited coagulation disorders 7
Inotropes 72
Insect bites 210, 398
Insecticides 153
Insomnia 75
etiology 75
red flags 75
treatment 75
Insulin 34, 36, 147
calculation for dose of 37
delivery devices for 37
indications 36
resistance syndrome 32
side effects of 37
Intense pain, prolonged 173
Intermittent claudication 344
Intracranial pressure, increased 149
Intradermal injection 372
Intradermal rabies vaccine 7
Intrauterine insemination 259
Intravenous fluids 424
indications for 424
Iodine
deficiency goiter 330
intake, excess 328
Iron 155, 433
preparations 412, 414
replacement 2
salts 155
Iron deficiency anemia 1, 4, 240
treatment for 2
Irritable bowel syndrome 247, 366
diagnosis 248
differential diagnosis 247
investigations 248
pathogenesis 247
red flags 247
symptoms 247
treatment 248
types of 247
Ischemia, treat 39
Ischemic heart disease 178, 183, 404
Ischemic stroke 152
Isoniazid 155
Isotope scan 286, 326
Isotretinoin 196
Itching 199
etiology 199
investigations 199
types of 199
Itraconazole 203
Ivermectin lotion 200
J
Japanese encephalitis 119, 357
vaccine 120
Jaundice 250, 474
clinical approach to 250
differential diagnosis 251
evaluation of 251
Jock itch 202
Johnson syndrome 202
Joint
aspiration 375
disease, assessment of 294
injections 375
instability 294
involvement, pattern of 295
pain 293
prosthesis, infected 392
redness 299
Jugular vein septic phlebitis 396
Juvenile fibroadenoma 163
K
Kala azar 357
Kanamycin 115
Kaposi's sarcoma 210
Keloid 144, 398
Keratitis, superficial 222
Keratolysis, pitted 201
Ketamine 134, 374
Ketoconazole 203
shampoo 203
soap 203
Kidney
diseases of 15
failure 16
function, tests to monitor 16
injury
acute 15
causing 18
stones 271
algorithm for 274
King cobra 138
Klebsiella 254, 276, 325, 376
granulomatis 267
Knee
joint 297
pain syndrome, anterior 298
Kojic acid 202
Krait 138
Kyasanurforest disease 357
L
Labetalol 152
Lactate dehydrogenase 452
Lactational mastitis 166
Lactic acidosis 431
etiology 431
treatment 431
Lamivudine 63
Langer's lines 143
Lansoprazole suppresses 239
Laryngeal edema 74
Laryngoscopy, indirect 327
Laryngospasm 385
Lassa fever 357
Laxatives 134
Lead 155
Left bundle branch block 183
Leg
ulcer, causes of 352
unilateral 45
Leishmaniasis 356
Lemierre's disease 396
Lentigo 212
Leprosy 356
Leptospira card test 49
Leptospirosis 49, 357
Lesion, benign 359
Lethargy 71
Leukoplakia 193
treatment of 193
Leukotriene
modifier 316
receptor antagonist 316
Leuprorelin 279
Levocetirizine 203
Levofloxacin 106, 115, 254, 320
Levonorgestrel oral 277
Levosalbutamol 315
Lhermitte's sign 129
Lichen planus 188, 193, 210
treatment of 194
Lichen simplex 207
complex 201
Lichenoid reaction 188
Lidocaine 260, 402
patch 126, 132
Lifestyle modification 68, 345
Ligament injury 56
Lightning 55
Lignocaine 163, 368, 369, 374
Limb
ischemia, critical 344
threatening 395
Linezolid 106, 115, 397, 421
Lingual thyroid 330
Lip, cancer of 221
Lipid
abnormality, secondary causes of 42
disorders 42
Liraglutide 92
Lisinopril 177
Listening skills 443
Lisuride maleate 163
Liver
function test 452
tests, abnormal 454
transaminase levels, abnormal 456
Liver disease 474
drugs for 246
severe 416
types of 452
unsafe drugs in 416
Local anesthesia 375
complications of 369
discontinue injection of 369
Local anesthetic systemic toxicity 369
treatment of 369
Loop diuretics 177
Loratadine 203
Lorazepam 185
Losartan 68
Lovastatin 43
Lovenox 155
Low backache 286
acute 290
chronic 290
etiology 287
examination 289
investigations 290
red flags 286
Low glycemic index 87
Lower limb
ischemia
acute 342
chronic 342, 345
pain 131
Ludwig's angina 192, 212, 395
clinical features 193
complications 193
treatment 193
Lugol's iodine 336
Lumbar sympathectomy 437
Lung
cancer 365
disease, interstitial 170
wet 100
Lymph node 77, 114, 264
enlargement 49
etiology of 78
Lymphadenopathy 76, 78, 474
Lymphatics 353
Lymphedema 76
classification of 79
complications 79
investigations 79
treatment of 79
chronic unilateral 45
Lymphocytes 449, 466
Lymphogranuloma venereum 267
Lymphoma 79
investigations 80
radiotherapy in 80
symptoms 79
Lysis 181
M
Macrolides 251, 320
Magnesium sulfate 155
Malabsorption 366
Malaria 356, 357, 396
Mammalian bite 6
Mammary duct
ectasia 168
clinical features of 168
fistula 168
Mammography 162, 168, 169
Marburg 357, 358
Marjolin's ulcer 143, 362
Massive blood transfusion 13
Mast cell stabilizers 316
Mastalgia 162
Mastectomy 437
Measles 208
Meckel's diverticulum 237
Meclizine 84
Medically unexplained problems 480
Medication extravasated 422, 423
Melanoma
malignant 210, 363
treatment 363
Melasma 200
clinical features 200
treatment 200
Ménière's disease 122
Meningitidis 376
Meningitis 386
Meningococcal
conjugated 119
polysaccharide 119
vaccine 119
Menopausal symptoms 282
Menstruation related disorders 285
Mental status
altered 74
change in 15
Meperidine 311
Meropenem 106, 397
Mesenteric adenitis 225
Mesenteric vascular occlusion 225
Mestinon 155
Metabolic acidosis 430
clinical features 430
diagnosis 430
treatment 431
Metabolic coma 22
etiology 23
investigations 23
specific neurologic signs 23
Metabolic syndrome 32
Metacarpophalangeal joints 7
Metaproterenol 154
Metastasis cancer 77
Metastatic cancer 64
Metaxalone 107
Metformin 34, 35, 92, 195, 251
Methanol 155
Methemoglobin cyanide poisoning 155
Methicillin susceptible Staphylococcus aureus 198
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus 38, 382
Methotrexate 155, 297
Methyldopa 64
Methylprednisolone 316, 398
acetate 398
succinate 398
Methylxanthines 316
Metoclopramide 65, 84, 373
Metolazone 69, 177
Metoprolol 69
Metronidazole 6, 38, 106, 239
cream 196
Miconazole 203
Micropoint needle 375
Microsporidiosis 235
Midazolam 185, 373
Migraine 59, 82
Miliaria rubra 201, 205, 206, 207
Mind and body techniques 126
Minerals 412
Minocycline 196
Mirabegron 270
Mirtazapine 310
Mismatched blood transfusion 12
Mitiglinide 35
Molecular tests 78
Molluscum contagiosum 200
treatment of 200
Mometasone 315
furoate cream 205
Monoarthritis 292
Monoarticular arthritis, attack of 299
Monoclonal antibodies 165
Monocytes 449
Monofilament 108
Mononeuritis multiplex 96
Mononuclear cells 466
Montelukast 316
Moraxella 376
Morphine 41, 132, 150, 181, 373
sulfate 155
Moxifloxacin 115, 397
Mucaine gel 65
Mucocele 216
Mucocutaneous ulcer 62
Mucolytics 320
Mucosa, ulcer of 188
Mucous membrane 140
Mucous retention cyst 216
Multidrug combination products 64
Multinodular goiter 332
clinical features 332
investigations 332
pathogenesis 332
treatment 332
Multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes 334
Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome 100
Multivitamins 432
Mumps 82
clinical features 82
complications 82
orchitis 262
treatment 82
Muscarinic receptor blockers 155
Muscle
damage 49
injury 56
spasm, pain with 288
weakness 292
Muscle cramps 82
etiology 82
treatment 82, 83
Musculoskeletal disorders 286
Musculotendinous syndromes 130
Mycobacteria 376, 382
Mycoplasma 197, 325
genitalium 265
pneumoniae 202
Myocardial depression 139
Myocardial infarction 29, 70, 153, 170, 179, 183, 365
acute 404
Myofascial pain syndrome 131
N
Nafcillin 422
Nail candidiasis 197
Naproxen 131
Nasal prongs 74
Nateglinide 35
National AIDS Control Organization guidelines 63
National Cancer Institute 104
National Tuberculosis Control, revised 115
Nausea and vomiting 83
complications 84
etiology 83
red flags 83
treatment 84
Neck
compression test 129
distraction test 129
Neck pain 291
etiology 292
examination 292
red flags 291
Necrotizing fasciitis 105
Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, acute 188
Needles 375
size 375
Neisseria gonorrhoeae 265, 376
Neostigmine 155
Nephritic syndrome 16
Nephrolithotomy 437
Nephrology 474
Nephrotic syndrome 15
Nephrotoxicity 385
Nerve
blocks, peripheral 371
conduction studies 96
function assessment 255
healing 142
Netherland rule 299
Neurodermatitis 201
Neurogenic claudication 344
Neurological changes 430
Neurological deterioration 74
Neurological problems, primary 29
Neurological symptoms 95
Neurology 475
Neuromuscular block 139
Neuropathic joint disease 40
Neuropathic pain 126
Neuropathy, peripheral 94
Neurotoxins 138
Neutrophils 466
Niacin 43
Nicotine
gum 104
replacement therapy 104
Nifedipine 69, 70, 152
Nippa 357
Nipple discharge 167
blood stained 169
clinical significance 167
color 167
cytology of 168
diseases with 168
etiology 167
red flags 167
treatment of 169
Nitrates 181
Nitrofurantoin 251
Nitroglycerin 152, 181, 402, 404
Nitroprusside 402
Nnsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs 403
Nocturnal limb pain 294
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease 454
Nonbreast pain 162
Noncalcium stones 271
Noncyclical mastalgia 162
Noncytotoxic drugs, extravasation of 422
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma 80
Noninflammatory 292
closed comedones 195
Non-ST elevation myocardial infarction 178
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs 134, 163, 297
Non-steroidal creams 202
Nonvegetarian foods 87
Nonverbal behavior 443
Noradrenaline 404
infusion 408
Norepinephrine 279, 310, 402
Norovirus 235
Nucleic acid amplification test, cartridge-based 114
Numbness 94
Nutrition 23, 432
O
Obesity 71, 85
complications 85
etiology 85
investigations 85
red flags 85
treatment 85
Obsessive compulsive disorder 312
behavior 312
subcategories of 312
symptoms 312
treatment 313
Occult primary, treatment of 81
Octreotide 8
Ofloxacin 115, 254
Ointments 385
Oleander 154
Olmesartan 68
Omalizumab 316
Omega-3
content of oil 88
fatty acids 43
Onchocerciasis 356
Ondansetron 84, 373
Onychomycosis 201
Opioids 64, 155
Oral cancer 221
Oral candidiasis 197
Oral cavity 216
anatomy 219
cancer, treatment 219, 220
ulcers of 188
Oral corticosteroids 316
Oral epithelial lesions, potentially premalignant 218
Oral fluids, role of 235
Oral glucose tolerance test 32
Oral hypoglycemic agents 35
Oral polio vaccine 119
Oral rehydration salts 235
Organ failure, sepsis-related 101
Organochloride 154
Organophosphate cholinesterase inhibitors 155
Organophosphorus poisoning 29
Orthostatic hypotension 112
Osmotic laxative 233
Osteoarthritis 293, 295, 297, 344, 367, 399
red flags 297
treatment 298
Osteomyelitis 305, 392
classification 305
infecting organisms 305
investigations 306
signs 305
symptoms 305
treatment 306
Osteoporosis 306, 367
classification 307
investigations 307
red flags 306
risk factors 306
signs 307
symptoms 307
treatment 307
Otitis externa 212
Ovarian cancer 282
minimise chances of 283
risk factors 282
symptoms 282
Oxygen 181
therapeutic agents 14
Oxyspas 270
P
Pain 124
assessment of 125
chronic 133
classification 124
decreases 173
distribution 129, 289
drug for 402
duration and site of 124
etiology 124
increases 173
investigations 126
location of 224
radiation of 173
radicular back 288
red flags 124
retro-orbital 49
treatment 126
type 124
yellow flags 124
Painful edema, treatment of acute unilateral 45
Palliative care 133, 134
Palpitations 93
etiology 93
heart beat 93
investigations 93
physical examination 93
red flags 93
treatment 94
Pantoprazole 136, 239
Papilloma 168
Papular eruptions of
hands 210
differential diagnosis of 210
trunk 210
differential diagnosis of 210
Papular urticaria 207
Paracentesis biochemistry 465
Paracetamol 58, 107, 131, 132, 402
overdose 251
Parasomnias 75
classification 75
features 75
Parathormone mobilizes calcium 340
Parathyroids 340
Parenteral iron 3
Parenteral nutrition 434
composition 434
Paresthesia 96
Paresthetic areas 96
Parkinson's disease 112
Paronychia 395
Paroxetine 260
Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea 179
Parsonage–Turner syndrome 130
Pass Ryle's tube 23
Pasteurella multocida 376
Patellofemoral pain syndrome 298
Pediatric drug doses 307, 399, 400
Pediatric immunization schedule 119
Pediatric surgery 308
Pelvic inflammatory disease 283
clinical presentation 283
etiology 283
investigations 283
treatment 283
Penicillin 155, 377, 422
allergic 239
dosage 377
spectrum of 378
Penile block 371
Pentazocine 131
Peptic ulcer 237
diseases 237
Perianal hematoma 252
treatment 252
Pericarditis 174
Periductal mastitis 166, 168
complex 168
Peripheral neuropathy
etiology 94
investigations 96
red flags 94
treatment 96
Peripheral smear findings 450
Peripheral vascular disease 341
Peritonitis 437
Permethrin shampoo 200
Persistent sinus, causes of 118
Pertussis 394
Pethidine 131, 373
Pharmacodynamics 367
Pharyngitis 212, 322
Phenelzine 311
Phenergan 150, 402
Phenobarbital 154
Phenobarbitone 185
Phenothiazines 112
Phentolamine 422
Phenylephrine 402
Phenytoin 132, 185
Phobias 309
Phyllodes tumor 164
Physical activity 90
Physical inactivity 71
Pigmented nevus 210
Piperacillin 397
Piroxicam 131
Pitressin 405
Pityriasis
rosea 211
versicolor 211
Plague 357, 358
Plant poisons 154
investigation 154
treatment 154
Plantar fascia 59
Plantar fasciitis 59, 307
Plantar warts 204, 206
Plasma
pH, normal 429
rang, normal 454
Platelet 450
evaluation 450
Pleural aspiration 375
Pleural effusion 324
etiology 324
investigations 324
Pleural fluid 114, 465
analysis 465
etiology 465
biochemistry 466
Pleurisy 64
Pneumococcal polysaccharide 119
Pneumococcal vaccine 119
Pneumococci 382
Pneumocystis Jiroveci pneumonia 64
Pneumonia 325, 365
etiology 325
significance of 325
treatment 325
Pneumonitis 326
Pneumothorax 29
Podophyllin 266
Podophyllotoxin 266
Poison 154, 406
Polyarthralgia 292, 295
etiology 295
red flags 295
symptom pattern 295
Polycystic ovarian syndrome 284
symptoms and signs 284
Polymerase chain reaction 294
Polymyositis 353
Polytrauma 158
Pompholyx 201, 206, 208
Pork tapeworm 397
Postacne scars 196
Postdental extraction bleeding 99
Postextraction dental bleeding 195
etiology 195
treatment 195
Post-traumatic stress disorder 309
Potassium 19, 147
deficiency 429
clinical features 429
etiology 429
deficit 429
foods
high 20
low 20
in blood, level of 19
iodide 197
magnesium citrate 273
sparing diuretics 178
supplements 429
Povidone-iodine 143
Prandial insulin 36
Prasugrel 9
Pravastatin 43
Prazosin 69
Preauricular sinus 117
Prednisolone 198, 201, 204, 316, 398
Preeclampsia 152
Pregabalin 41, 132
Pregnancy
drug 416
dosages in 419
safe drugs in 416
unsafe drugs in 418
Premalignant lesion of, oral cavity 193
Premature ejaculation 260
etiology 260
treatment 260
Premenstrual syndrome 278
diagnosis 278
differential diagnosis 278
etiology 278
signs of 278
symptoms of 278
treatment 279
Preoxygenation 373
Prescription writing 480
Pressure
offloading 39
sore 117, 396
Prickly heat 201
Prilocaine 371
cream 260
Probable discharge 167
Probiotic 235
vaginal capsules 285
Prochlorperazine 84, 122, 251
Prodrome, lack of 112
Prokinetic agent 233
Prolactin 256
Promethazine 84
Pronator teres syndrome 130
Prophylaxis 393
pre-exposure 7
surgical 393
Propionibacterium 195
colonization of 195
Propofol 185
Prostate 260
investigation 260
treatment 261
Prostatectomy 437
Prostatic hyperplasia, benign 470
Prostatitis 253
bacteria in 254
classification of 254
investigations 254
symptoms 253
treatment 254
Protease inhibitors 63
Protein 360
electrophoresis 96
Proteus mirabilis 254
Prothionamide 115
Proton pump inhibitors 239, 373
Pruritus 199
Pruritus ani 201, 252
etiology 252
investigations 253
treatment 253
Pseudogout, acute 301
diagnosis 301
treatment 301
Pseudolymphadenopathy 267
Pseudomonas 276, 376, 382
Psoriasis 207-211, 399
Psoriatic arthritis 353, 399
Psychiatry 308
Pterygium 222
Pudendal nerve block 372
Pulmonary changes 430
Pulmonary edema 152
acute 176
Pulmonary embolism 29, 170, 352
drugs and dose 406
Pulmonary function tests indications 458
Purified chick embryo cells 7
Pyelolithotomy 437
Pyoderma 105, 201
arise, secondary 105
Pyomyositis 396
Pyrazinamide 115, 251, 421
Pyrethroid 154
Pyrexia of unknown origin 53
classic 50
Pyridoxine 279
Q
Qbrexza 110
Quality of life 95, 295
Quinapril 177
Quinine 155
Quinolones 251
R
Rabeprazole 239
Rabies 356, 357, 393
Radical mastectomy, modified 165
Radioactive iodine 336
Ramipril 68, 177
Ranitidine 204
Ranula 216
differential diagnosis 216
treatment choices 216
types 216
Rashfree cream 253
Raynaud's disease 346
Raynaud's phenomenon 346
Raynaud's syndrome 345
Reconstructive ladder 143
Rectal enemas 233
Rectum, abdominoperineal excision of 436
Red cell distribution 448
Reflex loss 129, 292
Reiter's syndrome 295
Relaxation techniques 126
Renal artery stenosis 70
Renal disease, end-stage 16
Renal failure 96
drug 418
dosages in 410
Renal function test 169, 451
Repaglinide 35
Respiratory 313
arrest 157
diseases 475
failure 156
system 397, 405
Restlessness 29
Reticulocyte count 448
Rh (rhesus) group 11
Rheumatic fever 399
Rheumatic heart disease 393
Rheumatoid arthritis 293, 295, 296, 399
investigations 296
medical management of 297
Rhinitis 213
etiology 213
treatment 213
Rib fractures, multiple 159
Rickettsiosis 49
Rifampicin 115, 251, 421
Rifaximin 397
Rift valley fever 357
Ringworm 202
Risedronate 412
Rivaroxaban 9
River blindness 356
Road traffic accident 151
Romberg's test 96
Ropivacaine 368
Rosacea 205, 211
differential diagnosis of 211
Rosuvastatin 43
Rotavirus 119, 235
Rotterdam's criteria 284
Round body needles 375
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass 92
Roxithromycin 320
Rubella 208
Runners' knee 298
Russell's viper pit viper 138
S
Salbutamol 315
Salicylates 155
Saline laxative 233
Salivary gland 225, 475
surgery 438
Salmonella 235, 295, 376
Salmonellosis 357
Sarcoidosis 64
Saw-scaled viper 138
Scabies 201, 210
Scalp block 371
Scalpel blades 375
Scaphoid fracture 304
investigations 304
signs 304
symptoms 304
Scarlet fever 208
Schistosomiasis 356
Scleritis 222
Sclerosing adenosis 164
Sclerosis, systemic 353
Scorpion
bite 7
sting 139
signs 139
symptoms 139
treatment 140
Scrotal swelling 262
Seborrheic dermatitis 207-209, 211
Secnidazole 285
Seizure 29, 147, 184
differential diagnosis 184
etiology 184
type of 184, 185
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors 250
Self-breast examination 165
Seminal fluid analysis 467
Sensitive teeth 194
etiology 194
treatment 194
Sensorcaine 374
Sensory loss 129, 289, 292
Sentinel lymph node biopsy 479
Sepsis 29, 397
red flags 101
Septic arthritis differential diagnosis 292
Septic pelvic vein thrombosis 396
Septic shock 100
causes of 101
treatment of 101
Seroconversion illness, acute 61
Serological tests 54
Serotonin 279
and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor 310
antagonist 310
syndrome 311
Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor 41
Serratia 325
Sertraline 260, 310
Serum glucose 31
Sexual development 255
Sexual thoughts 313
Sexually-transmitted infection 263
etiology 263
investigations 263
prevention of 263
SGLT-2 inhibitor 34
Sharp pleuritic pain 173
Shigella 376
Shingles 60
Shock 26, 96, 155, 403
classification for 96, 98
electric 55
hemorrhagic 98
hypoadrenal 103
initial treatment of 428
refractory 73
treat hypovolemic 428
vasovagal 103
Shoulder abduction sign 129
Sick sinus syndrome 112
Sideropenic dysphagia 193
Sigmoidoscopy 231
Sildenafil 256
Siloderm cream 198
Silodosin 270
Simvastatin 43
Sinus 115, 117
investigations for 118
of Valsalva aneurysm, rupture of 170
treatment of 118
Sinusitis 214
clinical features 214
investigations 214
treatment 214
Sjögren syndrome 353
Skeletal muscle relaxants 126, 185, 403
Skin
diseased 105
hyperpigmentation 202
loss 143
suture, size for 109
tension lines 143
Skin and soft tissue 397
infections 394
Skin cancer 361
common 364
Skin infection
investigations 105
superficial 105
treatment 105, 106
Sleep, abnormal behaviors during 75
Sleeping pills 414
Sleeve gastrectomy 92
Small pox 358
Smoker's palate, reverse 193
Smoking
cessation 103
treatment 104
Fagerstrom test for 103
Snakebite 7, 56, 138, 155
Snoring 215
etiology 215
investigations 215
red flags 215
symptoms 215
treatment 215
Soak 60
Sodium 20
bicarbonate 147, 405
effects of 21
hypochlorite 143
intake down 21
nitroprusside 152
infusion 410
valproate 185, 251
Sodium deficiency 430
clinical features 430
treatment guidelines 430
Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor 34
Soft tissue infection, treatment 105, 106
Solifenacin 270
Solitary nodule 331
treatment 332
Somatostatin 8
Sorbitrate 180
Sore mouth 191
Sperm injection, intracytoplasmic 259
Spinal origin, pain of 288
Spinal trauma 399
Spine problems 289
Spirochetes 376
Spironolactone 178, 279
Splenectomy 438
Sprain 56
Spurling's test 129
Sputum examination, information 318
Squamous cell cancer 361
investigations 361
treatment 362
Squamous cell carcinoma 143, 212
ST elevation myocardial infarction 178
Standard ventilator settings 74
Staphylococcal skin scolding syndrome 396
Staphylococcus 38, 209, 376, 382
aureus 166, 376
epidermidis 376
Statins 43, 181
Status epilepticus 184
first aid 184
Stavudine 63
Sterile pyuria 267
etiology 267
investigations 268
Steroid 198, 202, 205
hormone tests 457
Steven–Johnson syndrome 202, 385
Stiffness 295
Still's disease 353
Stomach wash 23
Stomatitis 191
drug 191
etiology 191
Stone
passage rate 272
types of 271
Stool
examination 463
routine test, interpretation of 463
Strain 56
Strangulated bowel 225
Strangulated hemorrhoids, treatment of 246
Streptococcus 38, 197, 209, 276, 376, 382
faecalis 376
pneumoniae 376
pyogenes 198
Stress management 92
Stretching exercises 60
Stroke 155, 185, 366
primary prevention of 187
secondary prevention of 187
types of 186
Struma ovary 330
Subaponeurotic injection 372
Subcortical cysts 299
Subdermal infiltration 372
Subdiaphragmatic collections 64
Submucosal fibrosis 193
treatment of 194
Succimer 154
Sudden collapse 111, 155
etiology 156
red flags 155
Sugars, uncontrolled 37
Suicide 313
risk assessment 311
Sulbactam 397
Sulfonylurea 34, 35, 251
Surgical gut 108
chromic catgut 108
plain catgut 108
Suture 107
alternatives to 110
classification of 107, 109
complications of 109
line care 109
material, characteristics of 107
needles 375
removal day 109
uses of 109
Sweating 110
causes 110
treatment 110
Swelling 295
Swimming emergencies 56
Swine flu 357
Sycosis barbae 209
Syncope 103, 111
causes for 111
common causes of 112
differential diagnosis for 112
etiology 111
examination 111
investigations 112
red flags 111
treatment 112
Syndrome X 32
Synovial fluid analysis 294
Syphilis 189
secondary 210
Syphilitic alopecia 209
Syphilitic glossitis 193
Syringomyelia 130
Systemic antifungals 203
Systemic lupus erythematosus 353
T
Tachyarrhythmia 29
Tachypnea 26
Tacrolimus 196
Tadalafil 256
Taenia
saginata 397
solium 397
Tamoxifen 163
Tamsulosin 270
Tapentadol 131
Taper cut needle 375
Tazobactam 397
Tear cancer 362
Telmisartan 68
Temazepam 75
Temporal arteries 126
Tendinitis 399
Tendon healing 142
Tenofovir 63
Tenosynovitis 399
Tensile
behavior 107
strength 108
Terazosin 69
Terbinafine 203
Testosterone 256
gel 256
Tetanus 393
immunization history 120
prophylaxis 120
toxoid 120
booster 6
Tetany 341
Tetracaine 371
Tetracycline 239
Tetralid 371
Theophylline 154, 176
Thiazide 69, 70
diuretics 177, 273
related diuretic 177
Thiazolidinediones 35
Thioacetazone 115
Thiocolchicoside 107, 132
Thiopentone 185, 374
Thoracic outlet syndrome 130
Throat 387
Thromboangiitis obliterans 345
treatment of 345
Thyroglossal duct cyst 329
Thyroid 326
antibodies 326, 328
cancer
risk factors for 331
treatment of 334
carcinoma 333
investigations 333
risk factors 333
disease 475
investigations for 327
eye disease 336
function tests 96, 326, 456
imaging 329
neoplasms, classification of 333
peroxidase 354
solitary nodule of 327
stimulating hormone 168
storm 337
sudden enlargement of 331
swelling 331
investigations for 327
whole 331
Thyroidectomy 332, 438
partial 332
subtotal 332
total 332, 334
types 332
Thyroiditis 328, 330, 332, 337
types 337
Thyrotoxic crisis 337
Thyrotoxicosis 335, 336
acute 337
classification of 335
signs of 335
symptoms of 335
Thyroxine 412
ingestion, excess 328
Ticlopidine 9
Tigecycline 421
Tinea
capitis 202, 208, 209
corporis 203
cruris, differential diagnosis of 211
faciei 209
pedis 206
versicolor 203
treatment 203
Tingling 94
Tinidazole 239
Tiredness 113
Tissue transglutaminase antibodies 250
Tizanidine 107, 132
Tolterodine 270
Tongue
surgical anatomy of 220
tie 217
ulcers of 188
Tonsillitis 212, 322
Tooth
injuries 7
socket, gum bleed from 9
Topical antimicrobials 385
Torsemide 69, 177
Torsion testis 268
clinical features 268
investigations 268
treatment 268
Toxic
adenoma 328, 335
epidermal necrolysis 202, 203
goiter, diffuse 335
multinodular goiter 328, 335
thyroid, pregnancy and 336
Toxicity 369
Tracheostomy 438
Tramadol 41, 131
Tranexamic acid 8
injection 10
Transaminases 453
Transcriptase inhibitors, reverse 63
Transcutaneous nerve stimulation 96
Transient ischemic attack 185
Transvaginal method 372
Tranylcypromine 311
Trauma 95, 140, 158, 405
classification 140
fluid resuscitation in 159
series 160
severe 49
Traumatic brain injury 148
pathophysiology of 148
Travelers' diarrhea 235
Tremor 112
Triamcinolone acetonide 194, 398
Triamterene 178
Trichomonas vaginalis 265, 285
Trichomycosis axillaris, treatment 198
Trichotillomania 209
Tricyclic antidepressants 40, 132, 154, 200, 250, 309
Trigger zones, injection into 375
Triglycerides 41
Triple drug therapy, rationale of 239
Triptorelin 279
Trismus 194, 217
clinical features 195
etiology 194
grading of 194, 217
investigations 195
treatment 195
Trocar point needle 375
Tropical diseases 355
Troponin 178
Trunk, scaly eruptions of 211
Tuberculosis 113, 189
abscess, treatment of 79
investigations 113
red flags 113
treatment of 115
Tuberous xanthoma 207
Tubes 375
chest tube 375
Foley catheter 375
Ryles tube 375
Tularemia 358
Tumor
antigens 360
benign 359
invasion, Clark's level of 363
markers 328, 360, 457
classification of 360, 457
uses 457
Typhoid 120, 393
U
Ulcer 115
characteristics 362
chronic 117
classification 116
features 264
healing, treatment 116
in oral cavity 217
classification 217
site of 217
types 217
leg 119
like dyspepsia 240
medication 413
oral 119
rodent 362
trophic 117
venous 143, 352
Ulcerative colitis 295
Ulipristal acetate oral 277
Unconscious
care of 23
management of 151
Upper limb pain 128
differential diagnosis 129
etiology 128
physical examination 129
Ureaplasma urealyticum 265
Uremia
signs of 18
symptoms of 18
Ureterolithotomy 438
Urethral discharge 265
etiology 265
investigations 265
treatment 265
Urethral smear 277
Urethral syndrome 275
Urethritis 265
Uric acid 300
stones 273
Urinalysis, accuracy of 462
Urinary casts 461
Urinary catheterization 136
Urinary incontinence 366
and frequency 268
etiology 268
red flags 268
investigations 269
treatment 270
Urinary stones 271
clinical features 271
differential diagnosis 271
etiology 271
investigations 271
management of 272
Urinary tract infection 274
clinical manifestations 275
investigations 275
microbiology of 274
prevention of 276
red flags 274
symptoms of 275
treatment 275
Urine
alkalization 154
analysis, indications 459
black 460
blue 460
brown 460
green 460
orange 460
red 459
white 460
Urispas 270
Urticaria 203, 399
V
Vaccination, routes of 120
Vaginal discharge 285
Vaginitis 285, 392
Vaginosis 285, 392
Vagotomy 438
Valacyclovir 121, 264
Valvular heart diseases 366
Vancomycin 38, 106, 397
Vardenafil 256
Varenicline 104
Variceal bleed 8
Varicella 208, 393
Varicella zoster 120
virus 454
treatment 120
Varicose veins 349
pathophysiology of 349
treatment of 350
Vascular disease 341, 476
Vascular malformations 348
Vasculitis 294, 343, 353
Vasomotor symptoms, treatment for 282
Vasopressin 8, 402, 405
Vasospastic disorders 343
Vasovagal syncope 112
Venipuncture 375
Venlafaxine 41, 132, 279, 310
Venom
classification 138
glands 138
Venous disease
classification of 349
complications 349
investigations 350
Venous plasma 31
Venous stasis 396
Ventilation 74
Ventilator support 74
Ventilatory effort 151
Verapamil 69
Vertigo 121
classification of 122
etiology 121
peripheral vertigo 122
red flags 121
symptom 121
treatment 122
Vesicles 264
Vesiculobullous 188
eczema 201
Vestibular neuronitis 123
Vibrio 376
Vincristine 155
Viral fever 48, 358
Viral infections 54
acute 202
Virchow's triad 351
Vision disorders 367
Visual acuity 187
Visual fields 187
Vital signs 27, 98
Vitamin 412, 414, 432
B12 deficiency 1
C deficiency 190
D tablets 432
K 8, 154
deficiency 190
Vitiligo 204, 207
Voriconazole 421
Voveran 131
SR 131
Vulvovaginal atrophy, treatment for 282
W
Waldeyer's ring 77
Warfarin 9
Warning signs 57
Warts 204, 212
treatment 204
Water retention 162
Weakness 123, 129
Wedge biopsy 479
Weight loss 123
Weight reduction 183
Weil's syndrome 49
West Nile fever 357
Whipple's triad 152
White blood cell 294
evaluation 449
Whooping cough 394
Woods lamp illumination 202
Woods light fluorescence 211
Worms 397
Wound 138, 143
care 6, 143
adjunctive treatments for 39
classification, surgical 140
complications of 143
foreign body 56
infected 396
nail puncture 396
trauma 120, 393
type 140
Wound healing 141
factors affecting 141
phases of 141
types of 141
Wrist pain 304
Wuchereria bancrofti 396
Y
Yellow fever 357
vaccine 120
Yersinia 235, 376
Z
Zerodol 131
Zidovudine 63
Zika 357
Zinc cream 253
Zohar–Fineberg obsessive compulsive screen 313
Zolpidem 75
Zoonotic diseases 355, 357
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