Monograph on Tropical Fever Nandini Chatterjee, Jyotirmoy Pal, Kamlesh Tewary
INDEX
Page numbers followed by b refer to box, f refer to figure, fc refer to flowchart, and t refer to table
A
Abscess
bacterial 227
epidural 25
intracerebral 25
spinal epidural 228
Acetaminophen 68, 183
Acidosis 56
Acinetobacter baumannii 9
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 133, 209, 226, 234, 236
Acrophobia 189
Actinomycetoma 241
Acute febrile encephalopathy 21
causes of 188
Acute respiratory distress syndrome 21, 27, 31, 41, 55, 86, 87, 88f, 199202, 204, 214
Berlin criteria for diagnosis of 200b
causes of 200
complications of 203
course of 201
diagnosis of 203
management of 203
Acute undifferentiated febrile illness 84, 149, 150b, 153fc
pathogenesis of 148
Acute undifferentiated fever 20, 147
classification of 148f
Acyclovir 195
Adenosine
monophosphate 15
triphosphate 14
Adenovirus 97, 98, 100
Adrenocorticotropic hormone test 223
Aedes
aegypti 11, 35, 91, 94, 164, 188
africanus 90
albopictus 36, 91, 94, 237
African trypanosomiasis 238
Alanine aminotransferase 149, 186
Albendazole 126, 195
Albuminuria 85
Alkylphosphocholine 69
Allopurinol 210
Alpha coronaviruses 100
Alveolar echinococcosis 240
American Thoracic Society 217fc
American trypanosomiasis 10
Amikacin 9
Amodiaquine 60
Amoxicillin 9, 111
plus clavulanic acid 9
Amphotericin 68, 140, 216
Ancylostoma
braziliense 165
duodenale 241
Anemia 66
mild 109
severe malarial 55, 56
Anicteric syndrome 83
Ansuvimab 178
Antibiotic 210
lock therapy 219
short course of 211
therapy 110, 111t
Antibody dependent enhancement 36
Antifungal therapy 140
Antigen detection 86
Antileishmanial drugs 68
Antimicrobial 8, 226
treatment 88
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody 184
Antinuclear antibody 184
Antipyretics 18, 183
Antiretroviral therapy 143
Antirheumatic drug, disease-modifying 96
Antiviral drugs 47
Arboviral infection 21, 75
Arena virus 173
Arrhythmias 87
Artemether 60
Artemisinin-based combination therapy 234
Arterial blood gas 203
Arteritis 190
Artesunate 59
Arthralgia 38, 91
Ascaris 241
Aspartate
aminotransferase 186
transaminase 26
Aspergillus galactomannan 139
Assist control volume control mode 87
Athlete's foot 135
Atmanirbhar bharat 249
Atoltivimab 178
Autoimmune disorders 209
Ayurvedic drugs 156
Azithromycin 77, 80, 88, 110, 111, 185, 192, 204, 241
Aztreonam 10, 110, 111
B
Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis 48
Backache 38
Bacteremia
primary 106
secondary 106
Bacteria 19, 236
anaerobic 167
Barotraumas 203
Bartonella 19
Basidiobolomycosis, gastrointestinal 135
Basidiobolus ranarum zygospore 140f
Biopsy 229
Blastomyces dermatitidis 137
Blood 56
culture 29, 110, 184
feeding insects 125
pressure 56
sucking arthropod 126
transfusion 22, 44, 60, 215
Bloodstream infection, catheter-related 219, 220fc
Bone
marrow cultures 29
pain 38
Brain
abscess 191
computed tomography of 120, 121f
magnetic resonance imaging of 29, 121f
Brainstem 189
encephalitis 25
evoked response audiometry 120
Bronchoalveolar lavage 102
Brown adipose tissue 14
Brucella 19
melitensis 191
Brucellosis 4, 2123, 191
Brugia
malayi 125
timori 125
Bruise, pulmonary 200
Burkholderia pseudomallei 190
Buruli ulcer 237
C
Cardiovascular system 83
Carrico index 199
Cefixime 111
Cefotaxime 88, 111
Cefpodoxime proxetil 111
Ceftriaxone 88, 111
Cell culture 75
Central motor conduction time 120
Central nervous system 16, 117, 188, 190
dysfunction 188, 190, 193, 195
Central venous pressure 31
Cephalosporin 195, 216
fourth-generation 10
third-generation 10, 192
Cerebellar ataxia 25, 189
Cerebral
hemorrhage 16
malaria 53, 193
pathogenesis of 54f
Cerebrospinal fluid 29, 75, 84, 91, 117, 119, 153, 189
study 119
Cerebrovascular accident 227
Chagas disease 10, 236
Chaka's disease 188
Chandipura virus 190
Chemoprophylaxis 179
Chest X-ray 88f
Chikungunya 19, 21, 23, 25, 75, 90, 94, 96, 171, 189, 233, 234, 235, 237
fever 24, 91t, 94, 159
Chills 210
Chlamydia trachomatis 241
Chloramphenicol 77, 204
Cholecystitis, acalculous 41, 83, 216
Cholestasis 84
Chromoblastomycosis 131, 135, 136, 138, 142
Ciprofloxacin 111
Clindamycin 9
Clofazimine 239
Clostridium
difficile 218, 219
infection 218, 218t
tetani 192
Coccidioidomycosis 171
Coma 25
Common cold 245
Complete blood count 109, 186
Computed tomography 120, 121f, 191f, 222, 228
Conduction 15
abnormalities 41
Confusion 25
Conidiobolus coronatus 140f
Conjunctiva 173
Conjunctival suffusion 85
Conjunctivitis 91
Contagious disease 252
Convulsions 55, 56
Coronavirus 97, 98, 100
incidence of 246f, 247f
spread of 246f, 247f
Corticosteroid therapy, intravenous 89
Cough 201
COVID-19 84, 103, 180, 227, 245, 248, 250, 251
pandemic 4, 232, 247
Coxsackie 164
Cranial nerve palsy 25, 191
Cranial neuropathy 23
C-reactive protein 17, 86, 216, 227
Crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever 173, 233
Cryotherapy 143
Cryptococcosis 171
Cryptosporidiosis 21
Culex
pseudovishnui 115
vishnui 115
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate 16
Cyclooxygenase inhibitors 18
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator 106
Cysticercosis 240
Cytokine 16
storm 201
Cytomegalovirus 19, 170, 181, 184, 196, 209
Cytopenias 41, 199
D
Dapsone 239
Delirium 25
Dengue 19, 21, 2325, 28, 35, 75, 84, 180, 182, 184, 185, 187, 188, 234, 235, 237
diagnosis of 149
fever 23, 35, 38, 39, 91t, 158, 164, 177, 185t, 233
pathogenesis of 182fc
hemorrhagic fever 84, 182
infection 35, 41t
pathophysiology of 37f
severe 36
shock syndrome 35
syndrome, expanded 40, 41
virus 35, 36, 149, 165, 182
infection 37
Dermatophytic infections 135t
Dermatophytosis 138, 141
Dialysis, different forms of 87f
Diaphoresis 201
Diarrhea 238
Dihydroartemisinin 59, 60
Direct fluorescent antibody 102
Disability-adjusted life years 7
Disse space 181
Disseminated intravascular coagulation 60, 84, 182
Dizziness 238
Doxycycline 9, 74, 77, 80, 88, 129, 179, 191, 195
Dracunculiasis 21, 238
Drug
fever 216
hypersensitivity reactions 228
induced hypersensitivity syndrome 161
Dyspnea 201
E
Ebola 19
prevention of 179
viral disease 177
Echinococcosis 240
Echovirus 164
Ecthyma gangrenosum 162
Edema, pulmonary 56
Electroencephalogram 120
Elephantiasis 239
Elevated creatine phosphokinase 204
Emerging infectious diseases 233, 233b, 234b, 235
Emergomyces africanus infection 134f
Emergomycosis 136, 139, 142
Empiric antimicrobials 226
Encephalitic syndrome, acute 21
Encephalitis 23, 25, 41, 95, 191, 192
Encephalomyelitis 192
acute disseminated 118, 188
Encephalopathy 25, 31, 41
syndrome 195
Endocarditis 227
Endocrine disorders 216
Enteric fever 2125, 29, 84, 105, 106, 109f, 110, 111t, 192
Enterica serovar typhi 105
Entomophthoromycosis 135, 138
Enzyme-linked immunoassay 75, 76, 79, 85, 93
tests 78
Eosinopenia 109
Eosinophilia 128
Epidermophyton 134
Epstein-Barr virus 171, 181, 184, 209
Eruption 24
Erythema 183f
infectiosum 157
nodosum 83, 163
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate 86, 119, 227
Ethambutol 190
Eumycetoma 131, 142, 241
Exanthem subitum 157
Extended spectrum beta-lactamase enzymes 9
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation 203
F
Facial plaques 134
Faine's criteria, modified 85t
Falciparum malaria 21, 185
Fasciola hepatica 238
Fascioliasis 238
Fat embolism 200
Febrile
encephalopathy, acute 21
illness 119
acute 84, 199
nonhemolytic transfusion reaction 215
syndromes 23t
Fecal microbiota transplant 218
Fever 14, 17, 2022, 2426, 26fc, 27, 30, 31, 85, 91, 107, 156, 165t, 166t–168t, 180, 88, 195, 199, 207, 208, 209, 209t, 213, 240
bacterial hemorrhagic 177, 178
causes of 157t, 164, 180, 209t
clinical features of 183f
consequences of 17
differential diagnosis of 166t, 171
early postoperative 215
etiology of 181t
hemorrhagic 173, 174t, 177
iatrogenic 216
infectious causes of 213b
malarial 148fc
measurement of 214
mild 238
noninfectious causes of 214t
nonmalarial 148fc
parasitic hemorrhagic 177
paratyphoid 105
pathogenesis of 15fc
pathophysiology of 14
relapsing 23
rheumatic 23
rickettsial spotted 23
scarlet 24
spotted 75, 79
trench 79
tropical 1, 3, 19, 33, 195t
viral hemorrhagic 163, 176
Fight infections 251
Filarial infection 129
Filariasis 21, 125, 188, 242
Filarioidea 125
Flagellar H antigen 105
Flavivirus 90, 182, 188, 237
Fosfomycin 10
Fulminant hepatic failure 41
Fungal infection 22, 131, 132t, 135, 138, 138t
disseminated 24
tropical 136
Fungus 19
G
Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase 186
Gastrointestinal system 83
Gentamycin 9
German measles 23
Giant cell
arteritis 226
multinucleated 171
Glasgow coma score 56
Glomerulonephritis 41
Glycophosphatidylinositol 55
Gomori methenamine silver 137
Gonococcal infection 22
Granulomatous diseases 229
Guanosine triphosphatase 106
Guillain-Barré syndrome 25, 41, 83, 95, 118, 188, 189
H
Haemophilus influenza 168
Hand-foot-and-mouth disease 159
Hantavirus 84, 173, 177, 182, 184, 185
infection 21, 233
Headache 25, 85, 107, 194, 240
Helminthiasis 125
Helminthic disease 25
Hemagglutination inhibition 119
Hematocrit, implication of 185t
Hematuria 183
Hemodialysis, intermittent 87
Hemoglobin 56, 109, 186
Hemoglobinuria 205
Hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets syndrome 46, 83
Hemolytic uremic syndrome 41
Hemoptysis 201
Hemorrhage 84, 91
conjunctival 40f
intracerebral 25
intracranial 41
pulmonary 41, 176
Henoch-Schönlein purpura 25, 165
Hepatitis 41
A 21, 84
acute viral 149
B 22, 171
surface antigen 184
virus 165, 170
C 22, 171
virus 165, 170
granulomatous 229
viral 21, 184
Hepatomegaly 41, 207
Hepatorenal syndrome 84, 180, 181t, 184
Hepatosplenomegaly 20, 107
High positive-end expiratory pressure 87
Histidine-based rapid test 29
Histoplasmosis 228
Hookworms 241
Horowitz index 199
Howell-Jolly bodies 210
Human immunodeficiency virus 3, 19, 57, 65, 66, 69, 75, 133, 136, 143, 153, 156, 163, 165, 166, 170, 196, 209, 234, 236, 245
infection 66, 233
Human metapneumovirus 9799
Hydrocele 239
Hydrocephalus 191f
Hydrophobia 189
Hypercarbia 199
Hyperintense fluid-attenuated inversion recovery 121f
Hyperparasitemia 56
Hyperthermia 17
malignant 215
Hypoalbuminemia 65
Hypoglycemia 56, 59
Hypoxia 199
I
Icteric leptospirosis 83
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura 41, 165
Immune fluorescence assay 80
Immunization 112
Immunochromatographic test 75, 76, 78
Immunofluorescent assay 75, 76, 79
Immunoglobulin
A nephropathy 41
E 184
G 75, 78, 84, 110
intravenous 122
M 75, 78, 79, 91, 110, 119, 184
Indian tick typhus 79
Indirect fluorescent antibody 29, 75
Indirect immunoperoxidase test 75, 76
Infections 208
bacterial 190
phases of 39
tropical 186t, 187t
Infectious diseases 209, 232
Influenza 19, 84, 98, 206, 245
A 97
B 97
viruses 97
Ingestion 21
Intensive care unit 199, 213, 213b, 214t
Interferon-gamma 55, 65
Interleukin 15, 118f
Intracranial pressure 31, 119, 195
raised 119
Intrauterine growth restriction 57
Intravenous fluids 183
judicious use of 87
Invasive ventilation 87
Iridocyclitis 191
Isavuconazole 140
Isoniazid 190
Itchy rash 238
Ivermectin 126
J
Japanese encephalitis 21, 23, 25, 29, 115, 123, 190, 233
pathogenesis of 118f
transmission of 116f
vectors of 116f
virion, structure of 116f
virus 23, 115
Jaundice 26, 30, 56, 85, 183f
Jock itch 135
K
Kala-azar 21, 64
Kawasaki disease 160
Keloid blastomycosis 136
Keloidal skin lesion 134
Kidney
injury, acute 55, 86, 182, 205, 227
replacement treatment 86
continuous 87
prolonged intermittent 87
Kyasanur forest disease 233
L
Lactate dehydrogenase-based rapid test 29
Larva migrans, cutaneous 22
Lassa fever 176
Legionella pneumophilia 153
Leishmania 19, 195
chagasi 64
donovani complex 64
infantum 64
Leishmaniasis 64, 193, 239
cutaneous 64
Leprosy 239, 242
Leptospira 19, 82, 83
interrogans 204
Leptospirosis 21, 23, 25, 29, 75, 82, 83, 86, 88f, 149, 158, 171, 173, 181, 183, 184, 187, 204, 206, 235
clinical features of 204
pathogenesis of 84fc
treatment 185t
Leukemia 25, 226
Leukocytosis 86
polymorphonuclear 119
Leukopenia 66, 91
Linezolid 10
Lipopolysaccharide 15, 84
Liposaccharide O antigen 105
Liver
biopsy 211
failure, acute 26
function test 86, 186
abnormal 204
Lobomycosis 131, 136, 138, 142
Lockdowns 247
Loop-mediated isothermal amplification 67, 102
Lumbosacral plexopathy 188
Lumefantrine 60
Lung
collapse 203
injury 200
protective ventilation 87, 203
Lyme disease 21, 23, 25, 171, 191
Lymphadenopathy 20, 27, 41, 207209, 209t
peripheral 208
Lymphatic filariasis 125, 239
elimination of 126
Lymphatic vessels 127
Lymphoblasts 210
Lymphocytes, abnormal 210
Lymphoedema 129
Lymphohistiocytosis, hemophagocytic 41
Lyssavirus 240
M
Macular rash 24
Maculopapular rash 22, 24
Maftivimab 178
Magnetic resonance imaging 29, 57, 120, 121f, 194f
Major histocompatibility complex 38
Malaria 3, 2123, 25, 26, 28, 28f, 52, 56t, 61, 75, 84, 183185, 187, 205, 206, 234, 235
diagnosis of 149
drug treatment of 59b
severe 53, 59, 61, 205
treatment of 185t, 205
uncomplicated 59, 185
Malarial parasite, life cycle of 53f
Mansonella
ozzardi 125
perstance 125
streptocerca 125
Mean arterial pressure 203
Measles 19, 22, 24, 157
Mechanical ventilation 87
Mefloquine 60
Melioidosis 2123, 25, 180, 190
Meningism 85, 189
Meningitis 25, 95, 190, 191, 195
lymphocytic 191
Meningococcal diseases 75
Meningococcemia 84
Meningoencephalitis 23, 25
Mental status, altered 23
Meropenem 111
Metapneumovirus 97
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection 3
Methotrexate 96
Metronidazole 9
Microglia hypertrophy 117
Microscopic agglutination test 85, 175
Middle east respiratory syndrome 100, 233, 234
Miliary neurocysticercosis 194f
Miltefosine 69
Monkeypox 21
Monocytosis 109
Mononeuritis multiplex 25
Mononeuropathy 41, 188
Mononuclear pleocytosis 192
Mononucleosis, infectious 157
Motor evoked potentials 120
Mucormycosis 22
Mucosal leishmaniasis 64
Mucous membrane 173
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis 234, 235
Multiorgan dysfunction 21, 73, 180, 193
syndrome 181, 202
Myalgia 38
Mycetoma 135, 136, 241
diagnosis of 242
Mycobacterium
fortuitum 22
leprae 239
marinum 22
tuberculosis 8, 184
Mycoplasma pneumoniae 153
Mycosis 141
tropical 140
Myelitis 25, 191
transverse 25, 41, 118
Myelopathy 25
Myocarditis 41, 68, 83
Myoclonus 25
N
Nakayama vaccine 122
Nausea 68, 238
Necator americanus 241
Neck rigidity 25
Neglected tropical diseases 10, 10b, 236, 237b, 242
control of 243
Neisseria meningitides 168
Nephritis 181
Nerve injury, immune-mediated 188
Neurocysticercosis 25, 188, 194
Neuropathy 25
peripheral 23
Neutrophils 201
count, absolute 213
polymorphonuclear 202
Night sweats 210
Nipah virus 19, 23, 25
encephalitis 189
Nitrofurantoin 9
Nitrogen retention 85
N-methyl-D-aspartate 118
Nodular lesion 24
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs 43, 93
Nosocomial infections 216
Nuclear medicine testing 228
Nucleic acid
amplification tests 57, 102
sequence-based amplification 102
O
Odesivimab 178
Onchocerca volvulus 7, 125, 165
Onchocerciasis 239
Onychomycosis 135
Opsoclonus myoclonus 25
Optical immunoassay 102
Organ systems 214t
Orientia tsutsugamushi 71, 177, 182, 192, 204
isolation 75
transmission of 72f
Orthomyxoviridae 97
P
Pain
bone 38
chest 201
muscle 85
Pancreatitis 41, 83
Pancytopenia 66
Paracoccidioides brasiliensis 140
Paracoccidioidomycosis 131, 138, 143
Parainfluenza 97, 98, 99
virus 97, 99
Paramyxoviridae 97, 189
Parasite 210
detection 67
specific lactate dehydrogenase 29
Parasitic disease 24
Parechoviruses 97
Paromomycin 69
Parotitis, acute 41
Penicillin 88, 216
Penicilliosis 136
Pericarditis 41
Peripheral blood 229
smear 42, 75
Phaeohyphomycosis 131
Phenytoin 210, 216
Photodynamic therapy 143
Picornaviruses 97
Piperaquine 60
Pityriasis versicolor 134, 141
superficial infection of 131
Plague 21
Plasma glucose 56
Plasmapheresis 89
Plasmodium
falciparum 7, 28, 52, 57, 149, 177, 193
malaria 59
parasitemia 56
knowlesi 52
malariae 22, 52
ovale 8, 52
vivax 8, 22, 52, 62, 177
infection, diagnosis of 150
malaria, chloroquine sensitive 59
Plateau pressure 87
Platelet 109
transfusion 44t
Pneumonia
bacterial 227
hospital-acquired 217fc
Pneumonitis 41
Pneumothorax 203
Poecilia reticulata 48
Poliomyelitis 21
Polyarthralgia, post-chikungunya 96
Polyenes 140
Polymerase chain reaction 42, 67, 75, 76, 79, 102, 110, 119, 175, 184
Polymyxin B 10
Polyneuropathies 41
Polysaccharide capsule 105
Post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis 64, 66, 70
Praziquantel 195
Pregnancy 45
acute fatty liver of 83
Procainamide 216
Prostaglandin E 15
Prostration 56
Protein, histidine-rich 205
Proteinuria 41
Protozoa 19
Protozoal disease 25
Pruritus 166t, 210
Pseudallescheria boydii 136
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 167
Psychiatric illness 23
Purpura 25
Pustular rash 24
Pyrazinamide 190
Pyrexia of unknown origin 210, 225, 229
diagnosis of 226
outcome of 230
Pyrogens 15
Q
Q fever 4, 21, 22, 79
Quinidine 216
Quinine 59
R
Rabies 189, 240
Radiation 15
Radiculopathy 25
Rapid
antigen test 28
detection tests 29
diagnostic test 57, 67
Rash 20, 22, 24, 39f, 91, 156, 157t, 166t, 168t
distribution of 22
morphology of 165t, 169t
Rat bite fever 158
Red blood cell 5254, 215
Renal cell carcinoma 226
Renal failure 27, 30
acute 27, 41
Renal function tests 204
Renal replacement therapy
continuous 31, 87
prolonged intermittent 87
Renal tubular necrosis 84
Respiratory distress 31, 199
Respiratory syncytial virus 97, 98
Respiratory tract infections 97
lower 97
Reticuloendothelial system 106
Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction 50, 86, 91, 102
Rhabdomyolysis 83
Rheumatoid arthritis 225, 227
Rhinovirus 97, 98, 101
Ribonucleic acid 90
Rickettsia 19, 173, 192
Rickettsial
diseases 71, 78, 79, 79t, 80
organism 71
pox 24, 79
Riedel's lobe 207
Rifampicin 77, 190, 191, 204, 239
Rigor 210
River blindness 126, 239
Rocky mountain spotted fever 23, 79
Rotavirus 19
Roundworms 241
Rubeola 22, 157
S
Saint Louise virus 173
Salmonella 19
enterica 105
serovar typhi 192
hirschfeldii 105
paratyphi 105
schottmuelleri 105
typhi 105
virulence of 105
Sarcoidosis 228, 229
Sarcoptes scabiei 241
Scabies 241
Schistosoma 19, 240
haematobium 108, 240
japonicum 193, 240
mansoni 165, 240
Schistosomiasis 22, 193, 240
Scrotum, swelling of 239
Scrub typhus 21, 23, 24, 29, 71, 74, 75t, 77, 77t, 79, 79t, 84, 158, 182184, 187, 204, 206, 227, 235
differential diagnosis of 75t
diagnosis of 204
Seizure 25, 194
Sensorium, altered 25
Sepsis, bacterial 21
Serological tests 67, 102
Serum agglutination test 85
Severe acute respiratory syndrome 100, 233, 234
Sexually transmitted
diseases 167
infection 163
Shock 56, 91, 199
compensated 56
decompensated 56
Skin rash 183
Smallpox 24
Snakebite envenomation 237
Sodium stibogluconate 68
Soil-transmitted helminthiasis 241, 243
Splenic tumors 211
Sporotrichosis 131, 134, 138, 141
Squamous cell carcinoma 135
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome 161, 167
Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome 160
Staphylococcus aureus 15
infection 3
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia 167
Stevens-Johnson syndrome 166, 167
Still's disease 159
Streptococci viridians 167
Streptococcus pneumoniae 167
Stress disorder, post-traumatic 242
Stroke 25
hemorrhagic 188
Strongyloidiasis 22
Sulfamethoxazole plus trimethoprim 9
Sulfasalazine 96
Surgical site infections 219
Syphilis 22, 159, 171
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome 202, 215
Systemic lupus erythematosus 166, 209
Systemic rheumatic diseases 225, 227
T
Tachycardia 201
Tachypnea 201
Taenia solium 194, 240
Talaromyces marneffei 137
Talaromycosis 136, 139, 142
Tetanus 192
Tetracycline 77
Thermotherapy 143
Thrombocytopenia 30, 86, 91, 173
immune-mediated 93
Thromboembolism, pulmonary 203
Thrombophlebitis 68
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura 25, 83
Tigecycline 10
Tinea
capitis 134f, 135
cruris 135
incognito 135
pedis 135
unguium 135
Togaviridae 90, 237
Total leukocytic count 109
Toxemia, pre-eclamptic 46
Toxic epidermal necrolysis 165167, 170
Toxic shock syndrome 167
Toxoplasmosis 21, 22, 171
Trachoma 241
Treponema pallidum pertenue 238
Trichuris 241
Tropical fever 1, 3, 19, 33, 195t
drug discovery for 7
etiology of 4, 19t
Tropical infection 186t, 187t
treatment of 30
Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia syndrome 239
Trypanosoma 19
brucei gambiense infection 238
cruzi 8, 165, 236
Tsutsugamushi triangle 71, 72
Tubercular meningitis 190
Tuberculosis 19, 22, 23, 181, 190, 191f, 229
drug-resistant 3
pulmonary 227
Tularemia 21
Tumor necrosis factor 15, 16, 65, 118f, 148
Typhidot 29, 110
Typhoid 75
fever 23, 158
complications of 107
vaccines 112, 113t
toxin 105
Typhus 23, 71
endemic 23, 79
epidemic 79
fever 79
U
Urinary tract infection 216
catheter-associated 219, 221fc
Urticaria eruption 24
Uveitis, chronic 83
V
Vaccines 47, 61
Varicella 24, 161, 164
zoster 19
Vascular cell adhesion molecule 53
Vasculitis 225
systemic 25
urticarial 162
Venovenous
hemodialysis, continuous 87
hemofiltration, accelerated 87
Ventilation, noninvasive 87
Ventilator-associated pneumonia 204, 216, 217, 217fc
pathophysiology of 217fc
Vesiculobullous lesion 24
Viral capsid antigen 184
Virchow Robin spaces 117
Virus 19, 35, 188, 236
Visceral leishmaniasis 64, 69
coinfection 66, 69
Vomiting 68, 238
W
Weakness 240
Weight loss 210
Weil's disease 204
Weil-Felix test 29
West Nile
fever 23
virus 23, 233
Whipworm 241
White blood cell 54, 175, 186, 218
Widal test 29, 110
Wolbachia bacteria 127, 129
Worms, parasitic 236
Wuchereria bancrofti 125
Y
Yaws 238
Yellow fever 21, 27, 177, 179
virus 173
Z
Zika 90, 96, 180, 189
fever 91t
virus 23, 25, 9093, 96, 233
infection 90
outbreaks of 92f
×
Chapter Notes

Save Clear