PG Textbook of Pediatrics (3 Volumes) Piyush Gupta, PSN Menon, Siddarth Ramji, Rakesh Lodha
INDEX
Page numbers followed by b refer to box, f refer to figure, fc refer to flowchart, and t refer to table.
A
α-1 antitrypsin deficiency. See Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
α-fetoprotein. See Alpha-fetoprotein
Aarskog syndrome 53
Abacavir 1559, 3583
Abdala vaccine 1193
Abdomen 475, 598, 2558
computed tomography scan of 1641f, 1737
contrast-enhanced computed tomography of 1743f, 1842
magnetic resonance imaging of 1736
plain X-ray of 604, 749, 754, 1809
transverse span of 768f
tuberculosis of 1842f
ultrasound of 1837, 1842
Abdominal crisis
in sickle cell disease 2015
Abdominal distension 1066f, 1760, 1833
massive 147f
Abdominal mass 775, 1761, 2488
Abdominal migraine 1759, 1778, 1791, 2660
Abdominal pain, recurrent 1419, 1789
Abdominal tuberculosis 1433, 1840, 1841f, 1843
classification of 1841t
Abdominal ultrasound 90, 749, 2317
Abdominal viscera, herniation of 753
Abdominal viscus, protrusion of 1851
Abdominal wall
defects 620, 759f
malformations 769
Abetalipoproteinemia 86, 1745, 1813, 2728, 2765
Ab-externo surgeries 3250
Ab-interno surgeries 3250
ABG. See Arterial blood gas
Ablepharon 3212
Abnormal uterine bleeding 1268
differential diagnosis of 1268b
management of 1269t
ABO incompatibility 552
Abortions 532
Abrasions 545
Abscess formation, stages of 2687
Absence seizures 2634, 2643
Absolute lymphocyte count 1987
Absolute neutrophil count 215, 635, 1985
Absorption 1990
defects of 1740
Abusive head trauma 3481
Academic challenge 1286fc
Acalculous cholecystitis 1542
Acanthocyte 1977t
Acanthosis nigricans 861f
Accessory tongue 843f
Accidental contamination 1092
Accidental poisoning 412
Accommodative esotropia 3263
Accredited social health activist 29, 448, 460, 480, 3514f
ACE. See Angiotensin-converting enzyme
Acellular pertussis vaccine 1209, 1360
Acetabular index 3428
Acetaminophen 3583
Acetazolamide 2550, 3583
Acetylcholine 1052
Acetylcholinesterase 2609, 2917
Acetylsalicylic acid 3583
Achalasia addisonianism-alacrimia syndrome 2926
Achalasia cardia 1755, 1777f, 1778f, 1780, 1781, 1781f
barium esophagogram of 1780f
Achlorhydria syndrome 1803
Achondroplasia 43, 44, 71, 73, 799f, 872f, 2775, 3446, 3447, 3447f
Acid burns 431f
Acid fast bacilli 1437f, 1443, 1447, 1456, 1457, 1669, 1840, 1847, 2142, 2670, 2677
Acid glucosidase 179
Acid maltase deficiency 2835
Acid peptic disease 1793, 1796
Acid poisoning 390
Acid sphingomyelinase
action, chemical basis of 157f
deficiency 156, 158
Acid suppression therapy 1785
Acid-base
abnormalities 263
balance, abnormalities of 263
disorder 261, 261t, 262fc, 2111t
disturbance 110, 1712, 1939
equilibrium 258
homeostasis 720
nomogram 2112f
regulation 2482
status 2111
Acidemia 258, 2539
Acidified glycerol lysis test 2033
Acidosis 92, 109, 113, 258, 261, 1589, 2465, 2541, 2577, 2970
Acinetobacter baumannii 1318, 1321, 1901
Acinic cell carcinoma 1774
ACLS. See Advanced cardiac life support
Acne 1224
syndrome 3201
Acneiform erution 3356f
ACoRN scoring system 474t
Acoustic nerve 2589
Acquired growth hormone
deficiency 2873
resistance 2874
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 5, 6, 16, 28, 1052, 1096, 1223, 1275, 1402, 1415, 1456, 1544, 1547b, 1605, 1622, 1646, 1662, 1676, 1729, 1744, 1814, 1829, 1898, 2707, 3285. Also See HIV
Acquired myasthenic syndromes 2846, 2849
Acrocallosal syndrome 53
Acrocentric chromosomes 58
Acrocyanosis 3301
Acrodermatitis enteropathica 1071f, 3363, 3363f
Acromegaly 2463
Acroparesthesia 136
Acropustulosis 3377
ACTH. See Adrenocorticotropic hormone
ACTH stimulation test 2924
Actinomyces israelii 1417, 1423
Actinomycosis 1417, 1418
Activated charcoal 372
Activated coagulation time 2095
Activated partial thromboplastin time 166, 586, 855, 2047, 2052, 2053, 2056, 2099, 2125, 2713
Activated protein C resistance 2711
Active immunization 1357, 1404, 1481, 1483, 1499
Active listening 1282, 1284, 1285t
Active surveillance 1101t, 1128
Acute abdominal pain 1759
causes of 1759t
Acute allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis 1658
Acute asthma exacerbations, home management of 2198b
Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis 2149f, 2150, 2152
clinical presentations of 2150t
Acute central nervous system event 2015
Acute cerebellar ataxia 2807
Acute chemical injury 3229f
Acute chest syndrome 2016, 2019
Acute childhood ataxia 2727f
Acute demyelination
diagnostic evaluation of 2742
differential diagnosis of 2742
Acute diarrhea. See Diarrhea
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis 2736
Acute encephalitic syndrome 1565, 1565b
Acute encephalopathy 114, 2757, 2758
Acute flaccid myelitis 1532, 2803
Acute flaccid paralysis 1135, 1468, 1529, 1532, 1536, 2800, 2802t, 2803, 2804, 2804fc
surveillance 1538, 1539t
Acute fluoride intoxication 1079
Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis 3346, 3348f, 3348t, 3349t
Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis 3405
Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis 1532
Acute hepatitis 1906, 1909
A, atypical features of 1542
etiology of 1906b
Acute hypersensitivity pneumonitis 2225
Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy 2805, 2862
Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculopathy 2781, 2786
Acute intercurrent illnesses 110
Acute intermittent porphyria 194, 197, 2807
Acute interstitial nephritis 399, 2530
Acute intraepithelial inflammatory cells 1814
Acute kidney injury 399, 678, 1523, 1689, 1694, 2513, 2527, 2528, 2530b, 2530t, 2531, 2532
causes of 2532b
clinical features of 2529b
community acquired 2528
complications of 2531t
diagnosis of 2530
etiology of 2528t
infection-associated 2529
pathophysiology of 3114
staging of 2527t
Acute liver failure 1906, 1930, 1938, 1939, 1940t
causes of 1938t
Acute lower respiratory infection 1182
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia 209, 1681f, 2092f, 3018, 3019t, 3020, 3021t, 3022f, 3022t, 3023f
maintenance of 3023f
morphology of 3020f
World Health Organization classification of 3021b
Acute meningitis 1391. Also See Meningitis
Acute meningococcemia 1391
Acute metabolic crises 113
Acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) 2805, 2862
Acute myasthenic crisis 2807
Acute myeloid leukemia 1682f, 3024, 3025b, 3025f, 3027, 3027f, 3028f, 3029, 3029t, 3030
bone marrow in 3027f
World Health Organization classification of 3027b
Acute myeloblastic leukemia 3019
Acute myelogenous leukemia 1978, 2070
Acute nephritic syndrome. Also See Nephritic syndrome, nephritis 2507, 2508
causes of 2508b
evaluation of 2508b
Acute onset focal neurological deficits 2758
Acute otitis media 1184, 2135, 2137, 2137f, 2180
Acute pancreatitis 94, 408, 1542, 1797, 1799, 1800b, 1801
clinical features of 1798t
complications of 1799t
idiopathic 1798
Acute pandysautonomia pure sensory variant 2807
Acute pericarditis 2438, 2439, 2439f
Acute pharyngitis 2143, 2147
Acute pharyngotonsillitis 1380
Acute phase reactants 3151, 3163, 3170
Acute postinfectious measles encephalitis 1476
Acute promyelocytic leukemia 2099, 3029
Acute pyelonephritis 2566
Acute recurrent headache 2659
Acute recurrent pancreatitis 1797
Acute renal failure 1696, 2527
Acute respiratory acidosis 340
Acute respiratory alkalosis 264, 340
Acute respiratory distress syndrome 255, 337, 343, 343t, 345f, 345t, 346348, 348t, 354, 368, 380, 417, 990, 1401, 1410, 1519, 1523, 1623, 1689, 1691
Berlin definition of 344t
management of 347fc
Acute respiratory failure 337, 340, 340t, 341
Acute respiratory infections 336, 2143, 2202
control program 2208
Acute retroviral syndrome 1545
Acute rheumatic fever 1379, 1382, 2402, 2403fc, 2404t, 2406
differential diagnosis of 2405t
treatment of 2407t
Acute rhinosinusitis 2149, 2149b, 2149f
differential diagnosis of 2151t
Acute schistosomiasis 1623
Acute seizures 2672
Acute severe asthma 2197, 2197t
Acute splenic sequestration crisis 2016, 2017f, 2019
Acute suppurative otitis media 2133
Acute suppurative thyroiditis 2889
Acute symptomatic seizures 2632
Acute thyroiditis 2889
Acute tonsillitis 2154, 2154f
Acute tubular necrosis 396, 2487, 2528
evaluation of 2487
Acute upper respiratory infection 2150
Acute urticaria 3334
Acute vasoreactivity testing 2400
Acute viral hepatitis 1539, 1540, 1543, 1844
differential diagnosis of 1542t
Acute vomiting 1775
Acute watery diarrhea 1707, 1710, 1712. Also See Diarrhea
Acute wheezing 2176
Acute-on-chronic liver failure 1909, 1910b, 1921
Acyanotic defects 865
Acyclovir 1471, 3583
Acylcarnitines 120, 121
Acylglycine 120
Adalimumab 3145
Adamantiades-Behçet disease 3292
Adams forward bending test 3400
Adaptive behavior 918t
Adaptive immunity 204, 205, 3111
Addison disease 188, 1746, 2546, 2924, 2925f
Adductor angle 629t
ADEM. See Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
ADH. See Antidiuretic hormone
ADHD. See Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
Adenine 35f, 36
Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase 2550
Adeno-associated viruses 1467
Adenocarcinoma 1419
Adenohypophysis 2868
Adenoid cystic carcinoma 1774
Adenoid facies 2156f
Adenoid hypertrophy, endoscopic grading of 2157f
severe 2157f
Adenoids 2154, 2157f
diseases of 2154
Adenoiditis 2154, 2156
acute 2156
recurrent 2156
Adenoma sebaceum 2750f, 3371f
Adenomatous polyposis coli 1943
Adenopathy 2155
Adenosine 317, 697, 2452, 3584
Adenosine deaminase 229, 1736, 1842
Adenosine deaminase deficiency 218
Adenosine diphosphate 167, 250f, 1954
Adenosine triphosphate 122, 123, 127, 167, 250f, 278, 567, 671, 677, 678, 681, 993, 1613, 1702, 1935, 1954
Adenosylcobalamin deficiency 1998
Adenotonsillar hypertrophy 2158
Adenotonsillectomy 2161
Adenovirus 1490, 2506, 2675
Adenylate cyclase toxin 1358
Adenylosuccinate lyase deficiency 2762
Adhesinolysis 2496
Adhesive injury 3310
Adie pupil 3260
Adipocyte rebound 857
Adipokines
in obesity 859t
Adiponectin 859t
Adipsic hypernatremia 2880
Adjunctive antibiotics 1396
Adjunctive therapy 179, 637, 1442
Adjustment disorders 1252
Admixture lesions 2386
physiology of 2386
Adnexal injuries 3278
Adolescence. See Adolescent
Adolescent 15, 2656
counseling 1225, 1281
depression 1252
antidepressants and psychotherapy trial 1252
drinking index 1253
friendly health services 1294, 1295, 1296f
growth 797
gynecomastia 2914
health 3513
homosexuality 1228
idiopathic scoliosis 3420
immunization 1224
kyphosis 3423
medicine 4
mental health issues 1223
nutrition 1242, 1248
reproductive and sexual health 1094, 1222
reproductive tract infections 1224
rights 1221
vaccination 1144
with calpainopathy 2784f
Adolescent health. Also See RMNCH+A
Adolescent immunization 1224, 1290
Adoption 3487b
medical and legal issues 3486
present status of 3486
screening checklist for 3489b
ADR. See Adverse drug reactions
Adrenal androgens 2910
Adrenal carcinoma 2935
Adrenal cortex, physiology of 2915
Adrenal crisis 2924, 2927
Adrenal disorders 2907
Adrenal gland 2867, 2915
cortex of 2915
medulla of 2915, 2917
physiology of 2915
Adrenal hemorrhage
massive 2924
Adrenal hyperplasia 80, 2929
Adrenal insufficiency 188, 256, 2924, 2926fc, 2935, 2999
causes of 2924b
diagnosis of 2924
Adrenal tumors 2935
Adrenaline 2086, 3583
Adrenarche 2897t
Adrenocortical hormone 2621
Adrenocortical steroid biosynthesis 2916
Adrenocorticotropic hormone 188, 868, 1032, 2558, 2745, 2898f, 2915, 2918, 2924, 2930, 2944, 2947, 2972, 2989, 3001, 3583
Adrenocorticotropin 1780
resistance syndromes 2929
Adrenoleukodystrophy 88, 128, 27652767
Adult respiratory distress syndrome 1665
Adult serine deficiency phenotype 101
Advanced cardiac life support 439
Advanced trauma life support 414, 438, 439
Adventitious sounds 2118
Adverse drug reactions 284, 285b
Adverse events following immunization 1123, 1124, 1124t, 1147
Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices 1142, 1154, 1185, 1212
AED. See Antiepileptic drugs
Aedes aegypti 1206, 1568, 1573, 1578
AEFI. See Adverse events following immunization
Aerobic bacteria 644
Aerosol therapy 2199
Afibrinogenemia 2065
congenital 2055
AFP. See Acute flaccid paralysis
AFP surveillance 1539
Agammaglobulinemia 39
Age-dependent anthropometric measurements 1034
Age-independent anthropometric measurements 1035
Agenesis 843, 844f, 3227
Ages and Stages Screening Questionnaire 893
Agglutination tests 1310
Agonal breathing 309
Aicardi syndrome 53
Aicardi-Goutiere syndrome 2586, 2611
AIDS. See Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
AIDS. See HIV
Air bronchograms 711f
Air displacement plethysmography 857t
Air leak syndromes 337, 355, 359, 620, 2215
Air pollution 3504
Air transport 621f
Air ventilation 1327
Airborne virus 1497
Airway 300, 315, 320, 322, 367, 412414, 438, 439, 467, 617, 618, 636, 1575, 1576, 2197
abnormality 694
clearance 2815
clearance techniques 2234, 2241
deposition 2199
disorders 337
foreign body 2246
hyper-responsiveness 2191
obstruction 596, 2120t, 2156
pressure release ventilation 357
resistance 2114
AKI. See Acute kidney injury
Alacrimia 2926
Alagille syndrome 1875, 1876f, 2342, 3292
diagnosis of 1875b
Alanine 93, 108
Alanine aminotransferase 331, 855, 1523, 1539, 15411543, 1801, 1865, 1866, 1869, 1878, 1907, 1911
Alanine transaminase 109, 234, 1568, 1917, 1920, 1921
Alarm therapy 2502
Albendazole 1630, 2685, 3584
Albert stain 1308
Albinism 82f, 1867, 1908, 3287, 3322, 3399f
Albright hereditary osteodystrophy 2988, 2990, 2991f
Albumin 3584
excretion rate 2572, 2972
levels of 2523
Albuminocytologic dissociation 2586
Albuminuria 162
Albuterol 3613
ALCAPA 2337
Alcohol 387, 1272
abuse 15
Alcoholic stem thermometers 1122
Aldosterone 2540, 2917
antagonists 2304
deficiency 2546
receptor antagonist 2560
related hypertension 2940t
unresponsiveness 2540
Alendronate 288
Alexander disease 2770
Algid malaria 1589
Alimentary tract 1468
Aliphatic hydrocarbons 379
Alkalemia 258
Alkali 390
Alkali poisoning
DROOL score for 392t
Alkali therapy 731
Alkalosis 258, 261, 274, 2630
Alkalotic syndrome 280
Alkaline peptone water 1721
Alkaline phosphatase 1866, 1878, 1893, 1906, 1911
abnormal 1866t
Alkaptonuria 82f, 98, 2550, 3287
ALL. See Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Alleles 38
specific oligonucleotide 2011
Allen's picture chart 3222
Allen's test 260
Allergy 3, 208, 213, 236, 237, 1794, 2150
basis of 236
testing, modes of 214t
Allergen 237, 246, 2191
immunotherapy 2130
specific immunoglobulin E levels, interpretation of 245t
specific immunotherapy 246
testing 2130
Allergic disorders 241, 242, 242t, 243, 246
burden of 241
classification of 241
diagnosis of 241
management of 241
Allergic asthma 242
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis 1657, 1658b, 1658f, 1659t, 1659t
Allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis 1657
Allergic conjunctivitis 242
Allergic contact dermatitis 3334
Allergic fungal airway disease 1657
Allergic reactions 1350
Allergic rhinitis 241, 242t, 21282130, 2130t, 2132f, 2144
classification of 242t, 2129t
intermittent 2128
Allgrove syndrome 2926, 2929
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplants 3123
Allografts 2577
Allopurinol 288, 2550, 3584
Almotriptan 2662
Alopecia areata 62, 3395, 3396f
treatment of 3397t
Alpers syndrome 124
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency 1867, 2183
Alpha-aminoadipic semialdehyde 2760
Alpha-blockers 2560
Alpha-cells 1758
Alpha-dystroglycanopathy 2831, 2832f
Alpha-fetoprotein 541, 1867, 1878, 1917, 1923, 1943, 2606
Alpha-glycoprotein 1993
Alpha-hemolytic streptococci 1379
Alpha-linolenic acid 999
Alpha-thalassemia 79, 2018
classification of 2021t
intellectual disability syndrome 2951
Alport syndrome 2509, 2516, 2517, 2519, 3292
diagnosis of 2517
Alprostadil 3584
ALPS. See Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome
Alström syndrome 2960, 2988, 2991
ALTE. See Apparent life-threatening episodes
Altered sensorium 2665
Alternate exotropia 3267f
Alternating hemiplegia 2656, 2710
Alveolar bleeds 2225
Alveolar capillary dysplasia 2219, 2220f
Alveolar hemorrhage 2226
management of 2226
Alveolar hypoventilation 595, 2248fc
Alveolar macrophages 145
Alveolar ventilation 349, 2111f
Alzheimer disease 62
Amanita phalloides 386
Amantadine hydrochloride 3584
Ambiguous genitalia 57, 2524
Ambiguous vaccine-derived poliovirus 1537
Amblyopia 615, 3219
therapy 3295f
treatment 3226
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring 2557
Ambulatory electroencephalography 2589
Amebiasis 1601, 1603, 1623, 1716, 1741
medical treatment of 1604t
Amebic colitis 1602
Amebic liver abscess 1602, 1901, 1902
Amebic meningoencephalitis 1604
differential diagnosis of 1604t
Amebic serology 1903
Amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia 2070, 2084
Amelogenesis imperfecta 844, 844f
Amenorrhea 1263, 1263b, 1266, 1266fc
causes of 1263
etiology of 1264b
Ametropia 3219, 3220
Amiel-Tison neurological examination 628
Amikacin 1446, 2563, 2672, 3584
Amiloride 2560
Amino acid 36, 74, 89, 91, 93, 188
analysis 92
catabolism, disorders of 91
concentrations, normal range of 93t
derivatives 2865
essential 989
formula 1744
interconversion 2605
interpretation of 94fc
metabolism disorders 91
normal pattern of 92f
plasma levels of 103
requirement 1087t
synthesis, disorders of 91, 100
transport, disorders of 101
Aminoacidopathy 83, 89, 91, 92b, 114
evaluation of 91
identification of 92
Aminoaciduria 122, 2541, 2543, 2554
Aminoglycosides 2530
Aminolevulinate synthase 195f
Aminolevulinic acid 197, 198
Aminomethyltransferase 99
Aminophylline 3584
Aminopyrine breath test 1868
Aminosalicylic acid 1830
Aminosidine 1598
Aminotransferases 1865
Amiodarone 288, 317, 2453, 2454, 2456fc, 3584
Amitriptyline 2662
AML. See Acute myeloid leukemia
Amlodipine 2526, 2560, 3585
Ammonia 89, 91, 104, 107, 109, 191, 1868, 1930f
concentration of 1868
detoxification 109
hypothesis 1930
production, inhibition of 110
Ammonium
chloride, oral load of 2541
excretion 260
Amniocentesis 83
Amnionicity 530, 530b
Amniotic fluid 3581
acetylcholinesterase 785
Amniotocele 3277, 3277f
Amodiaquine 3585
Amoxicillin 1371, 2565, 3344f, 3585
clavulanic acid 288
Amphotericin B 1598, 1647, 1674, 3585
colloidal dispersion 1647, 1649
lipid complex 1647, 1649
toxicity 2540
Ampicillin 288, 1371, 3585
rash 1489
sodium trihydrate 3585
Amplatzer septal occluder 2296f
Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography 679, 682
Amrinone 3585
Amylase-rich food 1009
preparation of 1009b
Amyloidosis 150
Amyopathic dermatomyositis 3169
ANA. See Antinuclear antibodies
Anabaena variabilis 97
Anaerobe transport media 1423
Anaerobic bacteria 644, 1422
Anaerobic glycolysis 2035
Anaerobic infections 1422, 1423
Anaerobic liver abscess 1424
Anagen 3395
Anakinra 3146
Anal canal 777f
Anal fissure
acute 1855
Anal intraepithelial neoplasia 1197
Anal reflex 2583
Anal sphincter tone 178
Analgesia 360, 730, 2699
Anaphylaxis 242, 243, 1125
Anaplastic large cell lymphoma 3049, 3049f, 3051, 3054
Anastomotic leak
minor 751
ANCA. See Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody
ANCA-associated vasculitides 2514, 3186
Ancillary tests 2205
Ancylostoma duodenale 1616f
Anderson disease 1813
Anderson Fabry disease 160
Androgen 1979, 2915, 2917, 2919
biosynthesis, disorders of 2949, 2949t
insensitivity syndrome 1264
Androstenedione 2913
acute 1958, 1974
age-specific causes of 1958
causes of 1958
classification of 1974
clinical manifestations of 574t
congenital sideroblastic 1973
correction of 2366
diagnosis of 1957, 1957t
etiology of 1974
evaluation of 574, 1958, 2573
pathophysiology of 1991
prevalence of 1028f, 1989t, 1990t
prevention of 580
severity 1958t
grades of 1958
severe 152, 1589, 1593
signs of 1958f
types of 1958
Anemia Mukt Bharat 1095, 1247, 3516, 3517f
Anencephaly 786, 2610, 2872
Aneuploidy 38, 59, 2071
Aneurysm clips 2597
Aneurysmal rupture 2596
Anganwadi 1247
center 29
services 3515
Angelman syndrome 49, 51, 52, 55, 66, 916, 2636
Angiocardiography 2314
Angioedema 3334t, 3336f, 3345
diagnosis of 3338fc
therapy of 3339
Angiogenesis 2252
Angiography 1899, 2119
Angiokeratoma 86f, 136, 161f, 2518
Angioneurotic edema 2171
Angio-osteohypertrophy
ocular manifestations of 3289
Angiotensin-converting enzyme 153, 276, 395, 1515, 1517f, 2432, 2468, 2497, 2546, 2574, 2822
inhibitors 2304, 2519, 2530, 2546, 2559, 2972
receptors 409, 455
Angiotensin-receptor blocker 276, 2304, 2546, 2560
Angle kappa 3261
Angle's classification 839
Angular cheilitis 1653, 1654f
Angular cheilosis 1053f, 1992
Angular stomatitis 1961
Anhidrosis 2861
Anidulafungin 1648, 1650, 3586
Animal bites 422
management of 1507t
Animal-related injuries, management of 423
Anion gap 89, 264, 368
metabolic acidosis 265
Aniridia 3215, 3250, 3251f
Anisocytosis 2026f
Anisometropia 3219, 3221, 3263
correction of 3224t
Anisosphygmia 2262
Anitschkow cells 2403
Ankle foot orthosis 2853f
Ankle jerk 2583
Ankyloblepharon 3212, 3273
Ankyloglossia 1769
Ann Arbor classification of Hodgkin lymphoma, modified 3044t
Anna Freud theory 1228
Anocutaneous fistula 767
Anodontia 843, 2499
Anogenital warts 3318
Anopheles
culicifacies 1587
stephensi 1587
Anophthalmos 3214
Anorectal disorders 1855
Anorectal malformation 767769, 769f, 773f
spectrum of 767f
Anorectal manometry 1806, 1809
Anorectal varices 1884f, 1899
Anorexia 1760, 1802, 2508, 2541
Anorexia bulimia 978
Anorexia nervosa 978981
management of 980t
Anovestibular fistula 769, 769f, 770f
Antenatal counseling
for breastfeeding 495
Antenatal diagnosis
of neural tube defect 2609
of skeletal dysplasia 3453
Antenatal hydronephrosis 779, 2491
classification of 2491t
Antenatal steroids 710, 715, 746
Antenatal ultrasound examination 2498
Anterior bleeds 2124
Anterior capsular plaque 3240, 3240f
Anterior cataract 3240
Anterior chamber injuries 3280
Anterior cingulate cortex 958
Anterior cord syndrome 2774t
Anterior cortical cataract 3240, 3240f
Anterior epistaxis, site for 2125f
Anterior horn cell 2780
Anterior lenticonus 2517, 3218
Anterior mitral leaflet 2412
Anterior sagittal anorectoplasty 768
Anterior uveitis 3233, 3237
Anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy 2437
Anthropometry 471
Anthropometric parameters, interpretation of 828
Anthropozoonoses 1303
Antiandrogenic therapy 1271
Antiannexin antibodies 3196
Antibiotic 332, 650, 740, 1318, 1355, 1712, 1716, 1903, 2137, 2152, 2231
administration 430
adverse effects of 1351b
choice of 1370, 2691
classification of 1347t
duration of 2137, 2691
for anaerobic infections 1424t
future of 1324
indications of 1370
prophylaxis 2565, 2566, 2567
resistance 650, 1371, 1377, 1385
mechanisms of 1318, 1319f
timeline of 1317f
selection pressure 633
susceptibilities 1345
therapy 424, 636, 636b, 654, 1359, 1423, 2207, 2211, 2234, 2407
deciding duration of 1347
duration of 637t
indications for 1388b
principles of 1344
reassessment of 1347
Antibiotics, role of
oral 2691
Antibiotic-associated diarrhea 1749, 1750, 1752
prevalence of 1750t
Antibiotic-associated diarrhea treatment 649, 1892
Antibiotic regimen, selection of
optimal 1344
Antibody 1491, 3135
competition test 1464
deficiency 220, 229
disorders 215
dependent cellular
cytotoxicity 207
phagocytosis 2075
detection 1677
screening 216
titers 662
Anticancer drugs 3013f
Anticardiolipin antibody 2707, 2710, 3196
Anticell antibody 209
Anticholinergics 2197, 2504, 2721
Anticholinesterase drugs 403
Anticipation 47
Anticipatory guidance 2019, 2179
Anticoagulant 2099, 2101
drugs 2094, 2305
oral 2399
therapy 2094, 2713
Anticonvulsants 71
Anticyclic citrullinated protein antibodies 3133
Anti-D
for ITP 2078
Antidiabetics 378
Antidiuretic hormone 251, 1709, 2668, 2693, 3001
secretion of 255, 2501
Antidotes 371, 372, 374
Anti-dsDNA antibodies 3134
Antiendomysial antibodies 211
Antiepileptic drugs 2605, 26422644
maintenance dose of 674
mechanism of action of 2643
side effects of 2645t
therapy 100, 673
Antifibrinolytic agents 2101
Antifilarial drugs 1630
Antifungal 1649
resistance pattern 1656t
spectrum 1648f
therapy 1647, 1684
Antigen
antibody
based tests 1438
reactions 2507
detection 1513, 1629, 1677
methods 1644
presenting cell 237, 1429
recognition 205
specific clone, proliferation of 206
Antigenic drift 1493
Antigenic shift 1493
Antiglomerular basement membrane 2508, 2509, 2516
Antigravity adaptations 2474
Antigravity movements 2584
Antihelminthic therapy 2685
Antihistamine 246, 374
Antihypertensive agents 2559t
Anti-immunoglobulin E antibody 246
Anti-inflammatory drugs 2241
Antileishmanial drugs 1598
Anti-liver cytosol antibody 1923
Anti-liver kidney microsomal antibody 211, 1923
Antimalarial chemotherapy 1593
Antimalarial combination therapy 1592
Antimannobioside carbohydrate antibody 1842
Antimicrobial 2241
agents 1344, 1350
choice of 1371
prophylaxis 1350
resistance 633, 1316, 1351
detection of 1351
mechanisms of 1351
surveillance of 1321
stewardship 1323, 1352
therapy 423, 636, 653, 659, 1309, 1346, 1724, 2423, 2691, 3112
treatment 1722
Antimicrobial resistance 13161324, 1351
Antimitochondrial antibodies 211
Anti-Müllerian hormone 1270, 2945
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody 210212, 240, 1829, 2183, 2226, 2513, 3134, 3140, 3186, 3187, 3187f
atypical 235