Bronchoscopy Cases Raj Kumar
INDEX
A
Absolute eosinophil count 50, 194
Acid-fast bacillus 50, 84, 142, 156, 169, 180, 194, 196, 199, 203, 227
ADA See Adenosine deaminase
Adenosine deaminase 84, 227
AEC See Absolute eosinophil count
AFB See Acid-fast bacillus
Air
bronchogram 29, 31
space opacification 29
Airflow limitation, mild 91, 117
Alveolar volume 84, 169, 227, 231
ANA See Antinuclear antibodies
Antinuclear antibodies 84, 102, 169, 194
Antitubercular
drugs 40, 42
treatment 2, 6, 12, 16, 20, 26, 30, 34, 38, 46, 50, 84, 102, 169, 194, 227, 231
Appetite, loss of 84, 102, 150, 170, 179, 200, 201, 222
Aspergillus 202
infection 202
ATT See Antitubercular treatment
B
Basal reticular shadows 88
Bilateral cavitating nodules 219, 220
Bilateral centrilobular nodules 80, 96, 141, 147, 157, 173, 177, 179, 188, 192, 230
Bilateral cysts 106
Bilateral ground glass
appearance 159, 165
opacities 112, 129, 135, 139
Bilateral interlobular septal thickening 57, 74, 82, 100, 133, 143, 144, 149, 151, 153, 155, 156
Bilateral lower zone reticulation 175
Bilateral miliary pattern 45
Bilateral nodular
opacities 76, 82, 161
shadows 116, 165, 228
Bilateral patchy
consolidation 27
ground glass opacity 94
Bilateral pleural effusion 33, 213
Bilateral reticulonodular shadow 170
Blood sugar, random 84, 169
Blood urea 3, 5, 7
Breathlessness 84, 102, 150, 156, 201, 220, 222
Bronchial aspirate 6, 8, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 29, 32, 34, 36, 38, 41, 43, 50, 53, 55, 58, 69, 72, 75, 79, 86, 95, 97, 99, 104, 111, 115, 136, 152, 158, 168, 171, 174, 180, 189, 193, 198, 222, 226
and needle 198
Bronchial epithelial cells 180
Bronchiolitis 229
Bronchoalveolar lavage 2, 41, 50, 64, 194, 231
cytology 10
Bronchoscopy 182
C
CAD See Coronary artery disease
Calcium 84
cANCA See Cytoplasmic anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies
Carbon monoxide, diffusion capacity for 84, 102, 169, 194, 227, 231
Carcinoid tumor 226
Cavitary lesion 161
CCP See Cyclic citrullinated peptide
Cellular bronchiolitis 229
Centrilobular nodules 25, 63, 90, 110, 129, 139, 190
Chest
auscultation 5, 61
pain 170, 179
Chronic interstitial inflammation 185
Colds, repeated 73
Connective tissue disease 102
Coronary artery disease 50, 84, 102, 169, 194, 231
Cough 87, 102, 105, 150, 200, 201, 220, 222
productive 12, 18, 73, 84, 214, 185
roductive 156
C-reactive protein 84
CRP See C-reactive protein
CTD See Connective tissue disease
Cyclic citrullinated peptide 84, 102, 169, 194
Cytoplasmic anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies 169, 227
D
Diabetes mellitus 50, 84, 102, 169, 194, 227, 231
Differential leukocyte count 50, 84, 102, 169, 194, 227, 231
Diffusion impairment
mild 168
impairment moderately 104
restriction with moderate 130
moderate 55, 69, 86, 89, 109, 162, 171, 176
restriction with moderate 121
restriction with severe 128
severe 124
Directly observed treatment short 169
DLC See Differential leukocyte count
DLCO Ses Diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide
DM See Diabetes mellitus
DOTS See Directly observed treatment short
Dry cough 65, 178
Dry eyes 170, 179
Dysphagia 170, 179
Dyspnea 73, 87, 105
E
EBB See Endobronchial biopsy
EBLB See Endobronchial lung biopsy
Endobronchial biopsy 4, 8, 14, 16, 20, 26, 50, 53, 55, 69, 86, 104, 111, 115, 168, 171, 174, 176
Endobronchial lung biopsy 36, 50, 84
Endobronchial mass 202, 210
biopsy 198
Exertional dyspnea 12, 185, 212
F
FET See Forced expiratory time
Fever 73, 84
Fiberoptic bronchoscopy 231
Fibrotic lesions 125
Fine needle aspiration cytology 50
FNAC See Fine needle aspiration cytology
FOB See Fiberoptic bronchoscopy
Forced expiratory time 84, 102, 169, 194, 231, 227
Forced vital capacity 84, 102, 169, 194, 227, 231
FVC See Forced vital capacity
G
Gastroesophageal reflux disease 169
GERD See Gastroesophageal reflux disease
Granulomatous inflammation 26, 38, 81, 189
Ground glass
appearance 118
opacities 96, 116, 123, 127, 133, 157, 167, 170, 173, 179, 192, 228, 230
H
Hemoglobin 3, 5, 7
Henoch–Schönlein purpura 194
Hilar lymph nodes 63
Hilar mass 199
Honey combing 133
HSP See Henoch–Schönlein purpura
HTN See Hypertension
Hypersensitivity
pneumonia 185, 187
pneumonitis 170, 172, 174, 176, 178, 180, 183, 189, 193
Hypertension 50, 84, 102, 169, 194, 227
I
IGE See Immunoglobulin E
IGG See Immunoglobulin G
ILD See Interstitial lung disease
ILD-IPF See Interstitial lung disease-idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Ill-defined granuloma 4
Immunoglobulin
E 50, 84
G 50
Inflammation, nonspecific 113, 148, 154
Interlobular septal thickening 61, 66, 167
Interseptal thickening 85
Interstitial inflammation, nonspecific 107
Interstitial lung disease 102
IPF 103, 105, 152, 169
NSIP 103, 109, 119, 124, 132, 158, 164
fibrotic 117, 122, 128, 130, 160, 166
scleroderma 87, 91, 93
Interstitial pneumonia 99
nonspecific 144, 154, 160, 162, 169, 194
Interstitial septal thickening 93, 94, 120, 137, 163
Intralobular septal thickening 66, 98
J
Joint pain 170, 179
L
Lactate dehydrogenase 84, 227
LDH See Lactate dehydrogenase
Left destroyed lung 43
Left lower lobe 25, 198, 201, 215
bronchus 202
cavity in 85
collapse 39
infiltrates 13
Left main bronchus 205
mass obstructing 216, 224
Left medial posterior segment 13
Left opaque hemithorax 197
Left pleural
effusion 37, 195
thickening 175
Left upper lobe 125, 215
apicoposterior segment of 21
bronchus 210, 217, 218
centrilobular nodules 9
collapse in 29, 209
mass lesion 223
opacity 37
Loculated effusion, right 215
Loss of weight 200
Lower lobe
centrilobular nodules 49
peripheral honeycombing in 103
right 31, 207
Lung
adenocarcinoma of 208, 210, 212, 214, 220
collapse, right-sided 213
small cell carcinoma of 204, 206, 224
squamous cell carcinoma of 196, 200
Lymph node
enlargement
paratracheal 19
pretracheal 19
subaortic 181
subcarinal 106, 181
Lymphadenopathy 3, 100, 151
Lymphocytic predominantly 185
M
Main bronchus, right 221
Malignancy 195
Mediastinal lymphadenopathy 131
Mediastinum, shift of 195
Medical Research Council 50, 84, 102, 169, 194, 227, 231
mMRC See Modified Medical Research Council
Moderately severe
impairment 89
restriction 111, 162
Multiple bilateral
hilar lymphadenopathy 51
mediastinal lymphadenopathy 51, 68, 120
miliary nodules 5
Multiple nodules 59
right middle zone 54
Multiple small centrilobular nodules 167
Mycobacterium 10, 22, 24
and fungi 58, 67, 69, 89, 166, 214
N
Nodular opacity 118, 123
Nodule 11
Noncaseating granuloma 56, 73, 77
Non-small cell
carcinoma 222
lung cancer 216, 218
NSIP See Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia
O
Obstruction, moderate 81
Opaque hemithorax, left sided 195
P
pANCA See Perinuclear anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies
Para-aortic and hilar lymphadenopathy 15
Para-aortic lymph node 106, 181
Paratracheal lymph node
enlargement, right 76
right 78
Paratracheal lymphadenopathy 71, 73, 133, 178
right 7, 11, 125
Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea 50, 169, 184, 227
Pedal edema 184
Peribronchial beading 51
Peribronchiolar fibrosis 168
Peribronchiolitis 231
Peribronchovascular thickening 74, 114, 120, 131
Perinuclear anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies 169, 227
PFT See Pulmonary function test
Pleural effusion
left sided 209
right 47, 78, 80, 221
Pleural nodularity 68, 149
PND See Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
Pooling mucoid secretion 55
Postbronchoscopy sputum 24
Pretracheal lymphadenopathy 133
Progressive exertional dyspnea 65, 126, 200, 204, 214
Pulmonary function 99, 136, 138, 142, 144, 146, 193
test 52, 55, 58, 60, 64, 69, 72, 75, 77, 81, 86, 93, 97, 101, 107, 115, 132, 140, 148, 166, 171, 174, 176, 178, 180, 182, 185, 191, 194, 226, 229
Pulmonary tuberculosis 1, 2, 6, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 38, 42, 46, 50, 220
R
RA See Rheumatoid arthritis
Raynaud phenomenon 170, 179
RB-ILD See Respiratory bronchiolitis-interstitial lung disease
RBS See Random blood sugar
Residual volume 84, 102, 169, 194, 227, 231
Respiratory bronchiolitis-interstitial lung disease 169
Reticulonodular shadows 112
Rheumatoid arthritis 84, 102, 169, 194, 227
interstitial lung disease 99, 102
Right apical segment, consolidation of 17
Right bronchus intermedius, irregular thickening of 222
Right lower lobe
nodule in 90
right apical segment of 13
Right main bronchus, mass obstructing 226
Right upper lobe 7, 23, 41, 125
anterior segment of 212
centrilobular nodules 1
consolidation 35
honey combing in 135
mass lesion in 211, 225
RV See Residual volume
S
S. ACE See Serum angiotensin-converting enzyme
S. IgE See Serum immunoglobulin E 194
Sarcoidosis 51, 53, 56, 58, 70, 75, 79, 81
Secondary carina widened, widening of 220
Septal and pleural irregularity 63
Septal blood 116
Septal thickening 110, 123
Serum angiotensin-converting enzyme 50, 84, 102, 169, 194
Six minute walking test 84, 102, 169, 194
Skin prick test 169, 194
Small cell carcinoma 206, 224
Small parenchymal nodularity 109
Soft tissue density 201
Spirometry, normal 168
SPT See Skin prick test
Squamous cell carcinoma 198, 199
Steroids 81, 87, 93, 122, 136, 146, 150, 166
Subcarinal lymphadenopathy 177, 178
Subpleural nodules 57
T
TB See Tuberculosis
TBLB See Transbronchial lung biopsy
TBNA See Transbronchial needle aspiration
TLC See Total leukocyte count
Total leukocyte count 50, 84, 102, 169, 194, 227, 231
Traction bronchiectasis 63, 88, 92
Transbronchial lung biopsy 2, 29, 38, 41, 50, 53, 58, 64, 75, 79, 86, 91, 97, 104, 111, 117, 136, 152, 168, 174, 180, 183, 193, 222, 229, 231
Transbronchial needle aspiration 4, 50, 53, 55, 64, 69, 84, 227
Tree-in-bud appearance 7, 9, 15, 25, 159, 165
Tuberculosis 50, 84, 169, 194, 227, 231
V
VA See Alveolar volume
W
Wheeze 213
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Chapter Notes

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