Recent Advances in Pediatrics—Special Volume 20: Nutrition, Growth and Development Suraj Gupte
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1RECENT ADVANCES IN PEDIATRICS: Special Volume 20 Nutrition, Growth and Development2
Jaypee's other Titles by Prof (Dr) Suraj Gupte
3RECENT ADVANCES IN PEDIATRICS: Special Volume 20 Nutrition, Growth and Development
Edited by Suraj Gupte MD FIAP Professor and Head, Postgraduate Department of Pediatrics Narayana Medical College/Narayana General and Superspeciality Hospitals, Nellore 524002, Andhra Pradesh, India E-mail:, Honorary Director Pediatric Education Network Editor The Short Textbook of Pediatrics, Textbooks of Pediatric Emergencies Neonatal Emergencies, Pediatric Nutrition, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Towards MRCPCH Part II (Theory Examination, Pediatric Yearbook (Series) Newer Horizons in Tropical Pediatrics, etc. Author Differential Diagnosis in Pediatrics Instructive Case Studies in Pediatrics Pediatric Drug Directory, Infant Feeding Speaking of Child Care The Baby Book: The Parents' Guide from Birth to Infancy Co-Editor Asian Journal of Maternity and Child Health (Manila, Philippines) Section and Guest Editor Pediatric Today (New Delhi) Editorial Advisor Asian Journal of Pediatrics Practice (New Delhi) Editorial Advisory Board Member/Reviewer Indian Journal of Pediatrics (New Delhi), Indian Pediatrics (New Delhi), Synopsis (Detroit, USA) Indian Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (Jaipur), Journal of Clinical Pediatrics (Patna) Maternal and Child Nutrition (Preston, UK), Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases (Turkey) Examiner National Board of Examinations (NBE) for DNB, New Delhi, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Srinagar, Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) New Delhi and Several other Universities Pediatric Faculty Selection Expert All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Punjab Public Service Commission, Jammu and Kashmir Public Service Commission, Union Public Service Commission
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Recent Advances in Pediatrics—Special Volume 20: Nutrition, Growth and Development
© 2009, Shamma-Bakshi Gupte, Executive Editor
All rights reserved. No part of this publication should be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means: electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the editors and the publisher.
First Edition: 2009
Typeset at JPBMP typesetting unit
Printed at
The fond memory of our parents
whose inspiration, motivation, blessings
and moral support continue to contribute a great
deal to our academic endeavors
everybody striving to contribute to
child nutrition, growth and development,
across the board
It is of interest to recall that the “Nutrition, Growth and Development” was the subject matter of the very first of the special volumes of our popular series, Recent Advances in Pediatrics. Brought out in 1997, it was hailed as a “unique blend of the best….” by no less prestigious a periodical than the British Medical Journal. Consistent demand in view of the changing trends and evolving developments in the field have prompted us to bring out a brand new volume that, we are confident, shall be received with yet greater enthusiasm by the readers and critics.
The 20th Special volume (RAP Special Vol 20: Nutrition, Growth and Development) of the noted international series, Recent Advances in Pediatrics, first launched in 1991 and now concurrently in the 18th annual volume, aims at covering topical issues in nutrition, growth and development.
The 22 state-of-the-art chapters covered by as many as 30 experts drawn from India and abroad attempt to review the depth and breadth of knowledge in the field of contemporary pediatrics with special reference to its applicability in the Indian subcontinent.
Each and every chapter is remarkable by its excellence, providing a stimulating and, not infrequently, even provocative, matured and informed update. Understandably, such an approach is befitting when the goal is not only to inform but also to motivate discussion, interaction, research and innovation.
In keeping with the professed policy of the series, multidisciplinary approach with an eye on future continues to occupy pride of place in this volume too.
We wish to record our indebtedness to our distinguished contributors for providing excellent state-of-the-art chapters in various aspects of nutrition, growth and development as relevant to the developing world with special reference to the Indian subcontinent. They were also gracious enough to repose confidence in our editorship. Without their understanding and cooperation, this volume wouldn't have seen the light of the day.
Thanks are also due to the Advisory Editorial Board for providing inputs and advice in various editorial matters and peer reviewers for not only providing us the benefit of their critical expertise but also for the promptness in responding to our requests for speedy action.
The moral support and motivation provided by the management and administration of the Narayana Medical College and Hospitals, especially Dr P Narayana, Chairman, Dr C L Venkata Rao, Advisor, Dr S Vijay Kumar, Coordinator, Dr B A Ramakrishna, Principal and Dr P Narasimha Reddy, Medical Superintendent, for successful completion of this project is gratefully acknowledged.
Our daughter, Dr. Novy, and son, Er. Manu, voluntarily provided all sorts of assistance in taking the project to its logical conclusion..
Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd and their dedicated staff deserve our special thanks for skillful production qualities of the book.
Suraj Gupte
Academic Editor
Shamma-Bakshi Gupte
Executive Editor