Smoking influences the Occurrence of Radiodermatitis in Head and Neck-irradiated Patients

JOURNAL TITLE: World Journal of Dentistry

Author
1. Rafael DS Caetano
2. Paulo HDS Castro
3. Ana C Soares
4. Milton C Kuga
5. Mateus R Tonetto
ISSN
0976-6006
DOI
10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1411
Volume
8
Issue
1
Publishing Year
2017
Pages
4
Author Affiliations
    1. Professor, 3,4Student
    1. Professor, 3,4Student
    1. Department of Medicine, Hospital de Câncer de Mato Grosso Brazil
    1. Department of Medicine, Hospital de Câncer de Mato Grosso Brazil
    1. Department of Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, CEUMA University, Maranhão, Brazil
  • Article keywords

    Abstract

    Introduction

    This study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of radiodermatitis in patients undergoing radiotherapy in the head and neck.

    Materials and methods

    Thirty-eight patients were evaluated 6 months after the end of radiotherapy to treat cancer in the head and neck region. The radiodermatitis was clinically classified as absent, acute, or chronic. Data, such as age, sex, race/ color, drinking and smoking habits, number of radiotherapy sessions, and conduction of adjuvant chemotherapy were also obtained. Fisher's exact test and Pearson's test were used to analyze the correlation of the independent variables and the presence of radiodermatitis.

    Results

    The mean age of the patients was 59.71 (± 10.67), and 29 (76.3%) were men, 24 (63.2%) were non-white race/ color, 28 (63.7%) were alcohol consumers, and 33 (86.8%) were smokers. The average number of radiotherapy sessions was 37.26 (± 7.66); 30 (78.9%) patients underwent chemotherapy; and 26 (68.4%) had chronic radiodermatitis. The only variable statistically related to the occurrence of radiodermatitis in the patients was smoking.

    Conclusion

    Radiodermatite was quite prevalent among the studied patients and was directly related to the smoking habit.

    How to cite this article

    Caetano RDS, Volpato LER, Castro PHDS, Borba AM, Aranha AMF, Kuga MC, Tonetto MR, Soares AC, Bandeca MC, Borges ÁH. Smoking influences the Occurrence of Radiodermatitis in Head and Neck-irradiated Patients. World J Dent 2017;8(1):55-58.

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