Chronic Hyperplastic and Erythematous Candidiasis Induced by Ill-fitting Complete Denture: A Case Report

JOURNAL TITLE: Journal of Mahatma Gandhi University of Medical Sciences and Technology

Author
1. Neeraj K Yadav
2. Shimiyan Debbarma
3. Anshuman Jamdade
4. Satyapal Yadav
ISSN
DOI
10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0122
Volume
5
Issue
1
Publishing Year
2020
Pages
3
Author Affiliations
    1. Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Mahatma Gandhi Dental College and Hospital, Mahatma Gandhi University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
    1. Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Mahatma Gandhi Dental College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
    1. Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Mahatma Gandhi Dental College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
    1. Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Mahatma Gandhi Dental College and Hospital, Mahatma Gandhi University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Article keywords
    Antifungal, Candida albicans, Hyperplastic candidiasis, Ill-fitting complete denture, Predisposing factors

    Abstract

    Oral candidiasis is one of the common fungal infections, affecting the various parts of oral mucosa which is caused by Candida albicans. The pathogenicity of Candida is facilitated by many virulence factors, some of which are those for an observance to host tissues and medical devices and secretion of hydrolytic enzymes. Valuation of predisposing factors plays an important role in the treatment of candidal infection. Carefully recording medical history plays a vital role. Topical antifungal application is suggested as a first-line treatment for simple oral candidiasis. Especially in denture wearing patients, it is a common inflammatory reaction, multifactorial etiology, which is usually accompanying by Candida species, particularly C. albicans, because of its high virulence, the capability to adhere and form biofilms on oral cavity mucosa and denture surfaces. This article intensifies the management of oral candidiasis associated with ill-fitting denture commonly encountered in day-to-day dental practice.

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