Correlation of Dental and Skeletal Malocclusions in Sagittal Plane among Saudi Orthodontic Patients

JOURNAL TITLE: The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Author
1. Farraj S Albalawi
2. Anwar E Ahmed
3. Nasir Al-Hamlan
4. Balsam Al-Eissa
5. Ahmad S Al-Hiyasat
ISSN
DOI
10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1689
Volume
16
Issue
5
Publishing Year
2015
Pages
7
Author Affiliations
    1. Department of Dental Services, King Abdulaziz Medical City and College of Dentistry, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences; National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh Saudi Arabia
    1. Department of Dental Services, King Abdulaziz Medical City and College of Dentistry, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences; National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh Saudi Arabia
    1. Department of Dental Services, King Abdulaziz Medical City and College of Dentistry, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences; National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh Saudi Arabia
    1. Department of Dental Services, King Abdulaziz Medical City and College of Dentistry, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences; National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh Saudi Arabia
    1. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health and Health Informatics; King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences; National Guard Health Affairs Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Article keywords

    Abstract

    Aim

    Whether or not the dental relationship correlates with skeletal relationship in the sagittal plane is an area of interest for orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of the dental malocclusion and the skeletal malocclusion in the sagittal plane among Saudi orthodontic patients.

    Materials and methods

    Orthodontic dental casts and cephalometric radiographs of 124 patients were investigated and analyzed. The dental casts were classified in relation to the molar relationship according to Angle's classification and to the incisal relationship according to the British Standards Institution (BSI) classification. The sagittal relation in the cephalometric radiographs was analyzed according to ANB angle and WITS appraisal.

    Results

    The results show that the incisal relation had a very high significant association with WITS appraisal (p = 0.0045), whereas with ANB, the association was marginally significant (p =0.0528). No significant associations were found with molar relation neither at ANB (p = 0.2075) nor at the WITS (p = 0.4794) appraisal. Significant positive correlations between ANB and WITS appraisal were found at the three incisal classification classes (class I, r = 0.73; class II, r = 0.64; class III, r = 0.75) and no significant correlation was observed in all classes with the Angle's (molar) classification.

    Conclusions

    The incisal classification had a significant association with WITS appraisal, whereas with ANB the association was marginally significant. No correlation was found between Angle's (molar) classification and ANB or WITS appraisal.

    Clinical significance

    The incisal relation could be considered as a good indicator of the skeletal malocclusion in the sagittal plane in the orthodontic practice.

    How to cite this article

    Al-Hamlan N, Al-Eissa B, Al-Hiyasat AS, Albalawi FS, Ahmed AE. Correlation of Dental and Skeletal Malocclusions in Sagittal Plane among Saudi Orthodontic Patients. J Contemp Dent Pract 2015;16(5):353-359.

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