Clinical Study of various Nail Disorders presenting to Dermatology Outpatient Department

JOURNAL TITLE: International Journal of Advanced and Integrated Medical Sciences

Author
1. Praveen K Rathore
2. Parul Garg
3. Sapna Goyal
ISSN
DOI
10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10090
Volume
2
Issue
3
Publishing Year
2017
Pages
5
  • Article keywords

    Abstract

    Aims and objectives

    To study the clinical spectrum of nail disorders including congenital, developmental, infectious, neoplastic, degenerative, dermatological, and systemic diseases affecting the nail unit.

    Materials and methods

    A total of 100 consecutive cases of nail disorders reporting to the dermatology outpatient department in Rohilkhand Medical College & Hospital were examined.

    Complete dermatological, systemic, hematological examinations, Gram staining, scraping for fungus, nail clipping for potassium hydroxide mount, fungal culture, biopsy from nail bed were undertaken in doubtful cases.

    Observations and results

    Among 100 cases, the most common was onychomycosis — 28 cases, followed by nail psoriasis — 13 cases, pitting — 10 cases, paronychia — 9 cases, trachyonychia — 5 cases, onycholysis — 4 cases, clubbing — 3 cases, koilonychia — 3 cases, ingrow toenail — 3 cases, pterygium — 3 cases, onychogryphosis — 2 cases, subungual wart — 2 cases, half and half nail — 2 cases, anonychia — 2 cases, longitudinal grooves — 2 cases, clubbing with resorption of fingers — 2 cases, onychomadesis — 1 case, nail discoloration — 1 case, melanonychia — 1 case, pachyonychia congenita — 1 case, beau's line — 1 case, racket nail — 1 case, transverse groove — 1 case.

    Conclusion

    Among examined cases, onychomycosis was most common followed by another nail disorders.

    How to cite this article

    Garg P, Kumar A, Rathore PK, Goyal S. Clinical Study of various Nail Disorders presenting to Dermatology Outpatient Department. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2017;2(3):125-129.

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