Journal of South Asian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

by Jaideep Malhotra

The SAFOG journal is the official organ and publication of South Asia Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. This is a scientific and peer-reviewed platform of exchange of professional activities, clinical practice guidelines, operative skill updates, and nursing midwifery practices among member countries. The journal aims to provide platform for members to have access to latest and the best scientific, peer-reviewed and clinically- oriented knowledge suitable to the specific needs of the region.

The scope of this journal is to cover the broad subjects of obstetrics and gynaecology and publish articles, information, and practice guidelines. The journal has fixed format of review articles, presentations as original studies by members and readers, operative skill reviews, case reports, and midwifery peer-reviewed practice guidelines. In addition, SAFOG also invites editorials and articles on policy formulation topics. These topics include and are not limited to maternal mortality, abortions, contraceptives, reproductive health preservation of women, etc. The journal feels responsible for best practices to be provided to practitioners so that the reproductive health of a country can be improved and the cases pertaining to neonatal problems and maternal deaths can be minimized. The journal contributes to CME’s and other professional events occurring in South Asian Region. It remains a platform for better communication and exchange of reproductive ideas among member countries, to amalgamate with world bodies and formulate recommendations for practice guidelines for members.



Open Access Policy

A comprehensive outlook on open access policy that we follow:

Open access refers to the practice of making peer-reviewed scholarly research and literature freely available online to anyone interested in reading it without any restriction. This Open access publications are freely and permanently available online to anyone with an internet access. Unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium (which is non-commercial) is permitted, provided the author/editor is properly attributed. All the periodicals are deposited immediately upon publication, without any technical, financial, gender limitations, in an agreed format on the journal website as well as archiving and indexing databases as applicable to a journal. All articles are self-archiving, with world-wide access through DOI (Digital Object Identifier) - standardized by the International Organization for Standardization, provided for individual article published.

We are fully archived on PORTICO.

Why open access publishing?

Restricted access to scientific research and advancements through subscription pay wall hinders communication within the scientific community. Moreover, restricted access can also hinder the education and dissemination of scientific knowledge to the aspiring younger generations who are keen to pursue a career in science. Increased productivity and development of science can only be achieved by diffusing knowledge and providing the facilities for creating permanent repositories such as Open Access.

The use of a Creative Commons 4.0 License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) enables user/ reader/ peer to use the content with clear permission in a way that it can be reused and redistributed as long as the article source is appropriately given credit for non-commercial purpose.


Self-Archiving Policy for Authors

Jaypee Journals follow the policy of open access under the CC-BY-NC 4.0 licence. For the details of self archiving policy for authors:

Policies and embargo periods may vary from Journal to Journal. Unless otherwise stated on the Journal website author instructions page.

Authors may self-archive versions of their work on their own webpages, on institutional webpages, and in other repositories.

Abstract and Citation information

Authors may reuse the Abstract and how to cite information (e.g. Title, Author name, Publication dates) of their article anywhere at any time including social media such as Facebook, blogs and Twitter, providing a proper acknowledgment is offered and wherever possible a link including the DOI number is included linking back to the article on the Journal/JAYPEE JOURNALS website. This is available in how to cite information on the article online.

Submitted Version

Submitted version (SV) is recognized as the un-refereed author version of an article completed before submission for submission to a journal. This is often referred to as the “preprint” version. The author accepts full responsibility for the article, and the content and layout is set out by the author.

Authors may not make their for-submission version available anywhere at any time. This inhibits posting on their own personal websites, institutional or non-commercial subject based repositories, commercial platforms websites or repositories, and or social media.

Accepted Manuscript

The accepted manuscript (AM) is the final draft author manuscript, as accepted for publication by a journal, including modifications based on referees’ suggestions, it is excluding copy editing and type setting and is often referred to as post-print version. JAYPEE JOURNALS carries this version on ready for production tab.

  • Immediately upload their AM to their own personal webpage (excluding commercial websites and repositories)
  • Immediately upload their AM to their institutional or other non-commercial subject based repositories on the provision that it is not made publicly available until after the specified embargo period ( as may be applicable)

In the journals where embargo period is applicable the authors after the completion of the embargo period may:

  • Upload their AM to institutional repository or other non-commercial repositories and make it publicly available.
  • Accepted Manuscripts may not be uploaded or shared on commercial websites or repositories, unless the website or repository has signed a licensing agreement with JAYPEE JOURNALS permitting such uploading or sharing.
Embargo periods

Some of the JAYPEE JOURNALS may have Embargo periods and this may vary between journals. For details of a journal’s specific embargo period, please see the information for each individual journal on the About Journal Page.

When uploading an accepted manuscript to a repository, authors should include the following acknowledgment as well as a link to the accepted version. This will connect the published version to the AM version in the repository and help ensure that the article is cited correctly.

This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in [insert journal title] following peer review. This accepted Version [insert complete citation information here] is available online at: xxxxxxx [insert URL and DOI of the article on the Journal website].

Published Version

Published Version (PV) is defined here as the final typeset and edited version of the journal article that has been made available by JAYPEE JOURNALS on the respective journal website by formally and exclusively putting the article either in ‘online first’ or releasing it as a part of the complete issue of that journal.

The PV as it appears in the journal following copyediting and proof correction may not be deposited by authors in institutional repositories or posted to third party websites and made publicly available unless the article is published on an Open Access model licence ( CC-BY-NC 4.0) that allows for such posting. Authors may share their PV with private groups within their institution or through private groups on non-commercial repositories that are signatories to the STM Voluntary principles for article sharing on Scholarly Collaboration Networks (SCN). The PV may not be uploaded or shared on commercial websites or repositories unless the website or repository has signed an agreement with JAYPEE JOURNALS permitting such uploading or sharing.


Authors who have agreed to publish their article on an Open Access basis, and who have paid any associated fees, are entitled to make their article publicly available according to the terms of their selected licences. In the case of JAYPEE JOURNALS the CC-BY-NC 4.0 is the agreed licence which gives freedom for non-commercial sharing of articles by authors upon publication.


Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

This Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement is based on the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (Committee on Publication Ethics, 2011).

Editors’ Duties

Publication Decisions: The editor is responsible for deciding on accepting, rejecting, or requesting modifications to the manuscript. In some instances, the editors may require multiple rounds of reviews and modifications. The editors communicate review result in a timely fashion. The editor reserves the right to edit, clarify or shorten the manuscript as deemed necessary.

Fair Review: The editor must ensure that each manuscript submitted to the Journal is reviewed for its intellectual content without regard to the author’s race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy. The decisions will be based on the paper’s importance, originality, clarity, and relevance to the journal’s scope.

Confidentiality: The editor and editorial staff always ensure that information regarding manuscripts submitted by the authors is kept confidential.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: The editor and members of the editorial board of this journal shall not use unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript for his/her own research without the author’s explicit written consent.

Authors’ Duties

Publication guidelines: Authors must follow the submission guidelines of the journal.

Originality, Plagiarism and Acknowledgement: Authors must ensure that the work they are submitting as theirs is entirely original. Authors must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere. Authors will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Authors sign a declaration stating that the manuscript and the illustrations within are original, or that he/she has taken all the necessary steps to avoid breach of copyright.

Multiple Submissions: Authors must certify that the manuscript is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere. Submitting the same paper to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing behaviour.

Authorship of the Paper: All authors mentioned in the paper must have significantly contributed to the research. The author submitting the manuscript to the journal ensures that all contributing co- authors and no uninvolved person(s) are included in the author list.

Conflict of Interest: Authors must notify the editors of any conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the manuscript.

Fundamental Errors: Authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes at any point in time if the author(s) discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in submitted manuscript.

Reviewers’ Duties

Confidentiality: Reviewers must keep all manuscripts received confidential.

Acknowledgement of Sources: Reviewers must ensure that authors have cited all relevant published work referred to in the paper in the endnotes and bibliography. Reviewers will bring to the editor’s attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript and any other published paper they are aware of.

Standards of Objectivity: Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate.

Supporting Argument: Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Conflicts of Interest: Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships, or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the paper(s).

Promptness: In the event that a reviewer feels it is not possible for him/her to complete review of manuscript within the stipulated time he/she should notify the editor in a timely manner and withdraw from the review process.


Journal follows the high standards of peer review as set out in the COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers.

All research articles and other article types are subjected to thorough peer-review, usually by at least 2 external peer-reviewers. After initial assessment by the journal Editor for suitability in the journal, the Editor will invite appropriate independent reviewers with sufficient and specific area of expertise. The Editors decision is made based on these reviewer reports, which are made available to the authors upon decision. Where the Editor of the journal is an author in the submission, adequate steps are taken to ensure blinding the Editor from the submission during peer-review. Further information about journals specific model of peer-review is found on the journal’s information pages.

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Journal Detail

    ISSN 0974-8938
    Speciality Obstetrics and Gynecology
    DOI 10.5005/jp-journals-10006

Jaideep Malhotra
Managing Director
ART Rainbow IVF, Agra (India)


Ferdousi Begum
Professor and Head of the department
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Ibrahim Medical college & BIRDEM Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Immediate Past President

Rubina Sohail
Professor and Head of the department
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

President Elect

Rohana Haththotuwa
Consultant, Obstetrician and Gynecologist, Chairman
Ninewells CARE Mother and Baby Hospital, 55/1, Kirimandala Mawatha, Colombo, Sri Lanka

Secretary General

Yousaf Latif
Prof. OBGYN, Rashid Latif Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan

Deputy Secretary General

Heera Tuladhar
Prof. OBGYN, Kathmandu, Nepal
Head of Department
KIST Medical College Teaching Hospital, Nepal

Asst Sec General

Nusrat Mahmud
Consultant, Reproductive Health and Endocrinilogy
BIRDEM Hospital, Dhaka Bangladesh


UDP Rathnasiri
Consultant Obstetrician &Gynaecologist
Castle Street Hospital for Women Colombo, Sri Lanka

Founder Editor

Narendra Malhotra
Managing Director
Global Rainbow Healthcare Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India

Emeritus Editor

Rashid Latif Khan
Rtd. Prof. OBGYN, Prof. OBGYN
Rashid Latif Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan


Alokendu Chatterjee
Formerly, Professor and Head
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
NRS Medical College and Hospital, Calcutta, Salt Lake City, Kolkata, India

Advisors (Past Presidents)

Harshalal R Seneviratne
Rtd. Prof, OBGYN, Faculty of Medicine
University of Colombo, Sri Lanka

TA Chowdhury
BIRDEM HOSPITAL, Dhaka Bangladesh

Joint Editor

Ruchika Garg
Associate Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
SN Medical College Agra India

Associate Editor, Gynecology (Pak)

Dr. Sadiah Ahsan Pal
Director & Consultant gynecologist Concept Fertility Center Karachi, Pakistan

Associate Editor, Obstetrics (PK)

Prof. Saria Tasnim
Ex professor and Head of Gynae and Obstetrics Dept. at Bolan Medical Complex Hospital Quetta, Member Academic Board and Gynae Oncology committee SOGP. Member Research Quality Control committee HEC Pakistan.Consultant Gynaecologist at Saleem Medical Complex Jinnah Road Quetta.

Assistant Editor

Gehanath Baral
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
National Academy of Medical Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal

Secretary Journal

Neharika Malhotra Bora
MD (Gold Medallist)
Consultant Rainbow IVF, Agra Uttar Pradesh, India

Editorial Board
Najmmusam A Shefajo

Saleha Begum Chowdhury
Professor (Obs &Gynae)
Ex.Chairman,Dept of Obs & Gynae,Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU)

Apoorva Palam Reddy
Professor MS DNB OBG
Director Phoenix speciality clinic, Bangalore

Gehanath Baral
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
National Academy of Medical Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal

Rizwana Choudhry
Ex Professor and Dean Obs/Gyn
Rawalpindi Medical university. Currently Head of translational research Shifa Tameer e Millat University Islamabad

Samanthi Premaratne
Consultant Gynaecological Oncologist
Apeksha Hospital, Maharagama, SriLanka

Shafiqa Babaq
Rabia Balkhi Maternity Hospital, Kabul, Afghanistan

Rashida Begum

Radhika AG
Sr Consultant
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
University College of Medical Sciences & Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi

Ganesh Dangal
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Kathmandu model hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal

Kiren Sohail
Associate professor
Services institute of medical sciences (SMS), Lahore,Pakistan

Harsha Atapattu
Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologis
De Soysa Hospital for Women, Colombo 08, Sri Lanka

Najia Alimi Genra

Dipi Barua
Professor of Obs & Gynae
Holy family Red Crescent Medical College & Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Sadhna Gupta
Senior Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist
Jeevan Jyoti Hospital & Medical Research Centre & Jeevan Jyoti Test Tube Baby Centre, Gorakhpur

Kesang Diki Bista

Sadaqat Jabeen
Professor of obstetrics and gynaecology
ex HOD Department of obstetrics and gynaecology
Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar, Pakistan

UDP Rathnasiri
Consultant Obstetrician &Gynaecologist
Castle Street Hospital for Women Colombo, Sri Lanka

Treena Fraidoon
Malalai Maternity Hospital, Kabul, Afghanistan

Maruf Siddiqui
Prof & HOD
Dept of Infertility & RM, AKMMC, Dhaka

Madhuri Patel
Hon. Clinical Associate
N. Wadia Hosp., Parel, Mumbai Hon. Consultant Police Hospital, Mumbai

Suman Raj Tamraka

Shahla Anwar
Associate Professor

Darshana Abeygunawardane
Managing Editor

Akash Mishra

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