The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

by Shankargouda Patil

 

The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice (JCDP), is a peer-reviewed, open access MEDLINE indexed journal. The journal’s full text is available online at http://www.thejcdp.com. The journal allows free access (open access) to its contents. Articles with clinical relevance will be given preference for publication. The Journal publishes original research papers, review articles, rare and novel case reports, and clinical techniques. Manuscripts are invited from all specialties of dentistry i.e., conservative dentistry and endodontics, dentofacial orthopedics and orthodontics, oral medicine and radiology, oral pathology, oral surgery, orodental diseases, pediatric dentistry, implantology, periodontics, clinical aspects of public health dentistry, and prosthodontics.

Journal Ethics

Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers is committed to meet and uphold standards of ethical behavior at all stages of the publication process. We follow closely the associations, such as the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), that set standards and provide guidelines for best practices in order to meet these requirements.

 

Jaypee Journals follow the policy of open access under the CC-BY-NC 4.0 licence. For the details of self archiving policy for authors:

 

Open Access Policy

A comprehensive outlook on open access policy that we follow:

Open access refers to the practice of making peer-reviewed scholarly research and literature freely available online to anyone interested in reading it without any restriction. This Open access publications are freely and permanently available online to anyone with an internet access. Unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium (which is non-commercial) is permitted, provided the author/editor is properly attributed. All the periodicals are deposited immediately upon publication, without any technical, financial, gender limitations, in an agreed format on the journal website as well as archiving and indexing databases as applicable to a journal. All articles are self-archiving, with world-wide access through DOI (Digital Object Identifier) - standardized by the International Organization for Standardization, provided for individual article published.

We are fully archived on PORTICO.

Why open access publishing?

Restricted access to scientific research and advancements through subscription pay wall hinders communication within the scientific community. Moreover, restricted access can also hinder the education and dissemination of scientific knowledge to the aspiring younger generations who are keen to pursue a career in science. Increased productivity and development of science can only be achieved by diffusing knowledge and providing the facilities for creating permanent repositories such as Open Access.

The use of a Creative Commons 4.0 License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) enables user/ reader/ peer to use the content with clear permission in a way that it can be reused and redistributed as long as the article source is appropriately given credit for non-commercial purpose.

 

Self Archiving Policy for Authors

Policies and embargo periods may vary from Journal to Journal. Unless otherwise stated on the Journal website author instructions page.

Authors may self-archive versions of their work on their own webpages, on institutional webpages, and in other repositories.

Abstract and Citation information

Authors may reuse the Abstract and how to cite information (e.g. Title, Author name, Publication dates) of their article anywhere at any time including social media such as Facebook, blogs and Twitter, providing a proper acknowledgment is offered and wherever possible a link including the DOI number is included linking back to the article on the Journal/JAYPEE JOURNALS website. This is available in how to cite information on the article online.

Submitted Version

Submitted version (SV) is recognized as the un-refereed author version of an article completed before submission for submission to a journal. This is often referred to as the “preprint” version. The author accepts full responsibility for the article, and the content and layout is set out by the author.

Authors may not make their for-submission version available anywhere at any time. This inhibits posting on their own personal websites, institutional or non-commercial subject based repositories, commercial platforms websites or repositories, and or social media.

Accepted Manuscript

The accepted manuscript (AM) is the final draft author manuscript, as accepted for publication by a journal, including modifications based on referees’ suggestions, it is excluding copy editing and type setting and is often referred to as post-print version. JAYPEE JOURNALS carries this version on ready for production tab.

  • Immediately upload their AM to their own personal webpage (excluding commercial websites and repositories)
  • Immediately upload their AM to their institutional or other non-commercial subject based repositories on the provision that it is not made publicly available until after the specified embargo period ( as may be applicable)

In the journals where embargo period is applicable the authors after the completion of the embargo period may:

  • Upload their AM to institutional repository or other non-commercial repositories and make it publicly available.
  • Accepted Manuscripts may not be uploaded or shared on commercial websites or repositories, unless the website or repository has signed a licensing agreement with JAYPEE JOURNALS permitting such uploading or sharing.
Embargo periods

JCDP is an open access journal which follows the Embargo period of 6 month’s. For details of a journal’s specific embargo period, please see the information for each individual journal on the About Journal Page.

When uploading an accepted manuscript to a repository, authors should include the following acknowledgment as well as a link to the accepted version. This will connect the published version to the AM version in the repository and help ensure that the article is cited correctly.

This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in [insert journal title] following peer review. This accepted Version [insert complete citation information here] is available online at: xxxxxxx [insert URL and DOI of the article on the Journal website].

Published Version

Published Version (PV) is defined here as the final typeset and edited version of the journal article that has been made available by JAYPEE JOURNALS on the respective journal website by formally and exclusively putting the article either in ‘online first’ or releasing it as a part of the complete issue of that journal.

The PV as it appears in the journal following copyediting and proof correction may not be deposited by authors in institutional repositories or posted to third party websites and made publicly available unless the article is published on an Open Access model licence ( CC-BY-NC 4.0) that allows for such posting. Authors may share their PV with private groups within their institution or through private groups on non-commercial repositories that are signatories to the STM Voluntary principles for article sharing on Scholarly Collaboration Networks (SCN). The PV may not be uploaded or shared on commercial websites or repositories unless the website or repository has signed an agreement with JAYPEE JOURNALS permitting such uploading or sharing.

JAYPEE JOURNALS @ OPEN ACESS

Authors who have agreed to publish their article on an Open Access basis, and who have paid any associated fees, are entitled to make their article publicly available according to the terms of their selected licences. In the case of JAYPEE JOURNALS the CC-BY-NC 4.0 is the agreed licence which gives freedom for non-commercial sharing of articles by authors upon publication.

 

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

This Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement is based on the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (Committee on Publication Ethics, 2011).

Editors’ Duties

Publication Decisions: The editor is responsible for deciding on accepting, rejecting, or requesting modifications to the manuscript. In some instances, the editors may require multiple rounds of reviews and modifications. The editors communicate review result in a timely fashion. The editor reserves the right to edit, clarify or shorten the manuscript as deemed necessary.

Fair Review: The editor must ensure that each manuscript submitted to the Journal is reviewed for its intellectual content without regard to the author’s race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy. The decisions will be based on the paper’s importance, originality, clarity, and relevance to the journal’s scope.

Confidentiality: The editor and editorial staff always ensure that information regarding manuscripts submitted by the authors is kept confidential.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: The editor and members of the editorial board of this journal shall not use unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript for his/her own research without the author’s explicit written consent.

Authors’ Duties

Publication guidelines: Authors must follow the submission guidelines of the journal.

Originality, Plagiarism and Acknowledgement: Authors must ensure that the work they are submitting as theirs is entirely original. Authors must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere. Authors will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Authors sign a declaration stating that the manuscript and the illustrations within are original, or that he/she has taken all the necessary steps to avoid breach of copyright.

Multiple Submissions: Authors must certify that the manuscript is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere. Submitting the same paper to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing behaviour.

Authorship of the Paper: All authors mentioned in the paper must have significantly contributed to the research. The author submitting the manuscript to the journal ensures that all contributing co- authors and no uninvolved person(s) are included in the author list.

Conflict of Interest: Authors must notify the editors of any conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the manuscript.

Fundamental Errors: Authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes at any point in time if the author(s) discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in submitted manuscript.

Reviewers’ Duties

Confidentiality: Reviewers must keep all manuscripts received confidential.

Acknowledgement of Sources: Reviewers must ensure that authors have cited all relevant published work referred to in the paper in the endnotes and bibliography. Reviewers will bring to the editor’s attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript and any other published paper they are aware of.

Standards of Objectivity: Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate.

Supporting Argument: Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Conflicts of Interest: Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships, or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the paper(s).

Promptness: In the event that a reviewer feels it is not possible for him/her to complete review of manuscript within the stipulated time he/she should notify the editor in a timely manner and withdraw from the review process.

COPE

Journal follows the high standards of peer review as set out in the COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers.

All research articles and other article types are subjected to thorough peer-review, usually by at least 2 external peer-reviewers. After initial assessment by the journal Editor for suitability in the journal, the Editor will invite appropriate independent reviewers with sufficient and specific area of expertise. The Editors decision is made based on these reviewer reports, which are made available to the authors upon decision. Where the Editor of the journal is an author in the submission, adequate steps are taken to ensure blinding the Editor from the submission during peer-review. Further information about journals specific model of peer-review is found on the journal’s information pages.

 

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Journal Detail

    ISSN
    Speciality Dentistry
    DOI 10.5005/jp-journals-10024
Editor-in-Chief

Shankargouda Patil
BDS, MDS, PhD, MFDS RCPS(Glasgow), FICD, FPFA
Associate Professor
Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences,Division of Oral Pathology,
College of Dentistry, Jazan University,
Jazan, Saudi Arabia

Executive Editors

Marco Ferrari
MD, DDS, PhD
Professor
Department of Prosthodontics & Dental Materials and Dean
School of Dental Medicine, University of Siena
Italy

Matheus Coelha Bandeca
DDS, PhD,
Department of master program in dentistry
CEUMA universidade
Sao Lius, Maranhao, Brazil

Editor-at-large

Raghunath Puttaiah
BDS, MPH
Professor
Department of Diagnostic Sciences
Texas A&M science centre, Baylor college of Dentistry
Texas, USA

Associate Editors
Carlos Rocha Gomes Torres
Professor
Department of Restorative Dentistry
São Paulo State University - UNESP
Sao Paulo, Brazil

Ilser Turkyilmaz
DDS, PhD
Assistant professor
Department of Comprehensive Dentistry
Directs the Dental School’s New Implant Clinic, The University of Texas Health Science Centre at San Antonio
Texas, USA

Matheus Melo Pithon
DDS, MSC & PhD
Professor
Department of orthodontics
South West Bahia university
Jequie, Bahia, Brazil

Tolga F Tozum
DDS, PhD
Associate professor
Department of periodontics
college of dentistry, university of Illinois
Chicago

Prasanna Neelakantan
MDS, PhD (Amsterdam), FISDR
Clinical Assistant Professor in Endodontology
Faculty of Dentistry
The University of Hong Kong

Associate professor Tolga F Tozum
DDS, PhD
Associate professor
University of Illinois-Chicago

Carlos Rocha Gomes Torres
Professor,
Department of Restorative Dentistry
, São Paulo State University - UNESP,
Sao Paulo, Brazil

Gururaj Arakeri
MDS PhD
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Navodaya Dental College and Hospital Raichur 584101
Managing Editor

Neha Bora
Managing Editor

Section Editors
Mahesh Verma
BDS, MDS
Professor
Maulana Azad institute of dental sciences
New Delhi, India

Sharon Siegal
DDS, MS
Professor
Department of Prosthodontics
College of Dental Medicine, Nova South Eastern University Florida
USA

Mutlu Ozcan
DDS, PhD
Professor and head
dental materials unit, university of Zurich, Dental school
Zurich, Switzerland

Mahmoud AL Omiri
BDS, PhD, FDS RCS
Professor
Department of Prosthodontics
Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Jordan
Amman 11942, Jordan

Nick Silikas
BSc(Hons), MPhil, PhD, FADM
Senior Lecturer
Department of Dental Biomaterials Science
School of Dentistry, The University of Manchester
UK

Y Bharath Shetty
BDS, MDS
Professor & Head
Department of Prosthodontics & Crown & Bridge
A J Institute of Dental Sciences
Mangalore, India

Sarah Pollington
BDS, MMedSci, MFDS RCPS, Dip Ed, PhD, FDS(REST DENT) RCPS
Senior Clinical Teacher/Honorary Consultant
Department of Restorative Dentistry
Academic Unit of Restorative Dentistry, School of Clinical Dentistry, Claremont Crescent Sheffield
UK

Rohit Shetty
BDS, MDS
Professor
Department of Prosthodontics
KLE Society’s Institute of Dental Sciences
Bangalore, India

Luis Sanchez Sotrez
Mexico

Maria Carolina Guilherme Erhardt
DDS, MS, PhD
Professor
Department of Operative Dentistry/Department of Conservative Dentistry
Federal University of Rio Grande doSul
Brazil

Omid Savabi
DDS, MS
Professor
Department of Prosthodontics
School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Iran

Cássio do Nascimento
DDS, PhD
Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics
Faculty of Dentistry of RibeirãoPreto, University of São Paulo
Brazil

Aloísio Oro Spazzin
DDS
Professor
Department of Prosthodontics
Dental School, Meridional faculty (IMED)
Passo Fundo RS, Brazil

Salwa Ebaid Khier
Professor
Dental Biomaterials & Removable Prosthodontics, Head, Division of Dental Biomaterials, Clinical Dental Sciences Department
College of Dentistry, Princess Norah Bint Abdulrahman University
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

YoncaKorkmaz Ceyhan
DDS, PhD
Clinical Associate Professor
Restorative Dentistry and Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry at Houston, The University of Texas
USA

Masafumi Kanehira
DMD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Restorative Dentistry
Division of Operative Dentistry, Tohoku University,
Sendai, Japan

John Jones
DDS
Professor
Department of Prosthodontics
Dental School, University of Texas
San Antonio, USA

Hai Zhang
DDS
Department of Restorative Dentistry
University of Washington, USA Director of Graduate Prosthodontics program and the coordinator of Restorative Dentistry Visiting Scholar program

Hom Lay Wang
DDS,MSD,PhD
Professor of Periodontics
Professor & Director of Graduate Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan
USA

Pablo Galindo Moreno
DDS, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Oral Surgery and Implant Dentistry
University of Granada
Spain

Ziad Salameh
DDS, MSc, PhD
Chairperson/Professor
Department of Research/Department of Prosthodontics
Faculty of Dental Medicine, Lebanese University
Beirut, Lebanon

Bora Bagis
DDS, PhD
Professor
Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Prosthodontics
Izmir Democracy University
Izmir, Turkey

Sumant Goel
BDS, MDS
Professor
Department of Orthodontics
JCDV Vidyapeeth – An Upcoming University
Haryana, India

Muhanad Hatamleh
BSc, MPhil, MSc, Dip, PhD
Senior Prosthetist
Department of Prosthodontics
King’s College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
London, UK

O P Kharbanda
BDS, MDS, M Orth RCS, MMed, FAMS
Professor and head
Department oforthodontics
AIIMS
New Delhi, India

Mevlut Celikoglu
PhD
Professor
Department of Orthodontics
Akdeniz University
Antalya

Denis Lynch
DDS, PhD
Professor
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology
Marquette University,School of University
USA

Tamer Turk
DDS, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Orthodontics
Faculty of Dentistry, University of Ondokuz Mayis
Turkey

Alan Roger Santos Silva
DDS, MSC, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Oral Medicine and Pathology
Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas
Sao Paulo, Brazil

Akhter Husain
BDS, MDS
Professor & Head
Department of Orthodontics
Yenepoya Dental College
Mangalore, India

Fábio Ricardo Loureiro Sato
DDS, MS
Professor
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas
Brazil

B S Khambay
PhD, BDS, FDS RCS, M Orth RCS, FDS(ortho) RCS
Honorary Professor
Orthodontics Unit of Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong
Pok Fu Lam, Hong Kong

Junichi Asaumi
Professor
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology
Field of Tumor Biology, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University
Japan

Hani F Ounsi
DCD, DESE, MSc, PhD, FICD
Assistant Professor/ Visiting Professor
Department of Endodontics/Department of Endodontics and Restorative Dentistry
Siena University
Italy

Marília Gerhardt de Oliveira
DDS, MSc, PhD
Professor
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
School of Dentistry, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

Allen Ali Nasseh
DDS, MMSc
Faculty and a clinical instructor at the Department of Restorative Dentistry and Biomaterial Sciences
Postdoctoral Endodontic division of Harvard School of Dental Medicine
USA

Joe C Ontiveros
DDS, MS
Professor
Department of Restorative Dentistry and Prosthodontics
School of Dentistry, The University of Texas
San Antonio,USA

Arvind Shenoy
MDS
Professor
Department of Endodontics
Bapuji Dental College & Hospital
India

Atsufumi Manabe
DDS, PhD
Professor & chair
Department of Clinical Cariology and Aesthetic Dentistry
School of Dentistry, Showa University
Tokyo, Japan

Beena Rani Goel
MDS
President
International Academy of Rotary Endodontics
India

Seok Hoonko
DDS, MS, MS
President
International Federation of Esthetic Dentistry
Seoul, Korea

Carla Zogheib
MSc, PhD
Associate Professor, Chair
Endodontic Department
Faculty of Dentistry, Saint Joseph University
Beirut, Lebanon

Carmen Llena
MD, DDS, PhD
Professor
Dental Pathology, Operative dentistry and endodontics, Department of Stomatology
University of Valencia
Spain

So-Ran Kwon
DDS, MSD, PhD, MS
Associate Professor
Department of Operative Dentistry
The University of LOWA, College of Dentistry and Dental Clinics
LOWA city, United States

Hamid Jafarzadeh
DDS, MSc
Professor
Department of Endodontics
Faculty of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Mashhad, Iran

Frieda A Pickett
RDH, MS
Former Associate Professor
Caruth School of Dental Hygiene, Baylor College of Dentistry
Dallas, Texas

Cynthia Yiu
PhD
Clinical Professor
Paediatric Dentistry
Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

Fabio Andre dos Santos
DDS, MSC, PhD
Professor
Department of Periodontics
State University of Ponta Grossa, School of Dentistry
Ponta Grossa, Parana, Brazil

Priyanshi Ritwik
DDS, MS
Associate Professor
Louisiana State University School of Dentistry
New Orleans, USA

Sudha Patil
BDS, MDS
Reader
Department of Paediatric& preventive dentistry
ACPM Dental College, Maharashtra University of health Sciences
India

Jun-Beom Park
DDS, MSD, PhD
Professor
Department of Periodontics
Seoul St.Mary’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea
Seoul, Republic of Korea

Karthik Venkataraghavan
BDS, MDS
Consultant in Pedodontics at Apollo Hospital
Bangalore, India

Michael F Cuenin
DMD
Currently stationed with US Army Dental corps
Germany

Joel Berg
DDS
Dean
School of Dentistry, University of Washington
USA

Huseyin Gencay Keceli
DDS
Professor
Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Periodontology
Hacettepe University
Ankara, Turkey

Sena Narendran
PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Community Dentistry
School of Dental Medicine, Case Western Reserve University
Ohio, USA

Arif Salman Abdul Shakore
BDS, MDS, MDSc
Assistant Professor
Department of Periodontology
School of Dentistry, West Virginia University
USA

Shirley Miranda
BDS, CAGS, MScD
Assistant Professor
Department of public health sciences
Texas A and M Health sciences centre, College of dentistry
Dallas, Texas

Carlos Munoz
DDS
Professor
Department of Restorative dentistry
University at Buffalo
New York, USA

Praveen B N
MDS
Professor and Head of the Department
Department of oral medicine and radiology`
KLE Society’s Institute of Dental Sciences
Bengaluru, India.

David F. Murchison
DDS, MMS
Clinical professor
Department of diagnostic sciences
Texas A and M Health sciences centre, College of dentistry

Lavern Holyfield
DDS
Director of Faculty Development and chair of the Faculty
Development Committee (FDC), Texas A&M University Baylor College of Dentistry
Texas

Hiroshi Ishihara
DDS
Department of Medicine and Clinical Science
Kyushu University
Fukuoka, Japan

Luay Thanoon Younis
BDS, MDSc
Senior Lecturer
Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA
Malayasia

Jeff Burgess
MD, MS, MPH
Associate dean for research
Professor of environmental and occupational health, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, The University of Arizona
USA

Marcelo Carlos Bortoluzzi
DDS, PhD
Professor
School of Dentistry, Health Bioscience Postgraduate Program, Tissue Aspects for Health Prognosis and Intervention Laboratory (LAPROG), Oeste de Santa Catarina University (UNOESC)
Brazil

Jorge Enrique Delgado Troncoso
DDS, PhD
Instructor
Department of Administrative and Policy Studies
University of Pittsburgh
USA

Reena D’souza
MS, PhD, DDS
Dentistry - Professor
Neurobiology and Anatomy - Adjunct Professor, Pathology - Adjunct Professor, School of dentistry, University of Utah
USA

Kate Fabricant
PhD, DMD, DDPH, MScDPH
Professional and Scientific Relations manager, Oral Care CEEMEA - Procter & Gamble, Pediatric Dentistry, International College of Dentists
Switzerland, Europe

Kursat ER
DDS, PhD
Professor
Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi, Akdeniz University
Turkey

Ruya Yazici
DDS, PhD
Professor
Head of Dentistry Laser Applications Research and Application Center, Hacettepe University
Ankara

Lakshman Samaranayake
Hon. DSc, Hon. FDSRCS (Edin) BDS, DDS, FRCPath(UK), MIBiol, CBiol (UK), FHKCPath, FCDSHK, FHKAM (Pathology), FHKAM (Dental Surgery)
Professor
Head of School, School of Dentistry, The University of Queensland
Australia

Sergio Botta
BS, MS, PhD, Post-doctoral
Professor
School of Dentistry, Nove de Julho University
Brazil

Seyed Amir Danesh Sani
American Academy of Periodontology; American Orthodontics Society; International Association for Dental Research (IADR); Iranian Dental Association; Islamic Republic Of Iran Medical Council
Chicago, Illinois, USA

Hosam Ali Baeshen
BDS, MDS, PhD
Associate Professor and Consultant in Orthodontics
Department of Orthodontic
College of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University

Dr Amar Sholapurkar
BDS, MDS, (PhD)
Department Lead – Dental Radiology Section
Clinical Dentistry and Oral Radiology
Possession Licensee and Radiation Safety Officer, College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University. PO Box 6811. Cairns. 4870, Queensland. Australia.

Luca Testarelli
DDS, PhD
Associated Professor in Endodontics
Department of Oral and Maxillo Facial Sciences, "Sapienza" University of Rome
Director of Master of Aesthetic Dentistry
Rome, Italy

Tarek El-Bialy
Professor of Orthodontics and Biomedical Engineering with Tenure
7-020D Katz Group Centre for Pharmacy and Health Research
University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E1, Canada

Dario Di Nardo
DDS, Ph.D.
Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Sciences
Sapienza University of Rome
Via Caserta, 6 - 00161 Rome, Italy
dario.dinardo@uniroma1.it

Mohammed Abdurabu Jafer
BDS, MPH, DPHc, PHD, PFC, CADF
Assistant Professor
Department of preventive Dental Sciences,College of dentistry,Jazan University, Saudi Arabia
Honorary Researcher, Maastricht University, The Netherlands

Dr Deepak Mehta
Assistant Professor
Department of Preventive & Restorative Dentistry
College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah
Sharjah, UAE

Ziad N. Al-Dwairi
BDS,MFDSRCS(England), MFDSRCPS(Glasg), MFDSRCS Ed,, PhD(UK), FIADFE, FICD, FADI, FPFA, FICCDE, FACD, Associate of RACDS,FFGDP (UK)
Professor of Restorative Dentistry,
Prosthodontics and Implant Dentistry
Faculty of Dentistry,
Jordan University of Science and Technology

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