Indian Journal of Private Psychiatry

by Mahesh Gowda

Aims & Scope

Indian Journal of Private Psychiatry (IJPP) is the official publication of the Indian Association of Private Psychiatry. The journal publishes two issues in a year i.e., January-June and July-December. It is a peer-reviewed open-access journal that publishes articles related to mental health and neurosciences. The aim of the journal is to encourage research and scientific studies in the field of neuropsychiatry so that we can promote newer developments in clinical psychiatry. The primary focus is to publish articles that have implications for clinical practice in the field of mental health. By publishing newer developments in clinical applications of psychiatry, we endeavor to enrich the knowledge and skills of practitioners of psychiatry and allied mental health professionals. The journal publishes various kinds of articles including editorials, review articles, original research articles, short research communications, case reports, letters to the editor, Continuing Medical Education (CME) articles and Viewpoint articles.

Ownership and Management

Indian Journal of Private Psychiatry is owned and managed under the auspices of Indian Association of Private Psychiatry, JAYPEE being the publisher.

Peer Review Process

All manuscripts undergo a Double-blinded review process. It is ensured that the reviewers are unaware of the names of the authors or the institutes where the research is conducted. The article once submitted will undergo a thorough plagiarism check and an initial check is conducted to ensure that all author instructions are complied with and the guidelines for submission are followed. The manuscript may be returned to the author for corrections, if required to conform to the journal instructions. Once, the article is confirmed, it will undergo editorial review within 1 week. Following this it will then be sent for peer review, which takes 6-8 weeks and the authors will receive the mail from the Editor stating the final decision of the manuscript.

Managing editor who runs the first level of material check processes the manuscript for all components and approves for moving to the next level. On the next level it is checked for suitability for the core readers of IJPP by the Editor-in-Chief. Once found suitable, it is assigned to one of the Associate Editors on the editorial board. If the language and the grammar are incorrect, it will be sent first to the Scientific Language editor, who may suggest changes. If this happens, the manuscript will be sent back to the author for corrections and resubmission. Manuscripts not found suitable will not be sent out for review and will be immediately rejected, and authors informed. For articles describing original research in humans and animals, a letter of approval from the Institutional Ethics Committee must accompany these manuscripts or a letter stating that the Institutional Review Board had waived the need for informed consent. 

All research shall be conducted as per the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. (modified in 1983 - see The research must adhere to the 5 principles of ethics of research: informed consent, voluntary participation, privacy and confidentiality, justice, and beneficence, and right to review.

Publication Frequency

Indian Journal of Private Psychiatry publishes bi-annually focussing on all aspects of mental health and neurosciences.

Digital Preservation / Archiving:

IJPP provides for long-term digital preservation through PORTICO

Portico is a leading digital preservation service worldwide. The content is preserved as an archival version and is not publically accessible via Portico, but is provided when required under specific conditions, such as discontinuation of the collection or catastrophic failure of the website.

Indexing and Abstracting

The journal is indexed with, or included in, the following:

I2OR, Index Copernicus (2019), J Gate, PORTICO


The authors hold the copyright of all the editorial content published in this journal from now. All material can be used in part and full for non-commercial output after providing appropriate attribution to the original content of the journal and a link to the licence (CC-BY-NC 4.0). It is mandatory for authors to submit the manuscript along with Commercial Rights Transfer Form.


All open access articles published in IJPP are distributed under the terms of the CC-BY-NC 4.0 license (Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International License) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, for non-commercial purposes, provided the original work is properly cited. Under Creative Commons, authors retain copyright in their articles.

Open Access Policy

A comprehensive outlook on open access policy that we follow:

Open access refers to the practice of making peer-reviewed scholarly research and literature freely available online to anyone interested in reading it without any restriction. This Open access publications are freely and permanently available online to anyone with an internet access. Unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium (which is non-commercial) is permitted, provided the author/editor is properly attributed. All the periodicals are deposited immediately upon publication, without any technical, financial, gender limitations, in an agreed format on the journal website as well as archiving and indexing databases as applicable to a journal. All articles are self-archiving, with world-wide access through DOI (Digital Object Identifier) - standardized by the International Organization for Standardization, provided for individual article published.

We are fully archived on PORTICO.

Why open access publishing?

Restricted access to scientific research and advancements through subscription pay wall hinders communication within the scientific community. Moreover, restricted access can also hinder the education and dissemination of scientific knowledge to the aspiring younger generations who are keen to pursue a career in science. Increased productivity and development of science can only be achieved by diffusing knowledge and providing the facilities for creating permanent repositories such as Open Access.

The use of a Creative Commons 4.0 License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) enables user/reader/peer to use the content with clear permission in a way that it can be reused and redistributed as long as the article source is appropriately given credit for non-commercial purpose.

Self-Archiving Policy for Authors

Jaypee Journals follow the policy of open access under the CC-BY-NC 4.0 licence.

Policies and embargo periods may vary from Journal to Journal. Unless otherwise stated on the Journal website author instructions page.

Authors may self-archive versions of their work on their own webpages, on institutional webpages, and in other repositories.

Abstract and Citation information

Authors may reuse the Abstract and how to cite information (e.g. Title, Author name, Publication dates) of their article anywhere at any time including social media such as Facebook, blogs and Twitter, providing a proper acknowledgment is offered and wherever possible a link including the DOI number is included linking back to the article on the Journal/JAYPEE JOURNALS website. This is available in how to cite information on the article online.

Submitted Version

Submitted version (SV) is recognized as the un-refereed author version of an article completed before submission for submission to a journal. This is often referred to as the “preprint” version. The author accepts full responsibility for the article, and the content and layout is set out by the author.

Authors may not make their for-submission version available anywhere at any time. This inhibits posting on their own personal websites, institutional or non-commercial subject based repositories, commercial platforms websites or repositories, and or social media.

Accepted Manuscript

The accepted manuscript (AM) is the final draft author manuscript, as accepted for publication by a journal, including modifications based on referees’ suggestions, it is excluding copy editing and type setting and is often referred to as post-print version. JAYPEE JOURNALS carries this version on ready for production tab.

  • Immediately upload their AM to their own personal webpage (excluding commercial websites and repositories)
  • Immediately upload their AM to their institutional or other non-commercial subject based repositories on the provision that it is not made publicly available until after the specified embargo period (as may be applicable)

In the journals where embargo period is applicable the authors after the completion of the embargo period may:

  • Upload their AM to institutional repository or other non-commercial repositories and make it publicly available.
  • Accepted Manuscripts may not be uploaded or shared on commercial websites or repositories, unless the website or repository has signed a licensing agreement with JAYPEE JOURNALS permitting such uploading or sharing.

Embargo periods

Some of the JAYPEE JOURNALS may have Embargo periods however, this isn't applicable to IJPP.

When uploading an accepted manuscript to a repository, authors should include the following acknowledgment as well as a link to the accepted version. This will connect the published version to the AM version in the repository and help ensure that the article is cited correctly.

This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in [insert journal title] following peer review. This accepted Version [insert complete citation information here] is available online at: xxxxxxx [insert URL and DOI of the article on the Journal website].

Published Version

Published Version (PV) is defined here as the final typeset and edited version of the journal article that has been made available by JAYPEE JOURNALS on the respective journal website by formally and exclusively putting the article either in ‘online first’ or releasing it as a part of the complete issue of that journal.

The PV as it appears in the journal following copyediting and proof correction may not be deposited by authors in institutional repositories or posted to third party websites and made publicly available unless the article is published on an Open Access model licence (CC-BY-NC 4.0) that allows for such posting. Authors may share their PV with private groups within their institution or through private groups on non-commercial repositories that are signatories to the STM Voluntary principles for article sharing on Scholarly Collaboration Networks (SCN). The PV may not be uploaded or shared on commercial websites or repositories unless the website or repository has signed an agreement with JAYPEE JOURNALS permitting such uploading or sharing.

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

This Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement is based on the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors as per Committee on Publication Ethics, 2011, ICMJE & WAME. Please visit Policy page for greater details.

Advertisement Policy
  1. Jaypee Journals carry advertisements both digitally and in print. All these commercially sponsored advertisements are independent from editorial decisions.
  2. Jaypee Journals do not endorse any product or service marked as an advertisement or promoted by a sponsor in any of our publications. Editorial content is not compromised by commercial or financial interests, or by any specific arrangements with advertising clients or sponsors.
  3. Jaypee Journals reserves the right to decline any type of advertising that is damaging to the brand or is inappropriate to the content or deceptive or misleading. It should be verifiable. Advertisements should not claim extravagantly.
  4. Advertisements will not be accepted if they appear to be indecent or offensive in either text or artwork, or if they relate to content of a personal, racial, ethnic, sexual orientation, or religious nature.
  5. Jaypee Journals will not accept advertising for products or services known to be harmful to health (e.g. tobacco and alcohol products).
  6. Even if the advertisement has been implemented online, it will be withdrawn from the journal site at any time if the Jaypee Journals feel it's inappropriate.
  7. The product advertorial will not allow any treatment-specific or drug-specific campaign to be targeted to a specific article(s) or on any page where content relates to the product(s) is being advertised.
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  9. Editorial decisions will not be influenced by current or potential sponsors and advertisers and will not be influenced by marketing decisions.
  10. Information about complaints concerning advertisements will be included in the Advertisements page.

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Journal Detail

    ISSN 2319-5363
    Speciality General Medicine, Psychiatry
    DOI 10.5005/jp-journals-10067

Dr. Mahesh Gowda
Spandana Health Care, 236, 2, 29th Main Rd, Nandini Layout, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Deputy Editor

Dr. Shahul Ameen
St Thomas Hospital, Changanacherry, Kerala, India

Associate Editors

Dr. Sandeep Grover
Professor of Psychiatry
Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Dr. Samir Kumar Praharaj
Professor & Head
Department of Psychiatry, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Dr. Aruna Yadiyal
Department of Psychiatry PGIMER, Chandigarh, Punjab, India

Assistant Editors

Dr. Sujit Sarkhel
Assistant Professor
Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health And Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Dr. Ashwin Mohan
Associate Professor of Psychiatry
Institute of Psychiatry, Kolkata, India

Dr. Guru S Gowda
Euzen Mental Health Clinic, Chandigarh, Punjab, India

Dr. Rajshekhar Bipeta
Professor of Psychiatry
Insitute of Mental Health Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Dr. Prosenjit Ghosh
Assistant Professor of Psychiatry & Nodal Officer OSTC
Silchar Medical College, Silchar, Assam, India

Invited Section Editors

Dr. Kamlesh Kumar Sahu
Associate Professor
Department of Psychiatry
Government Medical College & Hospital, Sector 32
Chandigarh, India

Dr. P T Sivakumar
Associate Professor (PSW)
Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College & Hospital Sector 32, Chandigarh, Punjab, India

Dr. Harish T
Professor of Psychiatry Head Geriatric Psychiatry Unit Department of Psychiatry
National Institute of Mental Health And Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Dr. Gauri Choudhary
Consultant Clinical psychologist
Meadowlark Health Care, Pune, Maharashtra, India


Dr. Gautam Saha
Clinic Brain Neuropsychiatric Institute and Research Centre President, Saarc Psychiatric Foundation

Dr. (Mrs.) Shashi Rai
Consultant Psychiatrist and Director
Sambal Drug De Addiction and Psychiatric Centre, Lucknow Chairman RFS India. Secretary RFS(I) Lucknow. Former Editor IAPP Former President and Secretary IAPP: UP- Uttarakhand Former president,Zonal Representative, Secretary and Editor IPS Central Zone Former EC member IPS and IAPP

Dr. M S Reddy
ASHA Hospital, Hyderabad

Dr. O P Singh
Professor of Psychiatry, WBMES
Consultant psychiatrist, AMRI group of Hospitals, AA 304. Ashabari Apartments, O /31 Baishnab Ghata Patuli Kolkata 700094

National Advisory Board
Dr. E Mohandas
Senior Consultant Psychiatrist
Sun Medical & Research Centre Thrissur, Kerala

Prof. (Dr.) Indira Sharma
Emeritus Professor
National Academy of Medical Sciences, India

Dr. G Prasad Rao
Consultant Psychiatrist, Director
Schizophrenia & Psychopharmacology Division Asha Hospital, Hyderabad, India

Prof. (Dr.) Anu Kant Mital
Professor & Head
Department of Psychiatry Rajiv Gandhi Medical College & Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Hospital Kalwa, Thane India

Dr. Abir Mukherjee
Senior Consultant Psychiatrist
Medica Superspecialty Hospital, Visiting Consultant Psychiatrist, AMRI Group of Hospitals

Dr. Nishant Goyal
Professor of Psychiatry
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, Jharkhand

Dr. Naren Rao
Additional Professor
Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India

Prof. Dinesh Narayanan
Professor & HOD of Psychiatry
Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, India

Dr. Alka A Subramanyam
Associate Professor
TNMC & BYL Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai

Dr. Adarsh Tripathi
Additional Professor
Department of Psychiatry King George’s Medical University, U.P, Lucknow

Dr. K S Pavitra
Professor and Head
Department of Psychiatry, Basaveshwara Medical College, Chitradurga, Karnataka, India

Dr. Parag S Shah
Prof. & Head
Department of Psychiatry, SMIMER Medical College, Surat, India

Dr. Vishal
Chief Psychiatrist
Indlas VIMHANS Hospital Director, ICGC (Indlas Child Guidance Clinic) Director, Indlas Shantivan (Rehab and Deaddiction Center)

Dr. Abhay Matkar
Prof. & HOD
Department of Psychiatry SDMCMSH, Sattur, Dharwar, India

Dr. Ruksheda Syeda
Psychiatrist and Psychotherapist
Trellis Family Centre

Dr. Aravind Brahma
G. S. Clinic Indian Psychoanalytical Society Kolkata, India

Dr. Venu Gopal Jhanwar
Senior Consultant of Psychiatry and Director
Deva Institute of Health Care and Research (DIHR), Varanasi, India

Dr. Monali S Deshpande
Consultant Psychiatrist
Minds Eye Clinic Aurangabad, India

Dr. (Mrs.) Shubratha Kalmane
Professor of Psychiatry
Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences, Consultant Psychiatrist, Sridhar Nursing Home, Shimoga, Karnataka, India
International Advisory Board
Dr. Afzal Javed
Chairman Pakistan Psychiatric Research Centre
Fountain House Lahore Pakistan, Geneva University Psychiatric Hospital, 2 chemin du Petit-Bel-Air 1226 Thônex, Geneva, Switzerland

Dr. Dhana Ratna Shakya
Department of Psychiatry
B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Ghopa-18 Dharan Sunsari Koshi Zone Province-1 Nepal, Dharan, Nepal

Dr. Enzo Rozas Serri
Department of Psychiatry
Hospital Clínico Facultad de Medicina Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile

Dr. Gurvinder Kalra
Consultant Psychiatrist
Bairnsdale Community Mental Health Clinic Latrobe Regional Hospital Mental Health Services (LRH-MHS) Traralgon Victoria 3844 Australia Senior Adjunct Lecturer School of Rural Health (La Trobe Valley & West Gippsland) Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

Dr. Javed Ather Siddiqui
Department of Psychiatry, Mental Health Hospital, Taif Kingdom of Saudi Arabia P.O. Box.2056 -21944 (KSA), Taif, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Dilkhush Panjwani
Consultant Psychiatrist
Trillium Health Partners, Assistant Professor Dept. of Psychiatry University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Dr. Tarek A. Okasha
Professor of Psychiatry Director of the World Psychiatric Association Collaborating
Centre for Training and Research in Psychiatry, Okasha Institute of Psychiatry Faculty of Medicine Ain Shams University Cairo Egypt President Egyptian Alzheimer Society Editor In-chief Middle East Current Psychiatry Journal World Psychiatric Association Presidential Commendation 3 Shawarby Street Kasr El Nil 11121, Cairo, Egypt

Dr. Shabbir Amanullah
Assistant Professor/Adjunct Professor
Western University University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Dr. Daria Smirnova
Associate Professor
Department of Psychiatry Narcology Psychotherapy and Clinical Psychology Director International Centre for Education and Research in Neuropsychiatry (ICERN) Samara State Medical University, Samara, Russia

Dr. Priya Satalkar
Postdoctoral Research Fellow
Bioethics Institute Ghent, Ghent University, BE Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellow Bernoullistrasse 28 4056, Basel, Switzerland

Dr. Kostas N. Fountoulakis
Professor of Psychiatry
3rd Department of Psychiatry, Division of Neurosciences School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece, Director Cochrane Greece Board member World Psychiatric Association (zone 8 representative), Head Mental Health Section Research Institute Panhellenic Medical Association, Vice-President Hellenic Psychiatric Association, Editor-in-Chief, Annals of General Psychiatry, Field Editor CNS Spectrums, Thessaloniki, Greece

Dr. Rajiv Tandon
Professor and Chair of the Department of Psychiatry
Western Michigan University, Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, United States

Dr. McIntyre Jack
Clinical Professor (Voluntary)
Department of Psychiatry (SMD), University of Rochester Medical Center Rochester NY 2000 South Winton Road, Rochester, New York State, United States

Dr. Ravi Paul
Department of Psychiatry, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

Dr. Thibaut Florence
M.D., Psychiatrist
University of Paris, University Hospital Cochin-Tarnier INSERM U 1266 Institute of Psychiatry and Neuroscience Paris France University Hospital Cochin-Tarnier President of the IAWMH WFSBP Honorary President 89 rue d’Assas 75006 Paris University INSERM U1266 Institute of Psychiatry and Neurosciences, Paris, France

Dr. Nagesh Pai
Foundation Professor & Chair Psychiatry
Graduate School of Medicine, University of Wollongong Australia Senior Research Fellow & Theme Leader Mental Health & Ageing Brain Research Illawarra Health Medical Research Institute Sr.Clinical Academic Psychiatrist & Professor IllawarraShoalhaven Local Health District Wollongong Australia Chair Faculty of Adult Psychiatry RANZCP ( NSW) MAJOR Australian Defence, Melbourne, Australia

Dr. Raju Lakshmana
Director of Training Victorian SIMGs in Psychiatry.
Additional Director of Psychiatry, Goulburn Valley Health Senior Lecturer The University of Melbourne, Parkville Missouri, Australia

Dr. Mohan Isaac
Clinical Professor of Psychiatry
Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia

Dr. Srinagesh Mannekote Thippaiah
Assistant Professor of Psychiatry
Creighton University School of Medicine, Attending Medical-Psychiatry Unit Valleywise Health Medical Center, 2601 E Roosevelt St, Phoenix, Arizona, United States

Dr. B S Somashekar
Consultant Psychiatrist (General Adult) Lead Medical Appraiser Swanswell Point
Stoney Stanton Road Coventry CV1 4FH, Coventry, United Kingdom
Managing Editor

Nitesh Barthwal

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