International Journal of Infertility & Fetal Medicine

by Kamini A. Rao

The International Journal of Infertility and Fetal Medicine is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal, launched under the aegis of International Institute for Training and Research in Reproductive Health (IIRRH).

The aim of the journal is to provide a quick diffusion of scientific knowledge to all clinicians. The journal will endorse and support continuing medical knowledge and research by publishing original research papers, case reports, systematic reviews, and debates pertaining to Assisted Reproduction, Andrology, Embryology, Endocrinology, Genetics, Fetomaternal Medicine, Ultrasonography, Endoscopy, Epidemiology, and related Ethical, Legal and Social Issues.

Scope of the journal is relevant to obstetrics &gynaecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists, and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. It brings to them the latest developments in the field and novel insights into female and male infertility.



Open Access Policy

A comprehensive outlook on open access policy that we follow:

Open access refers to the practice of making peer-reviewed scholarly research and literature freely available online to anyone interested in reading it without any restriction. This Open access publications are freely and permanently available online to anyone with an internet access. Unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium (which is non-commercial) is permitted, provided the author/editor is properly attributed. All the periodicals are deposited immediately upon publication, without any technical, financial, gender limitations, in an agreed format on the journal website as well as archiving and indexing databases as applicable to a journal. All articles are self-archiving, with world-wide access through DOI (Digital Object Identifier) - standardized by the International Organization for Standardization, provided for individual article published.

We are fully archived on PORTICO.

Why open access publishing?

Restricted access to scientific research and advancements through subscription pay wall hinders communication within the scientific community. Moreover, restricted access can also hinder the education and dissemination of scientific knowledge to the aspiring younger generations who are keen to pursue a career in science. Increased productivity and development of science can only be achieved by diffusing knowledge and providing the facilities for creating permanent repositories such as Open Access.

The use of a Creative Commons 4.0 License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) enables user/ reader/ peer to use the content with clear permission in a way that it can be reused and redistributed as long as the article source is appropriately given credit for non-commercial purpose.


Self-Archiving Policy for Authors

Jaypee Journals follow the policy of open access under the CC-BY-NC 4.0 licence. For the details of self archiving policy for authors:

Policies and embargo periods may vary from Journal to Journal. Unless otherwise stated on the Journal website author instructions page.

Authors may self-archive versions of their work on their own webpages, on institutional webpages, and in other repositories.

Abstract and Citation information

Authors may reuse the Abstract and how to cite information (e.g. Title, Author name, Publication dates) of their article anywhere at any time including social media such as Facebook, blogs and Twitter, providing a proper acknowledgment is offered and wherever possible a link including the DOI number is included linking back to the article on the Journal/JAYPEE JOURNALS website. This is available in how to cite information on the article online.

Submitted Version

Submitted version (SV) is recognized as the un-refereed author version of an article completed before submission for submission to a journal. This is often referred to as the “preprint” version. The author accepts full responsibility for the article, and the content and layout is set out by the author.

Authors may not make their for-submission version available anywhere at any time. This inhibits posting on their own personal websites, institutional or non-commercial subject based repositories, commercial platforms websites or repositories, and or social media.

Accepted Manuscript

The accepted manuscript (AM) is the final draft author manuscript, as accepted for publication by a journal, including modifications based on referees’ suggestions, it is excluding copy editing and type setting and is often referred to as post-print version. JAYPEE JOURNALS carries this version on ready for production tab.

  • Immediately upload their AM to their own personal webpage (excluding commercial websites and repositories)
  • Immediately upload their AM to their institutional or other non-commercial subject based repositories on the provision that it is not made publicly available until after the specified embargo period ( as may be applicable)

In the journals where embargo period is applicable the authors after the completion of the embargo period may:

  • Upload their AM to institutional repository or other non-commercial repositories and make it publicly available.
  • Accepted Manuscripts may not be uploaded or shared on commercial websites or repositories, unless the website or repository has signed a licensing agreement with JAYPEE JOURNALS permitting such uploading or sharing.
Embargo periods

Some of the JAYPEE JOURNALS may have Embargo periods and this may vary between journals. For details of a journal’s specific embargo period, please see the information for each individual journal on the About Journal Page.

When uploading an accepted manuscript to a repository, authors should include the following acknowledgment as well as a link to the accepted version. This will connect the published version to the AM version in the repository and help ensure that the article is cited correctly.

This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in [insert journal title] following peer review. This accepted Version [insert complete citation information here] is available online at: xxxxxxx [insert URL and DOI of the article on the Journal website].

Published Version

Published Version (PV) is defined here as the final typeset and edited version of the journal article that has been made available by JAYPEE JOURNALS on the respective journal website by formally and exclusively putting the article either in ‘online first’ or releasing it as a part of the complete issue of that journal.

The PV as it appears in the journal following copyediting and proof correction may not be deposited by authors in institutional repositories or posted to third party websites and made publicly available unless the article is published on an Open Access model licence ( CC-BY-NC 4.0) that allows for such posting. Authors may share their PV with private groups within their institution or through private groups on non-commercial repositories that are signatories to the STM Voluntary principles for article sharing on Scholarly Collaboration Networks (SCN). The PV may not be uploaded or shared on commercial websites or repositories unless the website or repository has signed an agreement with JAYPEE JOURNALS permitting such uploading or sharing.


Authors who have agreed to publish their article on an Open Access basis, and who have paid any associated fees, are entitled to make their article publicly available according to the terms of their selected licences. In the case of JAYPEE JOURNALS the CC-BY-NC 4.0 is the agreed licence which gives freedom for non-commercial sharing of articles by authors upon publication.


Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

This Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement is based on the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (Committee on Publication Ethics, 2011).

Editors’ Duties

Publication Decisions: The editor is responsible for deciding on accepting, rejecting, or requesting modifications to the manuscript. In some instances, the editors may require multiple rounds of reviews and modifications. The editors communicate review result in a timely fashion. The editor reserves the right to edit, clarify or shorten the manuscript as deemed necessary.

Fair Review: The editor must ensure that each manuscript submitted to the Journal is reviewed for its intellectual content without regard to the author’s race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy. The decisions will be based on the paper’s importance, originality, clarity, and relevance to the journal’s scope.

Confidentiality: The editor and editorial staff always ensure that information regarding manuscripts submitted by the authors is kept confidential.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: The editor and members of the editorial board of this journal shall not use unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript for his/her own research without the author’s explicit written consent.

Authors’ Duties

Publication guidelines: Authors must follow the submission guidelines of the journal.

Originality, Plagiarism and Acknowledgement: Authors must ensure that the work they are submitting as theirs is entirely original. Authors must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere. Authors will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Authors sign a declaration stating that the manuscript and the illustrations within are original, or that he/she has taken all the necessary steps to avoid breach of copyright.

Multiple Submissions: Authors must certify that the manuscript is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere. Submitting the same paper to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing behaviour.

Authorship of the Paper: All authors mentioned in the paper must have significantly contributed to the research. The author submitting the manuscript to the journal ensures that all contributing co- authors and no uninvolved person(s) are included in the author list.

Conflict of Interest: Authors must notify the editors of any conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the manuscript.

Fundamental Errors: Authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes at any point in time if the author(s) discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in submitted manuscript.

Reviewers’ Duties

Confidentiality: Reviewers must keep all manuscripts received confidential.

Acknowledgement of Sources: Reviewers must ensure that authors have cited all relevant published work referred to in the paper in the endnotes and bibliography. Reviewers will bring to the editor’s attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript and any other published paper they are aware of.

Standards of Objectivity: Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate.

Supporting Argument: Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Conflicts of Interest: Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships, or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the paper(s).

Promptness: In the event that a reviewer feels it is not possible for him/her to complete review of manuscript within the stipulated time he/she should notify the editor in a timely manner and withdraw from the review process.


Journal follows the high standards of peer review as set out in the COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers.

All research articles and other article types are subjected to thorough peer-review, usually by at least 2 external peer-reviewers. After initial assessment by the journal Editor for suitability in the journal, the Editor will invite appropriate independent reviewers with sufficient and specific area of expertise. The Editors decision is made based on these reviewer reports, which are made available to the authors upon decision. Where the Editor of the journal is an author in the submission, adequate steps are taken to ensure blinding the Editor from the submission during peer-review. Further information about journals specific model of peer-review is found on the journal’s information pages.

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Journal Detail

    ISSN 2229-3817
    Speciality Obstetrics and Gynecology
    DOI 10.5005/jp-journals-10016

Kamini A. Rao
Medical Director
Milann – The Fertility Center
Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Assistant Editors

Harpreet Kaur
Associate Professor
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bilaspur (H.P.)

Deepika K.
Milann - The Fertility Center,
Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

SR Raajam Murali
Sr Consultant Milann
The Fertility Center Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Resident Editor

Dr Vyshnavi Rao
Senior Consultant
Milann Fertility Center, Banguluru.

Editorial Board Members
Bryan Woodward
Consultant Embryologist and Clinical Scientist
IVF Consultancy Services, Leicester, UK

Neelanjana Mukhopadhyay
Senior Consultant
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Luton and Dunstable Hospital, Bedfordshire, Luton, United Kingdom

Vanita Suri
Professor, Head of the Department
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
PGIMER, Chandigarh , Punjab & Haryana, India

Shubha Rao Phadke
SGPGI, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Neena Malhotra
Senior Consultant
Reproductive Medicine
AIIMS Delhi India

Ratna Puri
Senior Consultant
Sri Gangaram Hospital, New delhi, India

Vatsala Dadwal
Senior Consultant
Fetal Medicine
AIIMS Delhi India

Sanjeeva Reddy
Reproductive Medicine
Sri MG Ramchandra University,Chennai, Tamil Nadu,India

Varsha Samson Roy
Senior Consultant
Manipal Advanced Fertility Cenre, Karnataka, Bangalore,India

Shalini Gainder
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Gautham Pranesh
Research Scientist
Biochemistry & Statistics
Milann - The Fertility Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Richard Kirubakaran
Research Scientist
BVMC, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Shweta Mittal
Reproductive Medicine
Sri Gangaram Hospital, New delhi, India

Ruma Satwik
Senior Consultant
Reproductive medicine
Sri Gangaram Hospital, New delhi, India

Mir Jaffar
Scientific Director
Milann—The Fertility Center, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Sankalp Singh
Senior Consultant
Reproductive Medicine
CRAFT Hospital & Research Centre, Kodangallur, Kerala, India

Revathi Rajan
Chief Consultant
Maternal Fetal Medicine
Mirror Health Women's Health Clinic, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Sapna Ahuja
Senior Consultant
Reproductive medicine
Nuffield Health, Tunsbridge Wells Hospital,Tunbridge Wells, United Kingdom
International Advisory Board Members
Asim Kurjak
Medical School University of Zagreb, Croatia, and University Sarajevo School of Science and Technology, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Christopher Chen
Senior Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist and Infertility Specialist, Director of Gleneagles IVF Centre
Gleneagles Hospital, Singapore

Mandeep Singh
Professor and Head
Department of Pedodontics
PDM Dental College
Bahadurgarh, Haryana

Ashok Agarwal
Case Western Reserve University and Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA

Gamal Serour
Al-Azhar University

Henry Sathananthan
Monash University, Melbourne

Kypros Nicolaides
Kings College, London, UK

Peter R. Brinsden
Bourn Hall Clinic, Cambridge, U.K.

P. C. Wong
Senior Consultant Head of Division Director of the Assisted Reproduction Programme in the Hospital
National University Hospital Women’s Centre

Joseph Schenker
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Hadassah Medical Centre, Israel
National Advisory Board Members
Korula George
Bangalore Baptist Hospital
Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Mala Arora
Chairperson; President; Director
FoGsi Quiz Committee; Faridabad Obstetrics and Gynaecology Society; Noble Hospital, India

Pratima Radhakrishnan
Manipal Hospital
Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Preiti Venkatesh
Head and Consultant
Manipal Hospital
Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Alex Verghese
Scientific & Laboratory Director

Jatin Shah
Director, Mumbai Fertility Clinic & IVF Centre

RS Sharma
Divison of Reproductive Biology, Maternal and Child Health,
Indian Council of Medical Research,

S. Suresh
Chief Medical Director
Mediscan Center, Chennai

J. B. Sharma
Obstetric and Gynaecology
AIIMS, New Delhi

Natachandra Chimote
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Gautam Allahabadia
IVF Consultant & Head of the Aster IVF & – Clinic
Aster IVF & – Clinic
Mumbai, Maharastra, India

S. S. Vasan
Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Nutan Jain
Endoscopic Surgeon and Infertility Specialist
Vardhman Trauma and Laparoscopy Centre (P) Ltd Muzaffarnagar India

Mridhubhashni Govindrajan
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Sonal Panchal
Consultant Radiologist; Professor
Dr Nagori’s Institute for Infertility and IVF, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India; Dubrovnik International University, Croatia

Manish Banker
Infertility Specialist, Director; Director; Chairperson
Nova IVI Fertility; Pulse Women’s Hospital; Scientific Committee, IFFS 2016, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Pratap Kumar
Professor and Head, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Deepika Deka
Chairman, Fetal Medicine and Genetics Committee (FOGSI), Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India

Ajit Virkud
Bhatia Hospital
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Managing Editor

Atul Singh
Managing Editor

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