Chapter-12 Introduction to Biochemistry

BOOK TITLE: Essentials of Nutrition and Biochemistry for Basic BSc Nursing

1. Clement I
Publishing Year
Author Affiliations
1. RV College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India; Columbia College of Nursing, VSS College of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India; Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India; Christian Medical Association of India, New Delhi, Indian Society of Psychiatric Nursing, Bengaluru, Medical Surgical Nursing Society of ndia, Chennai; Indian Society of Neuroscience Nursing, New Delhi; Asian Association of Cardiac Nurses, Kolkata, West Bengal, India; Indian Red Cross Society, Bengaluru, St. Johns Ambulance Association, Bengaluru; National Editorial Advisory Board, New Delhi, Nurses of India (Former) Bengaluru
Chapter keywords
Biochemistry, physiological chemistry, biological chemistry, cell, prokaryote cell organization, eukaryote cell organization, microscope


Biochemistry is defined as the chemistry of biology. The science of biochemistry has also been called physiological chemistry and biological chemistry. Biochemistry is concerned chiefly with the chemistry of biological processes; it attempts to utilize the tools and concepts of chemistry particularly organic and physical chemistry, for elucidation of the living system. This chapter covers the review of structure, composition and functions of cell, prokaryote and eukaryote cell organization, and microscope. Biochemistry is used to learn about the biological processes which take place in cells and organisms. Applications of the basic principles of biochemistry are essential to the nursing profession. The correct diagnosis, nursing care plans, treatment, prevention and control of infectious diseases depend on a sound knowledge of medical biochemistry.

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