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Chapter-33 Sonoendocrinology and Cycle Monitoring-assisted Reproduction Technology

BOOK TITLE: Principles and Practice of Assisted Reproductive Technology

Author
1. Panchal Sonal
2. Nagori CB
ISBN
9789352705030
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/18020_34
Edition
2/e
Publishing Year
2019
Pages
15
Author Affiliations
1. Dr Nagori’s Institute for Infertility and IVF, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, Rainbow Hospitals, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India, Dubrovnik International University, Dubrovnik, Croatia; Ian Donald Inter-University School of Medical Ultrasound, India
2. Dr Nagori’s Institute for Infertility and IVF, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, Ahmedabad, Dr. Nagori’s Institute for Infertility and IVF, Ahmedabad, India
Chapter keywords
Ultrasound, Doppler, menstrual cycle, imaging modality, reproductive system, preovulatory period, estrogen affect, endometrium, secretory phase assessment

Abstract

Ultrasound is an excellent tool for assessment of the menstrual cycle. Hormonal changes occurring day-to-day during the menstrual cycle reflects as morphological and vascular changes in the ovary and the uterus. Ultrasound with Doppler can thus be used as the only modality for cycle assessment in patients undergoing assisted reproduction technology and may be of help to reduce the cost of the cycle by avoiding certain hormonal assessments and still maintaining close and accurate watch on the hormonal changes occurring during treatment cycle. This chapter covers the imaging modalities for assessment of reproductive system, preovulatory period, estrogen affects endometrium, secretory phase assessment, and correlation of progesterone to ultrasound findings.

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