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Chapter-39 White Lesions of Oral Cavity

BOOK TITLE: Manual for Dental Hygienist

Author
1. Awasthi Maj Gen PN
ISBN
9789352702282
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/14199_40
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2018
Pages
3
Author Affiliations
1. Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune, Maharashtra, India; Indian Army Dental Corps, Dental Council of India; Manav Rachna Dental College, Faridabad, Haryana, India, Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune, Maharashtra, India; Indian Army Dental Corps; Dental Council of India; Manav Rachna Dental College, Faridabad, Haryana, India
Chapter keywords
White lesion, oral mucosa, oral cavity, leukoderma, leukoplakia, black hairy tongue, white sponge nevus, focal hyperkeratosis, mucosal burn, geographic tongue, lichen planus, candidiasis, oral submucous fibrosis

Abstract

White lesions found on the oral mucosa have a white coating. They require differential diagnosis because they may indicate trauma, infection, or a cancerous process. The various white lesions of oral cavity have been described leukoderma, leukoplakia, black hairy tongue, white sponge nevus, focal (frictional) hyperkeratosis, mucosal burns, geographic tongue, lichen planus, candidiasis, and oral submucous fibrosis. White sponge nevus features asymptomatic, bilateral, dense, shaggy, white or gray, generalized opacification of buccal mucosa. Mucosal burns feature painful white fibrin exudates covering superficial ulcer with erythematous ring. White lesions are common findings in the oral cavity and may be benign, premalignant or malignant. Early diagnosis can minimize progression of oral cancers.

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