Chapter-11 Diseases of Head, Neck, ENT and Eye

BOOK TITLE: A Short Textbook of Pathology

1. Sajal Md Tahminur Rahman
2. Charu Hosne Ara Tahmin
3. Sajani Tabassum Tahmin
4. Sarnali Tanjila Tahmin
Publishing Year
Author Affiliations
1. Modern Diagnostic Center Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2. Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
3. Bangladesh Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
4. Anwer Khan Modern Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Chapter keywords
oral cavity, caries, gingivitis, periodontitis, dentigenous cyst, thrush, aphthous ulcer, erythroplakia, leukopakia, squamous cell carcinoma, nose rhinitis, sinusitis, angiofibroma, papilloma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, pharynx and larynx, vocal cord polyp, squamous papilloma, squamous cell carcinoma, ear, otitis media, cholesteatoma, carcinoma, neck, branchial and thyroglossal cyst, paraganglioma, salivary gland tumors, carcinoma, eye, retinitis pigmentosa, stye, chalazion, opthalmitis, conjunctivitis, diabetic and hypertensive retinopathy, glaucoma, papilloedema, retinal detachment, retinoblastoma


A brief overview of important diseases of head, neck, nose, throat and eyes are given in this chapter. Common diseases of the oral cavity like caries, gingivitis, periodontitis, different types of odontogenic cysts and tumors are described. Inflammatory lesions of oral cavity, e.g. HSV, thrush, pyogenic granuloma, aphthous ulcer and benign lesion: hemangioma, premalignant lesions like erythroplakia, leukoplakia and frank malignancy, e.g. Squamous cell carcinoma are discussed here. Also common diseases of nose like rhinitis, sinusitis, nasal polyps, benign tumors like angiofibroma, papilloma, plasmacytoma and the common malignancy-nasopharyngeal carcinoma has been described. Lesions of pharynx and larynx include inflammation, reactive nodules and polyps, benign lesions like papilloma, fibroma and malignant lesions of them are also incorporated. Common lesions of ear, e.g. otitis media, cholesteatoma, carcinoma, cysts in the neck region: branchial and thyroglossal cyst, tumor like paraganglioma are also included briefly. Common diseases of salivary glands e.g. sialadenitis, ranula, sialolithiasis, benign and malignant tumors of salivary glands including pleomorphic adenoma, Warthin tumor, mucoepidermoid carcinoma and adenocarcinoma are discussed. Important diseases of eyes namely inflammatory lesions, e.g. stye, chalazion, endopthalmitis, different types of keratoconjunctivitis, vascular lesions like- hypertensive and diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and common tumor retinoblastoma have been described.

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