EXPORT CITATION

Chapter-04 Growth and Development

BOOK TITLE: Partha’s Fundamentals of Pediatrics

Author
1. Nair MKC
2. Bhaskaran Deepa
ISBN
9789350903612
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/11899_4
Edition
2/e
Publishing Year
2013
Pages
13
Author Affiliations
1. Child Development Centre, Medical College Campus, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, Kerala University of Health Sciences, Thrissur; Child Development Center, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, Kerala University of Health Sciences, Thrissur; Child Development Center, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, Kerala University of Health Sciences, Medical College, Thrissur, Kerala, India, Kerala University of Health Sciences; NIMS-Spectrum-Child Development Research Centre, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, Kerala University of Health Sciences, Thrissur, Kerala; Behavioral and Adolescent Pediatrics; Child Development Centre and Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, Kerala University of Health Sciences; Child Development Centre and Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, Kerala University of Health Sciences, Thrissur, Kerala; Child Development Centre and Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, Kerala University of Health Sciences, Thriss
2. Child Development Center Medical College Campus, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, Child Development Centre, Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, Child Development Center, Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, Child Development Center, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, Child Development Center, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, Child Development Centre, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, Child Development Center, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, Child Development Centre, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram
Chapter keywords
sex organs, chronic malnutrition, cell size, anthropometry, lymph glands

Abstract

This chapter discusses growth and development. Growth is defined as an increase in size. Growth is a salient feature which differentiates a child from an adult. The process of growth starts from the time of conception and continues till the child becomes a mature adult. Growth results from an increase in cell number initially followed by an increase in cell size. The measurement of body growth is called anthropometry. Weight is measured to the nearest 0.1 kg and height up to the nearest 0.1 cm. The degree of wasting is measured by comparing the weight of the child to the weight of a healthy child of the same height. This has been used to study the different degrees of malnutrition. With chronic malnutrition the weight for age and height for age are less for the age. The different tissues in the body like the lymph glands, brain and the sex organs grow at different rates.

Related Books

© 2019 Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.   |   All Rights Reserved