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Chapter-33 Miscellaneous Topics

BOOK TITLE: Partha’s Fundamentals of Pediatrics

Author
1. Ramesh S
2. Nagaraju Major K
3. Govindaraj M
4. Nedunchelian K
5. Shekhar Rao M Indra
6. Shankar NC Gowri
7. Sanjay KS
8. Kumar A Prahalad
ISBN
9789350903612
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/11899_78
Edition
2/e
Publishing Year
2013
Pages
135
Author Affiliations
1. Kanchi Kamakoti Childs Trust Hospital, Chennai, India, e-mail: kkcth@vsnl.net, BRS Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, BRS Hospital, Chennai, India, BRS Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, KK Child Trust Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2. VN Allergy and Asthma Research Centre; Apollo Children's Hospital; Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Visiting Consultant Pediatric Allergy, Apollo Children’s Hospital; Managing Director, VN Allergy and Asthma Research Center, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Chennai; Apollo Children’s Hospital, Chennai; VN Allergy and Asthma Research Center, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital; Pediatric Allergy, Apollo Children’s Hospital; VN Allergy and Asthma Research Centre, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Apollo Children’s Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, VN Allergy and Asthma Research Centre; Apollo Children’s Hospital; Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Apollo Children’s Hospital, Saveetha Medical College and VN Allergy and Asthma Research Center, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Kanchi Kamakoti Childs Trust
3. Indira Gandhi Institute of Child Health Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Indira Gandhi Institute of Child Health, South Hospital Complex, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Dr BR Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Dr BR Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, Indira Gandhi Institute of Child Health (IGICH), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Dr Ambedkar Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Indira Gandhi Institute of Child Health South Hospital Complex, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
4. Government Dharmapuri Medical College, Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu, Government Dharmapuri Medical College and Hospital, Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu, India, Institute of Child Health and Hospital for Children, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Mehta Multispecialty Hospitals India Pvt Ltd, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Mehta Multispecialty Hospitals India Pvt Ltd, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
5. Osmania Medical College, Medical Superintendent Institute of Child Health and Nilofour Hospital Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
6. Mehta Children’s Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
7. Indira Gandhi Institute of Child Health (IGICH), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
8. Indira Gandhi Institute of Child Health, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Chapter keywords
Vital statistics, drug, drug dosage, pediatric, allergy test, sample registration system, SRS, immunoglobulin E, IgE, skin prick test, patch skin test, total serum immunoglobulin, computed tomography, CT

Abstract

This chapter gives a brief discussion on miscellaneous topics that include vital statistics, integrated management of neonatal and childhood illness, rights of children, drugs and drug dosages, interpretation of laboratory values in pediatric practice, safe injection practices, interpretation of allergy tests, medical council of India regulations on graduate medical education, and syllabus MBBS at the AIIMS. Vital statistics is systematically collected and compiled data relating to vital events of life such as birth, death, marriage, divorce, adoption, etc. In India, the main source of vital statistics include the census, registration records of vital events such as births and deaths and sample registration system (SRS). The interpretation of a positive test result must be individualized on the basis of clinical presentation and risk factors. The diagnosis of allergic diseases is made primarily by performing a detailed history and physical examination. Demonstration of immunoglobulin E (IgE) specific antibodies against particular allergen will complement the history. Without history of allergic symptoms, if IgE specific antibodies are positive to particular allergen, it indicates sensitization and chances of manifesting symptoms later on in life.

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