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Chapter-60 Disturbances in Temperature in Newborn

BOOK TITLE: Principles of Pediatric & Neonatal Emergencies

Author
1. Mathur NB
ISBN
9788184489507
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/11182_60
Edition
3/e
Publishing Year
2011
Pages
7
Author Affiliations
1. Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India, Maulana Azad Medical College/Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India, Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, e-mail: drmathur@nda.vsnl.net.in, Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India
Chapter keywords

Abstract

Disturbances in temperature can be due to the environmental temperature as well as underlying disease and both often coexist. It is important to attend urgently to the underlying disease as well as attempt to normalize the temperature. Thermal protection of the newborn is the series of measures taken at birth and during the neonatal period to ensure that the newborn does not become cold and maintains a normal body temperature of 36.5-37.5°C. Hypothermia is a common problem and it contributes to the high perinatal mortality rate seen in the developing world. It was present in 58% neonates admitted to a tertiary referral neonatal unit and was associated with five fold increase in the risk of fatality. Hyperthermia mostly occurs in the neonate because of overheating. Infections in neonates often cause hypothermia rather than hyperthermia.

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