Jaypeedigital | Medical Ebooks


Share this page

Postmenopausal Osteoporosis: Basic and Clinical Concepts

by Meeta

Osteoporosis is the most common bone disorder affecting humans. It is a skeletal disorder characterized by compromised bone strength, which predisposes a person to an increased risk of fracture. The outcomes in morbidity and mortality can be devastating. Osteoporosis, especially prevalent among older postmenopausal women, increases the risk of hip and spine fractures, associated with particularly high morbidity and mortality in this population. Thus, the primary goal of osteoporosis therapy is to prevent fractures. The evaluation of postmenopausal women for osteoporosis risk requires a medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests. Major risk factors for postmenopausal osteoporosis (as defined by bone mineral density) include advanced age, genetics, lifestyle factors (such as low calcium and vitamin D intake, smoking), thinness, and menopause status. Management focuses first on nonpharmacologic measures, such as a balanced diet, adequate calcium and vitamin D intake, adequate exercise, smoking cessation, avoidance of excessive alcohol intake, and fall prevention. Pharmacological agents used include bisphosphonates, selective estrogen-receptor modulators, parathyroid hormone, estrogens and calcitonin. The book discusses the causes and/or risk factors, complications, diagnosis, investigations and treatment for the prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.

Chapter Name Size PNo
 
Editor
  1. Meeta
Editor's Affiliations
  1. Co-Director and Consultant, Tanvir Hospital, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
ISBN
9789350900857
Speciality
Orthopedics,Obstetrics and Gynecology
DOI
10.5005/jp/books/11789
Edition
1/e
Publishing Year
2013
Pages
280
Book Type
Professional
Submit your review
  • 1 Star 2 Star 3 Star 4 Star 5 Star

Related Books