Spina Bifida—Ultrasonographic Diagnosis in First and Second Trimesters - Review Article
Author Laura Sarno, Gabriele Saccone, Marco Di Cresce, Pasquale Martinelli, Giuseppe Maria Maruotti
ISSN 0973-614X
JournalTitle Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
DOI 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1541
Volume 11
Issue 4
Publishing Year 2017
Pages 341-346
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ABSTRACT

Accurate and timely prenatal diagnosis of spina bifida (SB) is a major challenge of actual antenatal care. The diagnosis of spina bifida may be only suspected during I trimester because the detection rate of intracranial traslucency is 50%; the final diagnosis is made in the II trimester by direct visualization of defect of spine or the presence of myelomeningocele or the visualization of indirect signs. When a spine defect is detected it is necessary a neurosurgical counseling with the patient. The degree of handicap and the survival rate depend on the level of injury, the size of the defect, and the presence of associated anomalies. In tertiary fetal medicine centers, two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound allows an accurate determination of the location, type, extention of the defect. Maternal—fetal surgery for myelomeningocele repair must be offered to carefully selected patients even if there are significant maternal implications and complications

Keywords: Intracranial traslucency, Myelomeningocele, Prenatal diagnosis, Spina bifida, Ultrasonography I and II Trimester

How to cite this article: Sarno L, Saccone G, Di Cresce M, Martinelli P, Maruotti GM. Spina Bifida—Ultrasonographic Diagnosis in First and Second Trimesters. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2017;11(4):341-346.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

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