Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Diagnosis of Fetal Brain Anomalies - Review Article
Author Mariachiara Resta, Franca Dicuonzo, Maurizio Resta
ISSN 0973-614X
JournalTitle Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
DOI 10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1540
Volume 11
Issue 4
Publishing Year 2017
Pages 328-340
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Prenatal Ultrasonagraphy (US) is the mainstay modality to diagnose fetal abnormalities especially in early pregnancy. Fetal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a useful tool to confirm and to characterize a pathology that is suspected on US, especially in the detection of central nervous system pathologies.The use of ultrafast imaging tecniques gives additional importantant informations and optimal imaging quality, despite fetal motion, in clinical practice.
Diffusion Weighted Imaging (DWI), Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI), MR Spetroscopy and Functional studies have potential applications in the fetal brain imaging. Fetal MRI could recognize, in contradistinction to US, the development of fetal brain, the multilayered appearance of the cerebral parenchyma, the timing of sulci development and the myelination.
The most common indications for fetal MRI are ventriculomegaly, midline anomalies, malformations of cerebral cortical development, posterior fossa anomalies, suspected haemorraghic-ischemic lesions, tumors.
Fetal MRI is a safe and powerful complement to US for clinical management and prognostication.

Keywords: Fetal brain anomalies, Fetal brain, Fetal MRI, MRI

How to cite this article: Resta M, Dicuonzo F, Resta M. Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Diagnosis of Fetal Brain Anomalies. Donald School J Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2017; 11(4):328-340.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

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