31 Result(s) for 'SubCategory='Dental Materials''
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   Book
Basic Dental Materials by Manappallil John J (2016) Edition : 4/e
DOI : 10.5005/jp/books/12669   ISBN:9789352500482

A successful dentist has to combine technical skills along with sound clinical knowledge. Knowledge of dental materials is one of the keys to a successful dental practice. As with dentistry in general, the science of dental materials combines a wide array of disciplines, including chemistry, physics, mechanics, and biology with clinical sciences. This book “... [More]

Basic Dental Materials
   Chapter
Chapter-01 Overview of Dentistry and Dental Materials by Manappallil John J (2016) Edition : 4/e
DOI:10.5005/jp/books/12669_2      

Dentistry over the years has evolved into a highly complex field and materials play a crucial role in every aspect of treatment. Dental treatment not only includes the practice of medicine and surgery but also restoration of missing or lost structures. For convenience of description, dental care may be divided into preventive, disease control and elimination... [More]

   Chapter
Chapter-02 Structure and Properties of Dental Materials by Manappallil John J (2016) Edition : 4/e
DOI:10.5005/jp/books/12669_3      

All materials are made up of atoms. An atom is the smallest unit of matter that defines the chemical elements. Atoms are held together by some force. These interatomic bonding forces that hold atoms together are cohesive forces. Interatomic bonds may be classified as primary and secondary bonds. Space lattice or crystal can be defined as any arrangement of a... [More]

   Chapter
Chapter-03 Structure and Properties of Metals and Alloys by Manappallil John J (2016) Edition : 4/e
DOI:10.5005/jp/books/12669_4      

A metal can be defined as a substance with high thermal and electrical conductivity, lustre, and malleability, which readily loses electrons to form positive ions. In dentistry, metals or their alloys are used in dental restorations, prosthetic uses, functional appliances and splints e.g. orthodontic therapy and auxiliary uses. The periodic table is a chart ... [More]

   Chapter
Chapter-04 Electrochemical Properties of Materials by Manappallil John J (2016) Edition : 4/e
DOI:10.5005/jp/books/12669_5      

This chapter provides lucid and comprehensive understanding on electrochemical properties of materials. One of the primary requisites of any metal that is to be used in the mouth is that it must not produce corrosion products that will be harmful to the body. The mouth is moist and continually subjected to fluctuations in temperature. Tarnish is a surface di... [More]

   Chapter
Chapter-05 Biological Properties of Dental Materials by Manappallil John J (2016) Edition : 4/e
DOI:10.5005/jp/books/12669_6      

The science of dental materials must include a knowledge and appreciation of the biological considerations that are associated with selection and use of materials designed for the oral cavity. Strength and resistance to corrosion are unimportant if the material irritates or injures the pulp or soft tissue. The biological characteristics of dental materials c... [More]

   Chapter
Chapter-06 Introduction to Restorations, Luting and Pulp Therapy by Manappallil John J (2016) Edition : 4/e
DOI:10.5005/jp/books/12669_7      

This chapter serves as an introduction to restorative dentistry, luting and pulp therapy. A restoration is a material which substitutes the missing tooth structure and restores the form and function of the tooth. They are classified as temporary, intermediate and permanent, direct and indirect, and esthetic and nonesthetic. Because of its excellent initial s... [More]

   Chapter
Chapter-07 Cavity Liners and Varnish by Manappallil John J (2016) Edition : 4/e
DOI:10.5005/jp/books/12669_8      

A cavity liner is used like a cavity varnish to provide a barrier against the passage of irritants from cements or other restorative materials and to reduce the sensitivity of freshly cut dentin. It is supplied as solutions in bottles, powder and liquid, and paste in tubes. Cavity varnish is a solution of one or more resins which when applied onto the cavity... [More]

   Chapter
Chapter-08 Dental Cements by Manappallil John J (2016) Edition : 4/e
DOI:10.5005/jp/books/12669_9      

This chapter provides a lucid and comprehensive understanding on dental cements. Dental cements are materials of multiple uses including restorations, luting and therapeutic. They are generally materials of comparatively low strength, but have extensive use in dentistry. The first dental cement is said to have been introduced in 1785 by Sorel who created the... [More]

   Chapter
Chapter-09 Dental Amalgam by Manappallil John J (2016) Edition : 4/e
DOI:10.5005/jp/books/12669_10      

An amalgam is defined as a special type of alloy in which mercury is one of the components. Mercury is able to react with certain alloys to form a plastic mass, which is conveniently packed into a prepared cavity in a tooth. This plastic mass hardens and is stronger than any dental cement or anterior filling material. Dental amalgam is the most widely used f... [More]