54 Result(s) for 'SubCategory='Community Medicine''
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   Chapter
Chapter-01 Introduction to Community Medicine by Suryakantha AH (2017) Edition : 4/e

The main concern of this chapter discusses the introduction to community medicine. Community medicine is that branch of medicine, which deals with the study of the provision of preventive, promotive, curative, rehabilitative and evaluative services to the community at large, through an organized comprehensive health care delivery system. The term community m... [More]

   Chapter
Chapter-02 Concept of Health by Suryakantha AH (2017) Edition : 4/e

Health is defined (by WHO) as ‘a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being of an individual and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity’. Health is three dimensional—the physical, the mental and the social. Nonmedical dimensions which can be included are spiritual, emotional, vocational and political dimensions. The health of an individu... [More]

   Chapter
Chapter-03 Concept of Disease by Suryakantha AH (2017) Edition : 4/e

The main objectives of this chapter is introduce the concept of disease. Webster defines disease as ‘a condition, in which body health is impaired and performance of vital functions in the body is interrupted.’ In other words, the disease is a physiological or psychological dysfunction of the body. Old theories and the germ theory of disease are the theories... [More]

   Chapter
Chapter-04 Concept of Prevention by Suryakantha AH (2017) Edition : 4/e

The objective of community medicine is to oppose the disease process in order to preserve the health, promote the health, prolong the life and to minimize the sufferings by preventing the occurrence of the disease. The disease can be prevented by opposing its natural history at different levels. Primary, secondary and tertiary preventions are three levels of... [More]

   Chapter
Chapter-05 Environment and Water by Suryakantha AH (2017) Edition : 4/e

This chapter discusses on the environment and health. The environment is the external factor(s) present around the man and has got an influence on the health of the human being. Health is a state of dynamic equilibrium between man and his environment and when this equilibrium is disturbed, ill-health (disease) occurs. Physical environment, biological environ... [More]

   Chapter
Chapter-06 Air and Ventilation by Suryakantha AH (2017) Edition : 4/e

Air constitutes the immediate physical environment. It is such an important environment that without air, life would not have existed on earth. Air is a mixture of gases, mainly nitrogen (78%), oxygen (21%) and carbon dioxide (0.03%), remaining by other gases such as argon, neon, helium, xenon, etc. Strictly speaking there is no pure air. The air always cont... [More]

   Chapter
Chapter-07 Noise by Suryakantha AH (2017) Edition : 4/e

The main concern of this chapter is introduce the noise. Noise is an unwanted sound, causing disturbance or annoyance to the hearer. The term ‘noise pollution’ signifies the cacophony of sounds that are being produced in the modern life, leading to health hazards. Auditory effects and nonauditory effects are two groups of hazards of noise pollution. Frequenc... [More]

   Chapter
Chapter-08 Light by Suryakantha AH (2017) Edition : 4/e

Light constitutes an important physical environment of human beings. It is also a form and a source of energy. Without light, living will not be comfortable. It is essential for vision. Light may be from a natural source or artificial source. Natural source of light is the Sun. The sun rays beyond the spectrum are invisible. The rays beyond the violet end ar... [More]

   Chapter
Chapter-09 Radiation by Suryakantha AH (2017) Edition : 4/e

Radiation also constitutes an important physical environment. Radiation is defined as a form of energy, emitted from a matter, in all directions, in the form of waves, each wave carrying a quantum of energy or emitted in the form of fast-moving sub-atomic particles or nucleotides. Such energy is emitted from a matter as a result of electrical excitement or i... [More]

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Chapter-10 Housing by Suryakantha AH (2017) Edition : 4/e

This chapter discusses the requirements of a house and housing standards. Housing is defined as a physical structure which provides safety, security and shelter to the members living in and the environment including services and facilities necessary for maintaining optimum health by those members. It is the place where the members spend most of their lifetim... [More]