19 Result(s) for 'SubCategory='Anatomy''
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Chapter-01 Introduction to the Study of Anatomy and Physiology by Raju SM, Raju Bindu, Sivakumar M (2015) Edition : 2/e

Anatomy deals with the structure of the body and its parts, whereas physiology studies the functions of these parts. Development of human body begins with a single cell and then it divided into different levels of organizations such as chemical level, cellular level, tissue level, organ level, system level and organism level. All living organisms have severa... [More]

Chapter-02 Cells and Tissues by Raju SM, Raju Bindu, Sivakumar M (2015) Edition : 2/e

The cell is a structural and functional unit of all organisms because all the biological processes take place in it. The outer limit of the cell that encloses different cellular organelles is known as cell membrane. It is selectively permeable and molecules can move through the cell membrane by simple diffusion, passive transport and active transport etc. Ce... [More]

Chapter-03 Homeostasis by Raju SM, Raju Bindu, Sivakumar M (2015) Edition : 2/e

Homeostasis deals with complex interactions which help to maintain functioning of body and an inability to maintain homeostasis may lead to death or a disease condition. A number of mechanisms are involved that are triggered by changes in extracellular fluid. These mechanisms act as either negative feedback to restore or preserve the optimum state. The homeo... [More]

Chapter-04 Fluid and Electrolyte Balance by Raju SM, Raju Bindu, Sivakumar M (2015) Edition : 2/e

Fluid and electrolyte balance is important for maintaining homeostasis. Water plays an important role in fluid balance. It constitutes 60%–70% of body weight. Different types of solutions like isotonic solutions, hypertonic solution, hypotonic solution etc., and diffusion and osmosis have specific role in fluid balance. Fluid and electrolyte balance include ... [More]

Chapter-05 Blood and Body Defense by Raju SM, Raju Bindu, Sivakumar M (2015) Edition : 2/e

Blood transport oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, waste products etc. Blood is composed of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and plasma etc. Red blood cells are biconcave disk-like structures and lack nucleus. It contains hemoglobin which helps in the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Erythropoiesis occurs mainly in the marrow of the stern... [More]

Chapter-06 Lymphatic System by Raju SM, Raju Bindu, Sivakumar M (2015) Edition : 2/e

lymphatic system is comprised of a network of ducts, called lymph vessels or lymphatics that carry lymph. Lymph is a clear, watery fluid that resembles the plasma of blood. Lymph nodes are kidney shaped. The major parts of the system are the bone marrow, spleen, thymus gland, lymph nodes and tonsils. Bone marrow is the site of b cell generation and t cell ge... [More]

Chapter-07 Integumentary System by Raju SM, Raju Bindu, Sivakumar M (2015) Edition : 2/e

The skin is the human body’s largest organ accounting for 12–15% of body weight. The skin and its accessory organs such as hair, nails and a variety of glands include the integumentary system. The epidermis is predominantly made of stratified squamous epithelium and other cells. Stratum corneum, stratum lucidum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum and strat... [More]

Chapter-08 Skeletal System by Raju SM, Raju Bindu, Sivakumar M (2015) Edition : 2/e

Approximately 206 bones consist in the adult human body, which are organized into an internal framework called skeleton. In a living, cell bones are a solid network of living tissue and fibers that are supported by a matrix of calcium salts. Types of bones are mainly classified as long bones, short bones, flat bones and irregular bones. The basic shape of a ... [More]

Chapter-09 Surface Anatomy by Raju SM, Raju Bindu, Sivakumar M (2015) Edition : 2/e

Surface anatomy of head discuss about surface anatomy, mastoid process is the bony elevation behind the ear, sternocleidomastoid muscle, anterior triangle of the neck, etc. the vertebral column, the top of the sternum lies opposite the joint between the second and third thoracic vertebrae. By four imaginary lines abdomen is divided into nine regions. The sub... [More]

Chapter-10 Urinary System by Raju SM, Raju Bindu, Sivakumar M (2015) Edition : 2/e

The urinary system not only excretes waste products but also help maintain homeostasis and other physiologically important substances in the blood. The urinary system consists of kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra. The act of micturition occurs when 170–230 mL of urine have accumulated in the bladder. Structure and function of the kidney are expla... [More]