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Chapter-01 Introduction by Kumaraswamy Jayalakshmi (2014) Edition : 1/e

Certain terms should be known to understand dental anatomy. The term maxillary means upper jaw, mandibular means lower jaw. Primary means belonging to the first stage of any process. The term deciduous means not permanent, transitory. Deciduous teeth commonly called as milk tooth is defined as “One of the temporary teeth of a mammal that are replaced by perm... [More]

Chapter-02 Dental Formula and Tooth Numbering Systems by Kumaraswamy Jayalakshmi (2014) Edition : 1/e

A detailed description of tooth numbering systems i.e, Palmer system, FDI system, Universal system and viktor haderup is given in this chapter. The denomination and number of all mammalian teeth are expressed by formulae that are used to differentiate the human dentition from that of other species. The denomination of each tooth is often represented by the i... [More]

Chapter-03 The Permanent Incisors by Kumaraswamy Jayalakshmi (2014) Edition : 1/e

Incisors are the first kind of tooth in heterodont mammals. They are located in the premaxilla above and mandible below. The maxillary central incisor is located in the anterior maxillary jaw and is usually the most visible of all teeth in the mouth. It is located mesial to the maxillary lateral incisor. As with all incisors, their function is for shearing o... [More]

Chapter-04 The Permanent Canines by Kumaraswamy Jayalakshmi (2014) Edition : 1/e

Canines evolved and are used primarily for firmly holding food in order to tear it apart, and occasionally as weapons. They are often the largest teeth in a mammal's mouth. Most species that develop them normally have four per individual, two in the upper jaw and two in the lower, separated within each jaw by its incisors; humans and dogs are examples. There... [More]

Chapter-05 The Permanent Premolars by Kumaraswamy Jayalakshmi (2014) Edition : 1/e

The premolars are transitional teeth located between the canine and molar teeth. In humans, there are two premolars per quadrant, making eight premolars total in the mouth. The premolars in humans are the maxillary first premolar, maxillary second premolar, mandibular first premolar, and the mandibular second premolar. The maxillary second premolar is locate... [More]

Chapter-06 The Permanent Molars by Kumaraswamy Jayalakshmi (2014) Edition : 1/e

In this chapter morphology of simplified for easy understanding. The human mouth contains maxillary and mandibular molars. They are: maxillary first molar, maxillary second molar, maxillary third molar, mandibular first molar, mandibular second molar, mandibular third molar. These teeth assist mandibular molars in performing mastication and comminution of fo... [More]

Chapter-07 Deciduous Teeth by Kumaraswamy Jayalakshmi (2014) Edition : 1/e

Deciduous teeth, also known as reborner teeth, baby teeth, temporary teeth and primary teeth, are the first set of teeth in the growth development of humans and many other mammals. The development of deciduous teeth starts at the sixth week of development as the dental lamina. The deciduous dentition is made up of central incisors, lateral incisors, canines,... [More]

Chapter-08 Differences Between Primary and Permanent Teeth by Kumaraswamy Jayalakshmi (2014) Edition : 1/e

Comparison of permanent dentition with primary teeth is been described in detail in this chapter. Generally the deciduous teeth are smaller in overall size and crown dimension. Morphological difference such as crown size, shape, color, number etc is also discussed. Histological variation between the two dentitions is also described. colour, enamel, enamel ro... [More]

Chapter-09 Ground Section of Tooth: A Grinding Process by Kumaraswamy Jayalakshmi (2014) Edition : 1/e

With the help of Ground section of teeth various histological features of teeth can be learnt. Ground section of tooth is a process in which tooth grinding is done to its thinnest section for microscopic examination of dental hard tissues. There are two alternative methods for preparing hard dental tissues for microscopic examination that is Grinding and De... [More]

Chapter-10 Tooth Traits by Kumaraswamy Jayalakshmi (2014) Edition : 1/e

Trait categories help in describing tooth similarities and differences between them. A trait is a distinguishing characteristic, quality, peculiarity or attribute. Traits are classified as Set Traits, Arch Traits, Class Traits and Type Traits. The characteristic of each tooth is described in detail in this chapter. Type traits differentiate teeth within one ... [More]