Chapter Details

Chapter-01 Overview of Dentistry and Dental Materials
Basic Dental Materials

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  1. Manappallil John J
ISBN 9789352500482
DOI 10.5005/jp/books/12669_2
Edition 4/e
Publishing Year 2016
Pages 8
Chapter Keywords Dentistry, dental treatment, preventive phase, restorative phase, conservative dentistry, endodontics, periodontics, prosthodontics, dental laboratory, dental material
Dentistry over the years has evolved into a highly complex field and materials play a crucial role in every aspect of treatment. Dental treatment not only includes the practice of medicine and surgery but also restoration of missing or lost structures. For convenience of description, dental care may be divided into preventive, disease control and elimination, restorative, rehabilitative and maintenance phases. Currently nine specialties are recognized by the Dental Council of India, which are listed in this chapter. Many materials are used in the dental laboratory to aid in the fabrication of stents, prostheses, appliances and other structures used in and around the mouth. Dental materials are classified into preventive materials, restorative materials, auxiliary materials, prosthetic materials, appliance materials, biomaterials and therapeutic agents. The Federation Dentaire Internationale (FDI) and the International Organizations for Standardization (ISO) are two organizations working for the development of specifications and terminology on an international level.